Rethinking Migration

Autore: Alejandro Portes
Editore: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1845455436
Grandezza: 44,50 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 6678

Includes statistical tables.

Japan S Demographic Revival

Autore: Stephen Robert Nagy
Editore: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814678899
Grandezza: 27,89 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 7133

' Japan''s Demographic Revival shifts discussions about employing immigration as the "best" or "sole" solution to assuaging Japan''s demographic quagmire to a more systematic approach that identifies structural, organizational and cultural impediments that contribute to Japan''s (and other countries'') declining demographic situations. This edited volume also sheds light on the plethora of changes required to produce a demographically sustainable Japan. Part One includes chapters explaining the endogenous, ethnocultural and structural obstacles that link ethnocultural understandings of citizenship and nationality. Part Two consists of chapters that provide insight into the societal barriers that exist in Japan to address demographic issues. Part Three shifts its focus away from identifying and analyzing the structural, organizational and cultural factors towards chapters that are policy oriented, linking existing policies as contributing factors behind Japan''s demographic challenge. Contents:Japan''s Demographic Revival: Rethinking Migration, Identity, and Sociocultural NormsStructural and Cultural Barriers to Dealing with Demographic Change:Kyōsei: Cultural Space, Multiculturalism, and the Prospect of a "Post-homogenous" Japan (M G Sheftall)Myths, Beliefs, and Implications of Japan''s Naturalization Policy (Soo im Lee)Identifying and Defining Self in a Changing Japan (David Chapman)Societal Challenges: Gender, Religion, and Incentive:Demographic Change and Migration of Care Workers: State, Care Facilities, and Migrants (Reiko Ogawa)Immigration and Religion: Muslim Immigrants in Japan — Their History, Demographics, and Challenges (Mhamed Biygautane)Demographic Changes and Religion in Japan: A Case Study of Soka Gakkai in Hokkaido (Ka Shing Ng)Nostalgic Migration — Factors Behind Recent Japanese Migration to Shanghai (Reijiro Aoyama)Herbivorous Boys and Predatory Girls: Gender, Consumerism, and Low Birthrate in Japan (Satoshi Ota)Japanese Corporate Culture and Demographic Decline: Tokyo Female Workers'' Views on Career Advancement in the Workplace (Pui Tung Yong & Stephen Robert Nagy)Ways Forward:The Potential Role of Migrant Rights Advocacy in Mitigating Japan''s Demographic Challenges (Ralph I Hosoki)Exclusive Migrant Policies in Comparative Perspective: The Case of the Gulf Cooperation Council States (Kristian Coates Ulrichsen)Immigration Best Practices: Why Pragmatic Immigration Policies are Beneficial for Immigrants and for Japan (Stephen Robert Nagy) Readership: Graduate students and researchers interested in Japanese Studies. Key Features:Identifies structural, organization and cultural impediments that contribute to Japan''s (and other countries'') population predicamentOffers a multidisciplinary, comparative approach investigating the challenges and opportunities for Japan to deal with its demographic conundrumKeywords:Japan;Demography;Citizenship;Immigration;Migration;Gender Policies;Social Integration'

Rethinking Security In The Age Of Migration

Autore: Ali Bilgic
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1136765352
Grandezza: 48,40 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 9365

Migration and especially irregular migration are politically sensitive and highly debated issues in the developed world, particularly in Europe. This book analyses irregular protection-seeking migration in Europe, with close attention to sub-Saharan migration into the EU, from the perspective of emancipatory security theory. Some individuals leave their countries because political, social, and economic structures largely fail to provide protection. This book examines how communities respond to migrants who seek protection and security, where migration is perceived as a source of insecurity by many in that community. The central aim of this critical analysis is to explore ideas and practices which can contribute to replacing the political structures of insecurity with emancipatory structures, where individuals (both irregular migrants and members of the receiving communities) enjoy security together, not opposed to each other. Drawing on the security dilemma, critical approaches to security, forced migration and trust, the book demonstrates how common life between two groups of individuals can be politically constructed, in tandem with limitations, risks, and possible handicaps of initiating such a construction in world politics. Rethinking Security in the Age of Migration will be of interest to students and scholars of migration studies, security studies, international relations, European politics and sociology.

