Reviews In Plasmonics 2015

Author: Chris D. Geddes
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319246062
File Size: 51,81 MB
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Reviews in Plasmonics 2015, the second volume of the new book series from Springer, serves as a comprehensive collection of current trends and emerging hot topics in the field of Plasmonics and closely related disciplines. It summarizes the year’s progress in surface plasmon phenomena and its applications, with authoritative analytical reviews in sufficient detail to be attractive to professional researchers, yet also appealing to the wider audience of scientists in related disciplines of Plasmonics. Reviews in Plasmonics offers an essential source of reference material for any lab working in the Plasmonics field and related areas. All academics, bench scientists, and industry professionals wishing to take advantage of the latest and greatest in the continuously emerging field of Plasmonics will find it an invaluable resource.

Reviews In Plasmonics 2016

Author: Chris D. Geddes
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319480812
File Size: 67,20 MB
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Reviews in Plasmonics 2016, the third volume of the new book series from Springer, serves as a comprehensive collection of current trends and emerging hot topics in the field of Plasmonics and closely related disciplines. It summarizes the year’s progress in surface plasmon phenomena and its applications, with authoritative analytical reviews in sufficient detail to be attractive to professional researchers, yet also appealing to the wider audience of scientists in related disciplines of Plasmonics. Reviews in Plasmonics offers an essential source of reference material for any lab working in the Plasmonics field and related areas. All academics, bench scientists, and industry professionals wishing to take advantage of the latest and greatest in the continuously emerging field of Plasmonics will find it an invaluable resource.

Plasmonic Effects In Metal Semiconductor Nanostructures

Author: Alexey A. Toropov
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199699313
File Size: 27,18 MB
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Metal-semiconductor nanostructures represent an important new class of materials employed in designing advanced optoelectronic and nanophotonic devices, such as plasmonic nanolasers, plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes and solar cells, plasmonic emitters of single photons, and quantum devices operating in infrared and terahertz domains. The combination of surface plasmon resonances in conducting structures, providing strong concentration of an electromagnetic optical field nearby, with sharp optical resonances in semiconductors, which are highly sensitive to external electromagnetic fields, creates a platform to control light on the nanoscale. The design of the composite metal-semiconductor system imposes the consideration of both the plasmonic resonances in metal and the optical transitions in semiconductors - a key issue being their resonant interaction providing a coupling regime. In this book the reader will find descriptions of electrodynamics of conducting structures, quantum physics of semiconductor nanostructures, and guidelines for advanced engineering of metal-semiconductor composites. These constituents form together the physical basics of the metal-semiconductor plasmonics, underlying many effective practical applications. The list of covered topics also includes the review of recent results, such as the achievement of a strong coupling regime, and the preservation of non-classical statistics of photons in plasmonic cavities combined with semiconductor nanostructures.

Basics Of Quantum Plasmonics

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Abstract: The present work is a topical review of the theoretical research on the quantum theory of plasmons and plasmon–photon interaction. The plasmons are defined as the quanta of the quantized plasmonic field. The corresponding classical plasmonic field was constructed on the basis of the study of collective oscillations of the electron gas in the solid. The electron–electron Coulomb interaction is taken into account. The explicit forms of the plasmon–photon interaction Lagrangian in canonical quantum mechanics and the plasmon–photon interaction action functional in the functional integral approach are derived. They all show that the interaction processes are nonlocal ones. The physical origin of the nonlocality is the complex structure of plasmons as composite quasiparticles: they cannot be considered as point particles, as was assumed in all phenomenological theories.

Sensing Using Plasmonic Nanostructures And Nanoparticles

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Abstract: Nanoparticles are widely used in various fields of science and technology as well as in everyday life. In particular, gold and silver nanoparticles display unique optical properties that render them extremely attractive for various applications. In this review, we focus on the use of noble metal nanoparticles as plasmonic nanosensors with extremely high sensitivity, even reaching single molecule detection. Sensors based on plasmon resonance shifts, as well as the use of surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced fluorescence, will be considered in this work.

