Raw Data Is An Oxymoron

Author: Lisa Gitelman
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262518287
Size: 12,29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Episodes in the history of data, from early modern math problems to today's inescapable "dataveillance," that demonstrate the dependence of data on culture. We live in the era of Big Data, with storage and transmission capacity measured not just in terabytes but in petabytes (where peta- denotes a quadrillion, or a thousand trillion). Data collection is constant and even insidious, with every click and every "like" stored somewhere for something. This book reminds us that data is anything but "raw," that we shouldn't think of data as a natural resource but as a cultural one that needs to be generated, protected, and interpreted. The book's essays describe eight episodes in the history of data from the predigital to the digital. Together they address such issues as the ways that different kinds of data and different domains of inquiry are mutually defining; how data are variously "cooked" in the processes of their collection and use; and conflicts over what can--or can't--be "reduced" to data. Contributors discuss the intellectual history of data as a concept; describe early financial modeling and some unusual sources for astronomical data; discover the prehistory of the database in newspaper clippings and index cards; and consider contemporary "dataveillance" of our online habits as well as the complexity of scientific data curation. Essay Authors Geoffrey C. Bowker, Kevin R. Brine, Ellen Gruber Garvey, Lisa Gitelman, Steven J. Jackson, Virginia Jackson, Markus Krajewski, Mary Poovey, Rita Raley, David Ribes, Daniel Rosenberg, Matthew Stanley, Travis D. Williams

Spoiler Alert

Author: Aaron Jaffe
Editor: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452961794
Size: 20,13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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All of this information at our fingertips—and we might not need any of it Concurrent with the compulsory connectivity of the digital age is the rise of the spoiler. The inevitability of information has changed the critical quality of modernity, leaving us with acute vertigo—a feeling that nothing new is left out there. Encompassing memes and trigger warnings, Vilem Flusser and Thomas Pynchon, Spoiler Alert wrangles with the state of surprise in post-historical times. Aaron Jaffe delivers a timely corrective to post-critical modes of reading that demonstrates the dangers of forfeiting critical suspicion. Forerunners: Ideas First Short books of thought-in-process scholarship, where intense analysis, questioning, and speculation take the lead

Metadata And Semantic Research

Author: Emmanouel Garoufallou
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319708635
Size: 18,29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Metadata and Semantic Research, MTSR 2017 2017, held in Tallinn, Estonia, November 28th to December 1st, 2017. The 18 full and 13 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. They focus on the Internet of Things (IoT) and the practical implementation of ontologies and linked data. Further topics are theoretical and foundational principles of metadata; ontologies and information organization; applications of linked data, open data, big data and user-generated metadata; digital interconnectedness; metadata standardization; authority control and interoperability in digital libraries and research data repositories; emerging issues in RDF, OWL, SKOS, schema.org, BIBFRAME, metadata and ontology design; linked data applications for e-books; digital publishing and Content Management Systems (CMSs); content discovery services, search, information retrieval and data visualization applications.

The Data Revolution

Author: Rob Kitchin
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 1473908264
Size: 14,66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Carefully distinguishing between big data and open data, and exploring various data infrastructures, Kitchin vividly illustrates how the data landscape is rapidly changing and calls for a revolution in how we think about data." - Evelyn Ruppert, Goldsmiths, University of London "Deconstructs the hype around the ‘data revolution’ to carefully guide us through the histories and the futures of ‘big data.’ The book skilfully engages with debates from across the humanities, social sciences, and sciences in order to produce a critical account of how data are enmeshed into enormous social, economic, and political changes that are taking place." - Mark Graham, University of Oxford Traditionally, data has been a scarce commodity which, given its value, has been either jealously guarded or expensively traded. In recent years, technological developments and political lobbying have turned this position on its head. Data now flow as a deep and wide torrent, are low in cost and supported by robust infrastructures, and are increasingly open and accessible. A data revolution is underway, one that is already reshaping how knowledge is produced, business conducted, and governance enacted, as well as raising many questions concerning surveillance, privacy, security, profiling, social sorting, and intellectual property rights. In contrast to the hype and hubris of much media and business coverage, The Data Revolution provides a synoptic and critical analysis of the emerging data landscape. Accessible in style, the book provides: A synoptic overview of big data, open data and data infrastructures An introduction to thinking conceptually about data, data infrastructures, data analytics and data markets Acritical discussion of the technical shortcomings and the social, political and ethical consequences of the data revolution An analysis of the implications of the data revolution to academic, business and government practices

Paper Knowledge

Author: Lisa Gitelman
Editor: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822376768
Size: 10,59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Paper Knowledge is a remarkable book about the mundane: the library card, the promissory note, the movie ticket, the PDF (Portable Document Format). It is a media history of the document. Drawing examples from the 1870s, the 1930s, the 1960s, and today, Lisa Gitelman thinks across the media that the document form has come to inhabit over the last 150 years, including letterpress printing, typing and carbon paper, mimeograph, microfilm, offset printing, photocopying, and scanning. Whether examining late nineteenth century commercial, or "job" printing, or the Xerox machine and the role of reproduction in our understanding of the document, Gitelman reveals a keen eye for vernacular uses of technology. She tells nuanced, anecdote-filled stories of the waning of old technologies and the emergence of new. Along the way, she discusses documentary matters such as the relation between twentieth-century technological innovation and the management of paper, and the interdependence of computer programming and documentation. Paper Knowledge is destined to set a new agenda for media studies.

Critical Theory And The Digital

Author: David M. Berry
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1441173609
Size: 20,37 MB
Format: PDF
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This Critical Theory and Contemporary Society volume offers an original analysis of the role of the digital in today's society. It rearticulates critical theory by engaging it with the challenges of the digital revolution to show how the digital is changing the ways in which we lead our politics, societies, economies, media, and even private lives. In particular, the work examines how the enlightenment values embedded within the culture and materiality of digital technology can be used to explain the changes that are occurring across society. Critical Theory and the Digital draws from the critical concepts developed by critical theorists to demonstrate how the digital needs to be understood within a dialectic of potentially democratizing and totalizing technical power. By relating critical theory to aspects of a code-based digital world and the political economy that it leads to, the book introduces the importance of the digital code in the contemporary world to researchers in the field of politics, sociology, globalization and media studies.

Proceedings Of The Annual Meeting

Author: Eastern Academy of Management
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 13,57 MB
Format: PDF
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Annual Review Of Genetics

Author: Herschel L. Roman
Editor: Annual Reviews
ISBN:
Size: 14,36 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 99
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Journal Of Computational And Graphical Statistics

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 16,79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 118
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Teach Yourself Sql In 14 Days

Author: Bryan Morgan
Editor: Sams
ISBN: 9780672308550
Size: 17,28 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 261
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A regimented, day-by-day approach to learning SQL, this tutorial instructs the reader about the fundamentals of SQL programming in 21 days. The 21-day structure provides a logical and easy-to-follow sequence. Handy reference with short examples are provided. Daily lessons, review sections, and clear examples of programming code are included.