Rethinking Displacement Asia Pacific Perspectives

Autore: Ruchira Ganguly-Scrase
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1317064305
Grandezza: 66,30 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 1924

This book responds to the need to explore the multitude of interconnected factors causing displacements that compel people to move within their homelands or traverse various borders in the contemporary world that is characterised by extensive and rapid movements of people. It addresses this need by bringing together historical and contemporary accounts and critical examinations of the displaced, by articulating the commonalities in their lived experiences. It accomplishes the task of charting a new path in displacement studies by offering a number of studies from interdisciplinary and diverse methodological approaches comprising ethnographic and qualitative research and literary interpretations to emphasise that although the forms and conditions of mobility are highly divergent, individual experiences of displacement and placelessness offer a critical challenge to the artificial categorisations of people's movements. Each chapter adds insights into the different configurations of displacement and placement, and offers fresh interpretations of migration and dislocation in today's rapidly changing world. The contributors critically examine a variety of displacement processes and experiences in the context of war, tourism, neoliberal policies of development, and the impact of various agro-forestry policies. They focus on a range of countries, enabling a thorough comparative analysis in terms of scope and range of examples and methods of analysis. This book makes an original contribution to the growing body of literature on displacement, and will appeal to a wide readership including advanced undergraduates, and graduate students and professors in disciplines such as human geography, development studies, sociology and anthropology, regional studies and comparative impact assessment.

The Bengal Diaspora

Autore: Claire Alexander
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1317335929
Grandezza: 49,22 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 6395

India’s partition in 1947 and the creation of Bangladesh in 1971 saw the displacement and resettling of millions of Muslims and Hindus, resulting in profound transformations across the region. A third of the region’s population sought shelter across new borders, almost all of them resettling in the Bengal delta itself. A similar number were internally displaced, while others moved to the Middle East, North America and Europe. Using a creative interdisciplinary approach combining historical, sociological and anthropological approaches to migration and diaspora this book explores the experiences of Bengali Muslim migrants through this period of upheaval and transformation. It draws on over 200 interviews conducted in Britain, India, and Bangladesh, tracing migration and settlement within, and from, the Bengal delta region in the period after 1947. Focussing on migration and diaspora ‘from below’, it teases out fascinating ‘hidden’ migrant stories, including those of women, refugees, and displaced people. It reveals surprising similarities, and important differences, in the experience of Muslim migrants in widely different contexts and places, whether in the towns and hamlets of Bengal delta, or in the cities of Britain. Counter-posing accounts of the structures that frame migration with the textures of how migrants shape their own movement, it examines what it means to make new homes in a context of diaspora. The book is also unique in its focus on the experiences of those who stayed behind, and in its analysis of ruptures in the migration process. Importantly, the book seeks to challenge crude attitudes to ‘Muslim’ migrants, which assume their cultural and religious homogeneity, and to humanize contemporary discourses around global migration. This ground-breaking new research offers an essential contribution to the field of South Asian Studies, Diaspora Studies, and Society and Culture Studies.

Rethinking Empowerment

Autore: Jane L. Parpart
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1134472110
Grandezza: 40,47 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 1946

Rethinking Empowerment looks at the changing role of women in developing countries and calls for a new approach to empowerment. An approach that adopts a more nuanced, feminist interpretation of power and em(power)ment, recognises that local empowerment is always embedded in regional, national and global contexts, pays attention to institutional structures and politics and acknowledges that empowerment is both a process and an outcome. Moreover, the book warns that an obsession with measurement rather than process can undermine efforts to foster transformative and empowering outcomes. It concludes that power must be restored as the centrepiece of empowerment. Only then will the term and its advocates provide meaningful ammunition for dealing with the challenges of an increasingly unequal, and often sexist, global/local world.

The Great Migration In Historical Perspective

Autore: Joe William Trotter
Editore: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253206695
Grandezza: 77,52 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 4075

"The essays collected in this book represent the best of our present understanding of the African-American migration which began in the early twentieth century." --Southern Historian "As an overview of a field in transition, this is a valuable and deeply thought-provoking anthology." --Pennsylvania History " . . . provocative and informative . . . " --Louisiana History "The papers themselves are uniformly strong, and read together cast interesting light upon one another." --Georgia Historical Quarterly " . . . well-written and insightful essays . . . " --Journal of American History "This well-researched and well-documented collection represents the latest scholarship on the black migration." --Illinois Historical Journal " . . . an impressive balance of theory and historical content . . . " --Indiana Magazine of History Legions of black Americans left the South to migrate to the jobs of the North, from the meat-packing plants of Chicago to the shipyards of Richmond, California. These essays analyze the role of African Americans in shaping their own geographical movement, emphasizing the role of black kin, friend, and communal network. Contributors include Darlene Clark Hine, Peter Gottlieb, James R. Grossman, Earl Lewis, Shirley Ann Moore, and Joe William Trotter, Jr.

