Quantum Optics And Nanophotonics

Author: Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198768605
File Size: 26,81 MB
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Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics consists of the lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 101 held in August 2013. Some of the most eminent experts in this flourishing area of research have contributed chapters lying at the intersection of basic quantum science and advanced nanotechnology. The book is part of the renowned series of tutorial books that contain the lecture notes of all the Les Houches Summer Schools since the 1950's and cover the latest developments in physics and related fields.

Quantum Nano Photonics

Author: Baldassare Di Bartolo
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9402415440
File Size: 53,30 MB
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This book brings together more closely researchers working in the two fields of quantum optics and nano-optics and provides a general overview of the main topics of interest in applied and fundamental research. The contributions cover, for example, single-photon emitters and emitters of entangled photon pairs based on epitaxially grown semiconductor quantum dots, nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond as single-photon emitters, coupled quantum bits based on trapped ions, integrated waveguide superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors, quantum nano-plasmonics, nanosensing, quantum aspects of biophotonics and quantum metamaterials. The articles span the bridge from pedagogical introductions on the fundamental principles to the current state-of-the-art, and are authored by pioneers and leaders in the field. Numerical simulations are presented as a powerful tool to gain insight into the physical behavior of nanophotonic systems and provide a critical complement to experimental investigations and design of devices.

Quantum Photonics Pioneering Advances And Emerging Applications

Author: Robert W. Boyd
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319984020
File Size: 38,31 MB
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This book brings together reviews by internationally renowed experts on quantum optics and photonics. It describes novel experiments at the limit of single photons, and presents advances in this emerging research area. It also includes reprints and historical descriptions of some of the first pioneering experiments at a single-photon level and nonlinear optics, performed before the inception of lasers and modern light detectors, often with the human eye serving as a single-photon detector. The book comprises 19 chapters, 10 of which describe modern quantum photonics results, including single-photon sources, direct measurement of the photon's spatial wave function, nonlinear interactions and non-classical light, nanophotonics for room-temperature single-photon sources, time-multiplexed methods for optical quantum information processing, the role of photon statistics in visual perception, light-by-light coherent control using metamaterials, nonlinear nanoplasmonics, nonlinear polarization optics, and ultrafast nonlinear optics in the mid-infrared.

Introduction To Nanophotonics

Author: Sergey V. Gaponenko
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521763754
File Size: 41,42 MB
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Graduate-level textbook describing the principles of nanophotonics, for students in physics, optical and electronic engineering and materials science.

Nanoscale Quantum Optics

Author: M. Agio
Editor: IOS Press
ISBN: 1643680994
File Size: 33,18 MB
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With the launch of the Quantum Technology Flagship Programme by the European Commission, developments in the realization of new technologies based on quantum physics have been recognized as a priority. These are important for cryptographic techniques for telecommunications security, new computing hardware that can solve problems so far inaccessible even to the latest generation of supercomputers, and precision standards and sensors with important applications ranging from materials science to medical diagnostics. This book presents a collection of lectures from the International School of Physics Enrico Fermi on Nanoscale Quantum Optics, held in Varenna, Italy, from 23 – 28 July 2018. The course was attended by 60 students, researchers and lecturers, and provided an opportunity to train a new generation of scientists on topics that promise great innovations in science and technology. Included here are 9 lectures and seminars and 3 poster contributions from the school. Subjects covered include: basic concepts for quantum optics and quantum technologies; materials for quantum nanophotonics; quantum optics and non-classical light generation; creating quantum correlations between quantum-dot spins; platforms for telecom-entangled photon sources; nanoscale sensing and quantum coherence; and nano-optomechanics, among others. The book offers a valuable overview of the state-of-the-art and current trends in nanoscale quantum optics. It will be invaluable for all those with an interest in this subject.

Progress In Nano Electro Optics V

Author: Motoichi Ohtsu
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540286813
File Size: 27,98 MB
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Focusing on nanophotonics, which has been proposed by M. Ohtsu in 1993, this volume begins with theories for operation principles of characteristic nanophotonic devices and continues with novel optical near field phenomena for fabricating nanophotonic devices. Further topics include: unique properties of optical near fields and their applications to operating nanophotonic devices; and nanophotonic information and communications systems that can overcome the integration-density limit with ultra-low-power operation as well as unique functionalities. Taken as a whole, this overview will be a valuable resource for engineers and scientists working in the field of nano-electro-optics.