Modified Au Based Nanomaterials Studied By Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy

Author: Aída Serrano Rubio
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 331919402X
File Size: 22,54 MB
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This work pursues a novel route to functionalizing large surfaces with hybrid nanoparticles. It also casts new light on the combined use of surface plasmon resonance and X-rays. SPR spectroscopy is employed to study Au-based plasmonic nanostructures fabricated by novel methods, and a new experimental device is developed combining SPR with X-ray absorption spectroscopy at a synchrotron beamline. Using the new SPR-XAS setup developed in this work, the author has studied in-situ and real-time effects of X-ray irradiation in materials such as glasses and Co-phthalocyanines.

Plasmonic Enhancement Of Light Trapping Into Organic Solar Cells

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File Size: 31,58 MB
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Abstract: The present work is devoted to the review of the methods to improve light trapping into polymer solar cells. After a discussion on the important role of the improvement of the light-trapping technique in the fabrication of solar cells by applying the plasmonic enhancement effect, we review the results of the study on this topic, which were obtained mainly during recent years. The light-trapping nanostructures usually comprised the following basic elements: antireflection coating, randomly distributed or symmetric–periodic monolayers of metallic spherical nanoparticles (NPs), metallic NPs with different shapes, spherical NPs with core–shell structure, nanovoids, plasmonic metallic grating, grating organic active layer, grating indium tin oxide (ITO) layer, dielectric grating, photonic structure, and plasmonic cavity with subwavelength hole array. Each light-trapping nanostructure may use either one or two of the above-mentioned basic elements.

Signals And Systems

Author: Matthew N. O. Sadiku
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1138026816
File Size: 29,76 MB
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Plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) represent an outstanding class of nanomaterials that have the capability to localize light at the nanoscale by exploiting a phenomenon called "localized plasmon resonance." This book reviews recent efforts devoted to the utilization of NPs in many research fields, such as photonics, optics, and plasmonics. In this framework, a particular interest is devoted to "active plasmonics," a quite broad concept that indicates those applications in which NPs play an "active" role, such as the realization of gain-assisted means, utilization of NPs embedded in liquid crystalline and flexible materials, and exploitation of renewable solar energy. The book puts together contributions from outstanding international research groups in the field of plasmonic nanomaterials.

Enhancing Organic Solar Cells With Plasmonic Nanomaterials

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File Size: 64,71 MB
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Abstract: Plasmonic nanomaterials may offer promising routes to address the intrinsic performance limitations of conventional organic solar cells. Specifically, plasmonic materials have been widely exploited for the effective promotion of photon absorption in the organic active layers. For the further progress of plasmonic enhancement of organic solar cells, hybrid nanostructures integrating more than two different components are highly necessary for tailoring the outstanding optical and other relevant properties. In this Focus Review article, we highlight recent research on the synergistic benefits from plasmonic hybrid nanostructures, such as multimetal nanoparticles, clustered metal nanoparticles, and carbon–metal nanohybrids for desirable charge generation and charge transport/collection in organic solar cells. Abstract : Plasmonic nanomaterials are ideal additives to address the intrinsic performance limitations of conventional organic solar cells. This Focus Review article highlights the present research progress in plasmonic nanohybrid structures in terms of their ideal hybrid design, synthetic methods, and optical and electrical properties for the eventual goal of synergistic device performance enhancements.

Photonics Plasmonics And Information Optics

Author: Arpan Deyasi
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000366936
File Size: 51,25 MB
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This edited volume covers technological developments and current research trends in the field of photonics, plasmonics and optics, focusing on photonic crystals, semiconductor optical devices, optical communications and optical sensors, with an emphasis on practical sectors. It broadly contains the latest research domains contributed by experts and researchers in their respective fields with a major focus on the basic physics. Works in the area of electromagnetic bandgap structures (EBG) and metasurfaces are included for applications in different aspects of communications systems. Further, it covers research phenomena of microwave photonic devices to develop miniaturized high-frequency devices. FEATURES Reviews nonlinear optical phenomena related with materials and crystals and plasmonic effects on device fabrications Contains a detailed analysis on photonic crystals with their applications in making all-optical passive components Focusses on nonlinear optics, more precisely on crystals and materials, and computational aspects on evaluating their properties from Maxwell’s equations Presents an extensive study on the physics of EBG structures for application in antenna and high-frequency communications Includes metamaterials and metasurfaces for applications in photonics as well as in microwave engineering for high-frequency communication systems Photonics, Plasmonics and Information Optics: Research and Technological Advances is aimed at researchers, professionals and graduate students in optical communication, silicon photonics, photonic crystals, semiconductor optical devices, metamaterials and metasurfaces, and microwave photonics.