Handbook On Critical Geographies Of Migration

Autore: Katharyne Mitchell
Editore: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1786436035
Grandezza: 79,91 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 5600

Border walls, shipwrecks in the Mediterranean, separated families at the border, island detention camps: migration is at the centre of contemporary political and academic debates. This ground-breaking Handbook offers an exciting and original analysis of critical research on themes such as these, drawing on cutting-edge theories from an interdisciplinary and international group of leading scholars. With a focus on spatial analysis and geographical context, this volume highlights a range of theoretical, methodological and regional approaches to migration research, while remaining attuned to the underlying politics that bring critical scholars together.

Rethinking Professional Governance

Autore: Kuhlmann, Ellen
Editore: Policy Press
ISBN: 9781861349569
Grandezza: 73,43 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 636

In bringing together research from a wide range of continental European countries as well as the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia, the contributors to this text highlight different areas of governance, as well as the various players involved in the policy process.

Rethinking Social Work In A Global World

Autore: Gai Harrison
Editore: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137178442
Grandezza: 36,33 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 6180

If we are to fully understand the impact of local concerns on social work, we have to consider these in a global context. Rethinking Social Work in a Global World provides the key to better understanding. It critically examines the relationship between the global and the local in light of a range of social issues and shows how such analysis can assist in improving social work practice. Incorporating the views of practitioners and analysing students perceptions of global issues, the authors: ■ draw on a range of theoretical disciplines and traditions, including postcolonialism, sociology, cultural studies and political science; ■ explore contemporary global issues such as the environment, new information and communications technology and the global mental health movement; ■ examine the implications of adopting global notions of citizenship for social work, in a postcolonial era; and ■ provide discussion points to ground the above ideas in a local context, to better inform everyday practice. This timely text is essential reading for practitioners, students and academics across a range of disciplines that incorporate global concerns, including social work, social policy, social welfare and community care.

Rethinking Border Control For A Globalizing World

Autore: Leanne Weber
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1134615884
Grandezza: 64,79 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 7447

This book provides a new point of departure for thinking critically and creatively about international borders and the perceived need to defend them, adopting an innovative ‘preferred future’ methodology. The authors critically examine a range of ‘border domains’ including law, citizenship, governance, morality, security, economy, culture and civil society, which provide the means and justification for contemporary border controls, and identify early signs that the dynamics of sovereignty and borders are being fundamentally transformed under conditions of neoliberal globalization. The goal is to locate potential pathways towards the preferred future of relaxed borders, and provide a foundation for a progressive politics dedicated to moving beyond mere critique of the harm and inequity of border controls and capable of envisaging a differently bordered world. This book will be of considerable interest to students of border studies, migration, criminology, peacemaking, critical security studies and IR in general.

Rethinking International Skilled Migration

Autore: Micheline van Riemsdijk
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1317420764
Grandezza: 57,64 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 4567

In today’s global knowledge economy, competition for the best and brightest workers has intensified. Highly skilled workers are an asset to companies, knowledge institutions, cities, and regions as they contribute to knowledge creation, innovation, and economic growth and development. Skilled migrants cross, and many times straddle, international borders to pursue professional opportunities. These spatial relocations provide opportunities and challenges for migrants and the cities and regions they inhabit. How have international skilled migratory flows been formed, sustained, and transformed over multiple spaces and scales? How have these processes affected cities and regions? And how have multiple stakeholders responded to these processes? The contributors to this book bring together perspectives from economic, social, urban, and population geography in order to address these questions from a myriad of angles. Empirical case studies from different regions illuminate the multiscaled processes of international skilled migration. In particular, the contributions rethink skilled migration theories and provide insights into: the experiences of highly skilled labor migrants and international students; issues related to transnational activities and return migration; and policy implications for both immigrant source and destination countries. It also charts a future research agenda for international skilled migration research. Rethinking International Skilled Migration provides a comparative perspective on the experiences of skilled migrants across the local, regional, national, and/or global scale, paying particular attention to spatial and place-based dimensions of international skilled migration. It will be of interest to scholars and professionals in international migration, regional and national development policymakers, international businesses, and NGOs.