Advances In Quantum Optics

Author: Weiping Zhang
Editor: de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110304350
File Size: 38,98 MB
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Being the most active field in modern physics, Optical Physics has developed many new branches and interdisciplinary fields overlapping with various classical disciplines. This series summarizes the advancements of optical physics in the past twenty years in the following fields: High Field Laser Physics, Precision Laser Spectroscopy, Nonlinear Optics, Nanophotonics, Quantum Optics, Ultrafast Optics, Condensed Matter Optics, and Molecular Biophotonics.

Nano Photonics In Iii V Semiconductors For Integrated Quantum Optical Circuits

Author: Nicholas Andrew Wasley
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319015141
File Size: 19,91 MB
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This thesis breaks new ground in the physics of photonic circuits for quantum optical applications. The photonic circuits are based either on ridge waveguides or photonic crystals, with embedded quantum dots providing the single qubit, quantum optical emitters. The highlight of the thesis is the first demonstration of a spin-photon interface using an all-waveguide geometry, a vital component of a quantum optical circuit, based on deterministic single photon emission from a single quantum dot. The work makes a further important contribution to the field by demonstrating the effects and limitations that inevitable disorder places on photon propagation in photonic crystal waveguides, a further key component of quantum optical circuits. Overall the thesis offers a number of highly novel contributions to the field; those on chip circuits may prove to be the only means of scaling up the highly promising quantum-dot-based quantum information technology.

Semiconductor Nanophotonics

Author: Michael Kneissl
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030356566
File Size: 49,75 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in the development of semiconductor nanostructures and nanophotonic devices. It covers epitaxial growth processes for GaAs- and GaN-based quantum dots and quantum wells, describes the fundamental optical, electronic, and vibronic properties of nanomaterials, and addresses the design and realization of various nanophotonic devices. These include energy-efficient and high-speed vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) and ultra-small metal-cavity nano-lasers for applications in multi-terabus systems; silicon photonic I/O engines based on the hybrid integration of VCSELs for highly efficient chip-to-chip communication; electrically driven quantum key systems based on q-bit and entangled photon emitters and their implementation in real information networks; and AlGaN-based deep UV laser diodes for applications in medical diagnostics, gas sensing, spectroscopy, and 3D printing. The experimental results are accompanied by reviews of theoretical models that describe nanophotonic devices and their base materials. The book details how optical transitions in the active materials, such as semiconductor quantum dots and quantum wells, can be described using a quantum approach to the dynamics of solid-state electrons under quantum confinement and their interaction with phonons, as well as their external pumping by electrical currents. With its broad and detailed scope, this book is indeed a cutting-edge resource for researchers, engineers and graduate-level students in the area of semiconductor materials, optoelectronic devices and photonic systems.

Nanophotonics

Author: Preecha Yupapin
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814364371
File Size: 34,71 MB
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This book investigates the behavior of light (light pulse) within the micro- and nano-scale device (ring resonator), which can be integrated to form the device, circuits, and systems that can be used for atom/molecule trapping and transportation, optical transistor, fast calculation devices (optical gate), nanoscale communication and networks, and energy storage, etc. The large demand of small-scale device, especially, with light signal processing is needed. This book discusses device (nano device) design and simulation, which can be useful for practice in the near future.

Applied Nanophotonics

Author: Sergey V. Gaponenko
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107145503
File Size: 76,44 MB
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An accessible yet rigorous introduction to nanophotonics, covering basic principles, technology, and applications in lighting, lasers, and photovoltaics. Providing a wealth of information on materials and devices, and over 150 color figures, it is the 'go-to' guide for students in electrical engineering taking courses in nanophotonics.