Plasmonic Quasicrystals

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Abstract: Plasmonic quasicrystals consisting of quasi-periodic metal–dielectric patterns offer several advantages compared to the periodic patterns or plasmonic crystals. This paper reviews the present status in theoretical design, modeling, fabrication and basic and applied results on plasmonic quasicrystals. In addition to the current status, possible future prospects of plasmonic quasicrystals are also discussed.

Chiral Nanophotonics

Author: Martin Schäferling
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319422642
File Size: 51,11 MB
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This book describes the physics behind the optical properties of plasmonic nanostructures focusing on chiral aspects. It explains in detail how the geometry determines chiral near-fields and how to tailor their shape and strength. Electromagnetic fields with strong optical chirality interact strongly with chiral molecules and, therefore, can be used for enhancing the sensitivity of chiroptical spectroscopy techniques. Besides a short review of the latest results in the field of plasmonically enhanced enantiomer discrimination, this book introduces the concept of chiral plasmonic near-field sources for enhanced chiroptical spectroscopy. The discussion of the fundamental properties of these light sources provides the theoretical basis for further optimizations and is of interest for researchers at the intersection of nano-optics, plasmonics and stereochemistry.

Handbook Of Enhanced Spectroscopy

Author: Marc Lamy de la Chapelle
Editor: Pan Stanford
ISBN: 9789814613323
File Size: 21,54 MB
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Techniques such as Raman, infrared, fluorescence, and even nonlinear spectroscopies have recently grown in resolution and possibilities thanks to the use of nanostructured surfaces. The excitation of localized surface plasmon and the use of specific shapes of nanostructures have made it possible to gain an incredible sensitivity in these spectroscopic techniques. This book provides the reader with an overview of enhanced spectroscopies. Following an introduction to plasmon and electromagnetic effects arising in metallic nanostructures, it reviews the spectroscopic techniques enhanced by the presence of either a nanostructure or a tip.

Recent Trends In Materials And Devices

Author: Vinod Kumar Jain
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319290967
File Size: 48,84 MB
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This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Trends in Materials and Devices, which was conceived as a major contribution to large-scale efforts to foster Indian research and development in the field in close collaboration with the community of non-resident Indian researchers from all over the world. The research articles collected in this volume - selected from among the submissions for their intrinsic quality and originality, as well as for their potential value for further collaborations - document and report on a wide range of recent and significant results for various applications and scientific developments in the areas of Materials and Devices. The technical sessions covered include photovoltaics and energy storage, semiconductor materials and devices, sensors, smart and polymeric materials, optoelectronics, nanotechnology and nanomaterials, MEMS and NEMS, as well as emerging technologies.

Nanomaterials And Nanoarchitectures

Author: M. Bardosova
Editor:
ISBN: 9789401799225
File Size: 35,49 MB
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The current work consists of nine contributions describing recent progress in the interdisciplinary of Nanoscience, which involves physics, chemistry, engineering, biology and medicine and one essay outlining some important historical and socioeconomic factors pertaining to recent developments in nanoscale science and technology. All 10 chapters have been written by eminent experts in their respective fields. The authors employ the terms 'nanomaterials' as building blocks of a range of materials, 'nanoarchitecture' represents the design and 'nanotechnology' the means to produce a particular device or functionality. Two of the chapters are devoted to novel materials and two others focus on analyzing techniques, which can be used to enable molecular control of the film architecture. Additionally, the reader will find material devoted to photonic and hybrid plasmonic-photonic crystals as well as sections which address their applications, such as the use of plasmonic particles and nanostructures for new sensing concepts and ultrasensitive detection techniques. This work will be of interest to graduate students, researchers and practitioners alike.