New Perspectives On International Migration And Development

Autore: Jeronimo Cortina
Editore: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231527497
Grandezza: 22,59 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 3759

With contributions from leading scholars in international development, economics, political science, and sociology, this collection draws attention to migration's developmental impacts on sending and receiving societies. Through current case studies, contributors examine the interplay among migration, development, culture, family reunification, human rights, and government, all with the aim of advancing more effective solutions to international migration issues. The volume's multidisciplinary perspective combines theoretical discussions with empirical applications, appealing to both academics and policymakers eager to maximize migration's developmental impacts. The collection begins with a discussion detailing when and why migration promotes growth and what kind of indicators beyond GDP should be considered. Challenging a number of misconceptions, such as the assumption that redressing poverty and alleviating underdevelopment in immigrant communities are solely economic pursuits, contributors acknowledge the inherent cultural dimension in the migration–development debate and define the contours of a research program that systematically and comparatively weighs the cultural dynamics of development and migration. They also emphasize the role of human rights in reinforcing positive developmental outcomes, how traditional social roles and its developmental impacts are reshaped by the international migration of women and children, and international migration's developmental impacts within specific geographic regions.

The International Handbook On Gender Migration And Transnationalism

Autore: Laura Oso
Editore: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781951470
Grandezza: 75,29 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 6811

The highly unique International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism represents a state-of-the-art review of the critical importance of the links between gender and migration in a globalizing world. It draws on original, largely field-based contributions by authors across a range of disciplinary provenances worldwide. This unprecedented and ambitious Handbook addresses core debates on issues of gender, migration, transnationalism and development from a migrationdevelopment nexus. Using an analytical approach, it explores the influence of global changes namely the analysis of transnational migration flows from the perspective of the articulation of production and reproduction chains. Particular attention is paid to so-called global care chains with new models developed around the emerging trends played out by women in contemporary mobility flows. This path-breaking Handbook will provide a thought-provoking read for a multidisciplinary audience of academics, researchers and students of social science disciplines encompassing: economics, sociology, geography, demography, political science and political sociology, migration studies, family and gender studies and labour markets. The Handbook will also be of major interest to and importance for local and national governments, international agencies and their policymakers and administrators.

Rethinking Unequal Exchange

Autore: Salimah Valiani
Editore: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442643668
Grandezza: 10,15 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 5210

Using a world historical approach, Valiani demonstrates that though nursing and other caring labour is essential to human, social, and economic development, the exploitation of care workers is escalating.

Rethinking Transnationalism

Autore: Ludger Pries
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1134033990
Grandezza: 60,71 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 5257

During the last two decades transnationalism has become an important conceptual approach and research programme. However, the term has steadily become vague and indistinct underlining the need for conceptual précising as well as more defined empirical research. Rethinking Transnationalism does this in two ways. On one hand it presents theoretical contributions to the transnationalism approach and, on the other hand, it offers empirical studies in the field of the transnationalization of organizations. The book integrates outstanding international scholars of transnationalism and migration studies with specialists from a broad variety of disciplines that apply the transnationalism approach to different organizations such as NGOs, feminist networks, educational spaces and European Works Councils. Presenting an overview of transnationalism and the surrounding debates, this interdisciplinary volume will be of interest to students and scholars of Politics, International Relations, Sociology, Anthropology, Educational Sciences, Migration and Geography.

Rethinking Labour In Africa Past And Present

Autore: Lynn Schler
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1317986318
Grandezza: 64,34 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 3321

This book offers a broad range of perspectives on major transformations in the research of labor in Africa contexts over the last twenty years. This is a groundbreaking work by social scientists and historians; adopting innovative paradigms in the study of African laborers, working classes and economies, it moves away from stringent Marxist perspectives towards more localized and fluid conceptions of materiality and productivity. Against the backdrop of increasing mobility of labor and capital, the authors demonstrate the need for a simultaneous consideration of local, national and transnational contexts. The collection of essays provides multiple perspectives on how African workers have negotiated changes and exploited opportunities in increasingly globalized workplaces, while at the same time confronting the impact of global capitalist expansion on local settings in Africa. This book was previously published as a Special Issue of African Identities.

Rethinking Research On Land Degradation In Developing Countries

Autore: Yvan Biot
Editore: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821333297
Grandezza: 45,78 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 2048

World Bank Technical Paper No. 280. Addresses the need to improve the administration of justice in Latin America and the Caribbean and provides effective strategies for reform. Judicial reform is a new area of interest for the World Bank. This book addresses the need to improve the administration of justice in Latin America and the Caribbean and provides effective strategies for reform. The report combines the experiences of more than 20 countries in their effort to enhance the quality and efficiency of their judicial systems. The authors highlight the importance of the judiciary in economic development, with a particular focus on court administration, the judicial institutional framework, alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, procedural reforms, access to justice, and the role of the legal profession.