Fundamentals And Applications Of Nanophotonics

Author: Joseph W. Haus
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782424873
File Size: 60,95 MB
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Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics includes a comprehensive discussion of the field of nanophotonics, including key enabling technologies that have the potential to drive economic growth and impact numerous application domains such as ICT, the environment, healthcare, military, transport, manufacturing, and energy. This book gives readers the theoretical underpinnings needed to understand the latest advances in the field. After an introduction to the area, chapters two and three cover the essential topics of electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, and computation as they relate to nanophotonics. Subsequent chapters explore materials for nanophotonics, including nanoparticles, photonic crystals, nanosilicon, nanocarbon, III-V, and II-VI semiconductors. In addition, fabrication and characterization techniques are addressed, along with the importance of plasmonics, and the applications of nanophotonics in devices such as lasers, LEDs, and photodetectors. Covers electrodynamics, quantum mechanics and computation as these relate to nanophotonics Reviews materials, fabrication and characterization techniques for nanophotonics Describes applications of the technology such as lasers, LEDs and photodetectors

Flatland Nanophotonics

Author: Chitraleema Chakraborty
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 77,79 MB
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"Semiconducting two-dimensional materials have gained increasing scientific interest within the last decade. Their electronic band gap in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectra, intriguing properties associated with spin and valley pseudospin of carriers and strongly bound excitons make them an excellent platform for both fundamental research, and technology tailored towards applications in nanophotonics and optoelectronics. Recently, 3D localized excitons in 2D materials have emerged as a novel source of single photon emitters, thus, unlocking the potential of these flatland materials in quantum optics and quantum information technology. The discovery of these localized excitons and the advances made in the study of quantum emitters in 2D materials are the major contributions of this thesis. In this thesis, we study quantum-confined excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), a semiconducting class of 2D material. The effects of 3D confinement of excitons in the host monolayer TMDCs are investigated by optical spectroscopy. Low-temperature photoluminescence emission from the localized excitons exhibits narrow linewidths ranging from 100 fineV - 500 fineV with peak energies that are red-shifted from the delocalized excitons. Photon antibunching in intensity autocorrelation measurement confirms their single-photon nature. Magneto-optical studies reveal an exciton g-factor of fi10. Next, electric- field tunable devices based on van derWaals heterostructure are built around these localized emitters hosted by monolayer TMDC to study the quantum-confined Stark effect and demonstrate the electrical modulation of their photophysical properties such as emission energy, intensity, linewidth and fine structure splitting. We also investigate fully localized trions embedded in a charge-tunable van der Waals heterostructure. In such a device, direct electrostatic doping results in the formation of quantum confined trions with reduced electron-hole exchange interactions manifested by a reduction in the fine structure splitting and enhanced degree of circular polarization. This fosters the possibility of fabricating optically controlled spin-valley qubits with 2D materials. Lastly, we present various integrated devices based on 2D materials that are coupled with nanostructures such as metallic nano-antenna, nanowire-based waveguide and planar optical cavity based on distributed Bragg reflectors. These devices not only serve as a platform for solid-state quantum optics research but also provide building blocks for future nanophotonic and optoelectronic circuits."--Pages xvi-xvii.

Statistical Methods In Quantum Optics 1

Author: Howard J. Carmichael
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540548829
File Size: 73,31 MB
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This is the first of a two-volume presentation on current research problems in quantum optics, and will serve as a standard reference in the field for many years to come. The book provides an introduction to the methods of quantum statistical mechanics used in quantum optics and their application to the quantum theories of the single-mode laser and optical bistability. The generalized representations of Drummond and Gardiner are discussed together with the more standard methods for deriving Fokker-Planck equations.

Quantum Dots For Quantum Information Technologies

Author: Peter Michler
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319563785
File Size: 12,10 MB
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This book highlights the most recent developments in quantum dot spin physics and the generation of deterministic superior non-classical light states with quantum dots. In particular, it addresses single quantum dot spin manipulation, spin-photon entanglement and the generation of single-photon and entangled photon pair states with nearly ideal properties. The role of semiconductor microcavities, nanophotonic interfaces as well as quantum photonic integrated circuits is emphasized. The latest theoretical and experimental studies of phonon-dressed light matter interaction, single-dot lasing and resonance fluorescence in QD cavity systems are also provided. The book is written by the leading experts in the field.

Quantum Theory Of Near Field Electrodynamics

Author: Ole Keller
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642174108
File Size: 70,20 MB
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"Quantum Theory of Near-field Electrodynamics" gives a self-contained account of the fundamental theory of field-matter interaction on a subwavelength scale. The quantum physical behavior of matter (atoms and mesoscopic media) in both classical and quantum fields is treated. The role of local-field effects and nonlocal electrodynamics, and the tight links to the theory of spatial photon localization are emphasized. The book may serve as a reference work in the field, and is of general interest for physicists working in quantum optics, mesoscopic electrodynamics and physical optics. The macroscopic and microscopic classical theories form a good starting point for the quantum approach, and these theories are presented in a manner appropriate for graduate students entering near-field optics.