Wave Optics

Author: Subhasish Dutta Gupta
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482237741
File Size: 63,79 MB
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Wave Optics: Basic Concepts and Contemporary Trends combines classical optics with some of the latest developments in the field to provide readers with an appreciation and understanding of advanced research topics. Requiring only a basic knowledge of electromagnetic theory and mathematics, this book: Covers the fundamentals of wave optics, such as oscillations, scalar and vector waves, reflection and refraction, polarization, interference and diffraction, and rays and beams Focuses on concepts related to advances in negative materials and superresolution, reflectionless potentials, plasmonics, spin-orbit interaction, optical tweezers, Pendry lensing, and more Includes MATLAB® codes for specific research problems, offering readers a behind-the-scenes look at the computational practices as well as an opportunity to extend the research Drawing parallels with corresponding quantum problems whenever possible to broaden the horizon and outlook, Wave Optics: Basic Concepts and Contemporary Trends gives readers a taste of what is happening in modern optics today and shows why wave optics remains one of the most interesting and challenging areas of physics.

Iyl 2015 Challenges For Electrical Engineers In Nanophotonics

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ABSTRACT: Declaration of 2015 as the International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies inspired many workers who are involved in some way in the development of new applications of light. This article attempts to spread the awareness about the challenges for electrical engineers in the field of nanophotonics, currently at the center of intense activities. We have chosen four areas of nanophotonics, which can be explored using electromagnetic principles and methods: Plasmonics, Superlens, Optical Antenna and Transformation Optics. No attempt is made to review the work done in these areas and the emphasis is on the concepts that can be appreciated and absorbed by the electrical engineers.

Diffractive Optics And Nanophotonics

Author: Igor Minin
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319242539
File Size: 31,18 MB
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In this book the authors present several examples of techniques used to overcome the Abby diffraction limit using flat and 3D diffractive optical elements, photonic crystal lenses, photonic jets, and surface plasmon diffractive optics. The structures discussed can be used in the microwave and THz range and also as scaled models for optical frequencies. Such nano-optical microlenses can be integrated, for example, into existing semiconductor heterostructure platforms for next-generation optoelectronic applications. Chapter 1 considers flat diffractive lenses and innovative 3D radiating structures including a conical millimeter-wave Fresnel zone plate (FZP) lens proposed for subwavelength focusing. In chapter 2 the subwavelength focusing properties of diffractive photonic crystal lenses are considered and it is shown that at least three different types of photonic crystal lens are possible. With the aim of achieving subwavelength focusing, in chapter 3 an alternative mechanism to produce photonic jets at Terahertz frequencies (terajets) using 3D dielectric particles of arbitrary size (cuboids) is considered. A scheme to create a 2D “teraknife” using dielectric rods is also discussed. In the final chapter the successful adaptation of free-space 3D binary phase-reversal conical FZPs for operation on surface plasmon-polariton (SPP) waves demonstrates that analogues of Fourier diffractive components can be developed for in-plane SPP 3D optics. Review ing theory, modelling and experiment, this book will be a valuable resource for students and researchers working on nanophotonics and sub-wavelength focusing and imaging.

Photodetectors

Author: Bahram Nabet
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782424687
File Size: 35,85 MB
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Photodetectors: Materials, Devices and Applications discusses the devices that convert light to electrical signals, key components in communication, computation, and imaging systems. In recent years, there has been significant improvement in photodetector performance, and this important book reviews some of the key advances in the field. Part one covers materials, detector types, and devices, and includes discussion of silicon photonics, detectors based on reduced dimensional charge systems, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanowires, low-temperature grown gallium arsenide, plasmonic, Si photomultiplier tubes, and organic photodetectors, while part two focuses on important applications of photodetectors, including microwave photonics, communications, high-speed single photon detection, THz detection, resonant cavity enhanced photodetection, photo-capacitors and imaging. Reviews materials, detector types and devices Addresses fabrication techniques, and the advantages and limitations and different types of photodetector Considers a range of application for this important technology Includes discussions of silicon photonics, detectors based on reduced dimensional charge systems, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanowires, and more

Advanced Materials And Engineering Materials Viii

Author: Peng Sheng Wei
Editor: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
ISBN: 3035734887
File Size: 68,89 MB
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This volume of the journal contains papers from the 8th International Conference on Advanced Materials and Engineering Materials, (ICAMEM 2019, April 18-19, 2019, Hong Kong, China) and presents readers research results in the field of applied materials, advanced materials processing technologies and chemical production.