Programmed Inequality

Author: Mar Hicks
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262535181
File Size: 40,95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 8584
Download

How Britain lost its early dominance in computing by systematically discriminating against its most qualified workers: women. In 1944, Britain led the world in electronic computing. By 1974, the British computer industry was all but extinct. What happened in the intervening thirty years holds lessons for all postindustrial superpowers. As Britain struggled to use technology to retain its global power, the nation's inability to manage its technical labor force hobbled its transition into the information age. In Programmed Inequality, Mar Hicks explores the story of labor feminization and gendered technocracy that undercut British efforts to computerize. That failure sprang from the government's systematic neglect of its largest trained technical workforce simply because they were women. Women were a hidden engine of growth in high technology from World War II to the 1960s. As computing experienced a gender flip, becoming male-identified in the 1960s and 1970s, labor problems grew into structural ones and gender discrimination caused the nation's largest computer user—the civil service and sprawling public sector—to make decisions that were disastrous for the British computer industry and the nation as a whole. Drawing on recently opened government files, personal interviews, and the archives of major British computer companies, Programmed Inequality takes aim at the fiction of technological meritocracy. Hicks explains why, even today, possessing technical skill is not enough to ensure that women will rise to the top in science and technology fields. Programmed Inequality shows how the disappearance of women from the field had grave macroeconomic consequences for Britain, and why the United States risks repeating those errors in the twenty-first century.
Programmed Inequality
Language: en
Pages: 352
Authors: Mar Hicks
Categories: Computers
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-02-23 - Publisher: MIT Press

How Britain lost its early dominance in computing by systematically discriminating against its most qualified workers: women. In 1944, Britain led the world in electronic computing. By 1974, the British computer industry was all but extinct. What happened in the intervening thirty years holds lessons for all postindustrial superpowers. As
Your Computer Is on Fire
Language: en
Pages: 416
Authors: Thomas S. Mullaney, Benjamin Peters, Mar Hicks, Kavita Philip
Categories: Computers
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-03-09 - Publisher: MIT Press

Techno-utopianism is dead: Now is the time to pay attention to the inequality, marginalization, and biases woven into our technological systems. This book sounds an alarm: after decades of being lulled into complacency by narratives of technological utopianism and neutrality, people are waking up to the large-scale consequences of Silicon
Technology and Society, second edition
Language: en
Pages: 600
Authors: Deborah G. Johnson, Jameson M. Wetmore
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-08-24 - Publisher: MIT Press

Writings by thinkers ranging from Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain to Bruno Latour that focus on the interconnections of technology, society, and values. Technological change does not happen in a vacuum; decisions about which technologies to develop, fund, market, and use engage ideas about values as well as calculations of costs and
The Evolution of Inequality
Language: en
Pages: 349
Authors: Manus I. Midlarsky
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1999 - Publisher: Stanford University Press

This book studies the structural inequalities between states as they evolve and influence the political process, analyzing various forms of political violence, the dissolution of states, and the sources of cooperation between states. The ultimate genesis of democracy is shown to be a consequence of the processes detailed in the
Programming with Python for Social Scientists
Language: en
Pages: 328
Authors: Phillip D. Brooker
Categories: Reference
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-12-09 - Publisher: SAGE

As data become ‘big’, fast and complex, the software and computing tools needed to manage and analyse them are rapidly developing. Social scientists need new tools to meet these challenges, tackle big datasets, while also developing a more nuanced understanding of – and control over – how these computing tools