Rethinking Diasporas

Autore: Aoileann Ní Éigeartaigh
Editore: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443802492
Grandezza: 24,38 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 1116

Central to the aim of both this book is to rethink the concept of diaspora as it is used both academically and popularly at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It seeks to interrogate the notion of “diaspora” in an interdisciplinary way, and to explore the contradictions inherent in contemporary notions of place and identity. It presents explorations of both “traditional” diasporas, such as the Irish community in the United States and in Great Britain, as well as recently established diasporas being formed through new patterns of migration and resettlement. Traditional conceptions of diaspora focused on forced exile from the homeland and the adoption of conscious strategies of integration upon arrival in the new land. In the past, it was assumed that migrants would rapidly assimilate into their receiving societies. Alternatively, migrant workers were regarded by themselves and their host societies as “sojourners”: they were not expected to integrate precisely because their alien presence was perceived to be temporary. Two poles then framed the traditional interpretation of migration and settlement. On the one hand, migrants assimilated rapidly; on the other, migrants were temporarily in the host-land. Yet, the realisation both that the melting pot is a myth and that migrant workers do not, in the main, go home, has forced an increasing acceptance of ethnic diversity. This, combined with ongoing improvements in travel and communications technologies, facilitates today’s migrants in maintaining links with their home countries. The increased visibility of transnational ethnic communities and a resurgence in labour migration in the twenty-first century, have stimulated academic interest in both contemporary diasporas and in recovering the hidden narratives of earlier global migrations. The renewed interest in the formation and narrative of diasporas is evident across a range of disciplines. Moreover, the meaningful exploration of any aspect of the humanities and social sciences requires an inter-disciplinary approach. Thus is the aim of this volume. Contributors approach the issue of diaspora from a variety of academic backgrounds: sociology, politics, history, literature and the visual arts. Concomitantly, data sources are diverse, with contributors drawing on official government publications, literary sources and personal memoirs, paintings and photographs, popular culture and personal interviews. This diversity of data sources indicates the multifarious approaches to the exploration diaspora. More importantly, it highlights the critical role played by unofficial, and often hidden, narratives in representing the experiences of those who find themselves, through a variety of political, social and economic factors, displaced. "This edited collection is a timely and precocious answer to a gap in the literature of identities and nationhood. It is a response to the new challenges and opportunities facing diasporic communities and, what is more, sets out key pointers for rethinking diaspora in the twenty-first century. At a time when western states are facing the need to re-evaluate traditional responses to ethnic difference arising from migration in the mid-twentieth century, this book posits an important perspective on the multiculturalism debate. Contrary to previous political and scholarly assumptions, this book shows that the children and grandchildren of immigrants can continue to have an ambiguous relationship to the state in which they were born in part because of the very nature of diaspora. The enduringly complex and sometimes volatile insider/outsider relationship is explored in these chapters through analysis of various narratives, in textual, spoken and visual forms. Analysis of such ‘hidden narratives’ reveals that the meaning and pertinence of membership of a diasporic community is defined as much by the context of the host country as by the discourses of the homeland. Across their various sources and case studies, the authors demonstrate the power of the juncture between dominant national discourses of the host state and the identity of its immigrants. Each author notes how different the diasporic community in question would be – not to mention the impact on its relationship to the host state and the homeland – if some of narratives hidden over time were to be reclaimed. As one author puts it, flux in elements of identity-formation in postmodern society represents a chance to ‘engage in dialogue with our own diversity’. In constructing a coherent volume from such a diverse range of cases and disciplines, the editors successfully demonstrate the wide validity of their case for ‘rethinking diasporas’. Nonetheless, the specific origins of this book – a conference held in a border town in Ireland – are, it may be argued, uniquely significant. For the current process of change in Irish national identity is inseparable from central features of diaspora-formation that the authors highlight, including economic pressures. Moreover, just as the town of Dundalk has historically felt the effects of its proximity to Northern Ireland, so the ‘imagined borders’ of diaspora explored in this book are shown to be all the more powerful for the fact that their delineation is contested." —Katy Hayward (Institute for British-Irish Studies, UCD

Transforming America Perspectives On U S Immigration 3 Volumes

Autore: Michael C. LeMay
Editore: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313396442
Grandezza: 11,49 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 5473

Utilizing multiple perspectives of related academic disciplines, this three-volume set of contributed essays enables readers to understand the complexity of immigration to the United States and grasp how our history of immigration has made this nation what it is today.