Superconducting Devices In Quantum Optics

Author: Robert Hadfield
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319240919
File Size: 75,41 MB
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This book presents the basics and applications of superconducting devices in quantum optics. Over the past decade, superconducting devices have risen to prominence in the arena of quantum optics and quantum information processing. Superconducting detectors provide unparalleled performance for the detection of infrared photons in quantum cryptography, enable fundamental advances in quantum optics, and provide a direct route to on-chip optical quantum information processing. Superconducting circuits based on Josephson junctions provide a blueprint for scalable quantum information processing as well as opening up a new regime for quantum optics at microwave wavelengths. The new field of quantum acoustics allows the state of a superconducting qubit to be transmitted as a phonon excitation. This volume, edited by two leading researchers, provides a timely compilation of contributions from top groups worldwide across this dynamic field, anticipating future advances in this domain.

Photonics Volume 1

Author: David L. Andrews
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118225538
File Size: 38,23 MB
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Covers modern photonics accessibly and discusses the basic physical principles underlying all the applications and technology of photonics. This volume covers the basic physical principles underlying the technology and all applications of photonics from statistical optics to quantum optics. The topics discussed in this volume are: Photons in perspective; Coherence and Statistical Optics; Complex Light and Singular Optics; Electrodynamics of Dielectric Media; Fast and slow Light; Holography; Multiphoton Processes; Optical Angular Momentum; Optical Forces, Trapping and Manipulation; Polarization States; Quantum Electrodynamics; Quantum Information and Computing; Quantum Optics; Resonance Energy Transfer; Surface Optics; Ultrafast Pulse Phenomena. Comprehensive and accessible coverage of the whole of modern photonics Emphasizes processes and applications that specifically exploit photon attributes of light Deals with the rapidly advancing area of modern optics Chapters are written by top scientists in their field Written for the graduate level student in physical sciences; Industrial and academic researchers in photonics, graduate students in the area; College lecturers, educators, policymakers, consultants, Scientific and technical libraries, government laboratories, NIH.

Selected Topics In Photonics

Author: Asima Pradhan
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9811050104
File Size: 75,95 MB
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This volume comprises chapters on the cutting-edge research in photonics undertaken at IIT Kanpur. Photonics requires scientists and engineers to work closely together in addressing challenges which are interdisciplinary in nature. At IIT Kanpur, research is being pursued in several key areas of photonics namely fiber-optics, nanophotonics, quantum optics, optical spectroscopy and imaging, biophotonics, and photonic devices. This volume brings together contributions from experts to obtain a contemporary perspective in photonics research. The reader will find articles about coherent optical communications, novel photonic nanostructures, nano-structured materials for light control, optical tweezers with nanoscale applications, quantum coherence and entanglement, photodiode arrays and quantum metrology. The volume also includes chapters on cancer diagnostics with optical tomography, protein fluctuations at microsecond scale at single-molecule level, and visualization of motion in a droplet which are interdisciplinary in nature. The contents of this book will be of use to researchers, students, and professionals working across all domains of photonics.

Nanoscale Photonics And Optoelectronics

Author: Zhiming M Wang
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441975874
File Size: 22,42 MB
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The intersection of nanostructured materials with photonics and electronics shows great potential for clinical diagnostics, sensors, ultrafast telecommunication devices, and a new generation of compact and fast computers. Nanophotonics draws upon cross-disciplinary expertise from physics, materials science, chemistry, electrical engineering, biology, and medicine to create novel technologies to meet a variety of challenges. This is the first book to focus on novel materials and techniques relevant to the burgeoning area of nanoscale photonics and optoelectronics, including novel-hybrid materials with multifunctional capabilities and recent advancements in the understanding of optical interactions in nanoscale materials and quantum-confined objects. Leading experts provide a fundamental understanding of photonics and the related science and technology of plasmonics, polaritons, quantum dots for nanophotonics, nanoscale field emitters, near-field optics, nanophotonic architecture, and nanobiophotonic materials.