Contested Medicine

Author: Gerald Kutcher
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226465330
Size: 10,35 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 932

In the 1960s University of Cincinnati radiologist Eugene Saenger infamously conducted human experiments on patients with advanced cancer to examine how total body radiation could treat the disease. But, under contract with the Department of Defense, Saenger also used those same patients as proxies for soldiers to answer questions about combat effectiveness on a nuclear battlefield. Using the Saenger case as a means to reconsider cold war medical trials, Contested Medicine examines the inherent tensions at the heart of clinical studies of the time. Emphasizing the deeply intertwined and mutually supportive relationship between cancer therapy with radiation and military medicine, Gerald Kutcher explores post–World War II cancer trials, the efforts of the government to manage clinical ethics, and the important role of military investigations in the development of an effective treatment for childhood leukemia. Whereas most histories of human experimentation judge research such as Saenger’s against idealized practices, Contested Medicine eschews such an approach and considers why Saenger’s peers and later critics had so much difficulty reaching an unambiguous ethical assessment. Kutcher’s engaging investigation offers an approach to clinical ethics and research imperatives that lays bare many of the conflicts and tensions of the postwar period.

Encyclopaedia Of Occupational Health And Safety The Body Health Care Management And Policy Tools And Approaches

Author: Jeanne Mager Stellman
Editor: International Labour Organization
ISBN: 9789221098140
Size: 12,59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 396

Revised and expanded, this edition provides comprehensive coverage of occupational health and safety. A new CD-ROM version is available which provides the benefits of computer-assisted search capabilities.

Biological And Medical Aspects Of Electromagnetic Fields

Author: Frank S. Barnes
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 142000946X
Size: 19,66 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 948

Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields examines potential health hazards, exposure standards, and medical applications of electromagnetic (EM) fields. The second volume in the bestselling and newly revisedHandbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Third Edition, this book draws from the latest studies on the effects of exposure to electric and magnetic fields. In addition to extensive reviews of physiological effects, the book contains now separate reviews of behavioral and cognitive responses to various exposures. The book also describes an approach to setting standards for exposure limits and explores a few of the beneficial uses of EM fields in medical applications, both diagnostics and in treatment. Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields provides a practical overview of the experiments and methods used to observe ELF and RF fields and the possible useful and hazardous implications of these observations.

The Impacts Of Natural Disasters

Author: National Research Council
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309184541
Size: 17,34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 431

We in the United States have almost come to accept natural disasters as part of our nation's social fabric. News of property damage, economic and social disruption, and injuries follow earthquakes, fires, floods and hurricanes. Surprisingly, however, the total losses that follow these natural disasters are not consistently calculated. We have no formal system in either the public or private sector for compiling this information. The National Academies recommends what types of data should be assembled and tracked.

Change And Continuity In Poland S Environmental Policy

Author: Andersson
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9401145199
Size: 18,25 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 508

Challenges And Opportunities In Using Residual Newborn Screening Samples For Translational Research

Author: Institute of Medicine
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309159547
Size: 10,73 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 499

Newborn screening samples are used to test more than 4 million infants each year for life-threatening diseases that are treatable if found at birth. These specimens also represent a potentially invaluable resource for public health and biomedical research. The IOM held a workshop to examine issues surrounding the use of residual specimens for translational research.

Product Liability

Author: John S. Allee
Editor: Law Journal Press
ISBN: 9781588520265
Size: 19,20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 435

This book analyzes the theory and practice of products liability litigation, whether the issue is drugs, food, chemicals, or any of the 100s of other products that may be the subject of litigation.

Risk Evaluation And Management

Author: V.T. Covello
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461321034
Size: 12,92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 597

Public attention has focused in recent years on an array of technological risks to health, safety, and the environment. At the same time, responsibilities for technological risk as sessment, evaluation, and management have grown in both the public and private sectors because of a perceived need to anticipate, prevent, or reduce the risks inherent in modem society. In attempting to meet these responsibilities, legislative, judicial, regulatory, and private sector institutions have had to deal with the extraordinarily complex problems of assessing and balancing risks, costs, and benefits. The need to help society cope with technological risks has given rise to a new intellectual endeavor: the social and behavioral study of issues in risk evaluation and risk management. The scope and complexity of these analyses require a high degree of cooperative effort on the part of specialists from many fields. Analyzing social and behavioral issues requires the efforts of political scientists, sociologists, decision analysts, management scientists, econ omists, psychologists, philosophers, and policy analysts, among others.

Products Liability

Author: Jeffrey D. Wittenberg
Editor: ALM
Size: 20,88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 474

This book brings you a collection of cases concerning such products as motorcycles, bicycles, exercise equipment, swimming pools, boats, water skis, and firearms, and discusses the issues raised.

Preventing Deadly Conflict

Author: David A. Hamburg
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788170904
Size: 12,14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 801

Analyzes the current state of violent conflict in the world and lays out a system of international conflict prevention. Three observations form the basis of the report: deadly conflict is not inevitable; the need to prevent such conflict is increasingly urgent; and successful prevention is possible. Inspired by the public health model of disease prevention, the report outlines practical measures to prevent deadly conflict that can be used by governments, internat. org's., non-governmental org's., religious leaders and institutions, the media, and business. For dangerous conditions, the report outlines options for early action to prevent mass violence.