Science And Public Affairs

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Scientists And Public Affairs

Author: Albert H. Teich
Editor: Mit Press
ISBN:
File Size: 52,35 MB
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The relationship between scientists and government, both in the United States and in Europe, has become increasingly symbiotic in the years since World War II. Government grants, socialized medicine, and technologically sophisticated defense systems are only a few of the ways in which politics and science find themselves intertwined. This volume is a collection of original papers dealing with some of the several important aspects of scientists in the public sector. The first chapter, "Private Government and Professional Science" by Daniel Rich, with a foreword by Harvey M. Sapolsky, deals with the organization and functions of professional scientific associations. Rich sees these societies as private governments, providing institutional services and regulating the behavior of their members. Using this frame of reference, he explores the relationships of these societies to one another and to public government. Eugene Skolnikoff introduces Chapter 2, "American Scientists and the ABM: A Case Study in Controversy" by Anne Hessing Cahn, in which she examines the role of the scientists in a recent political controversy through interviews with 122 scientists active in the ABM issue. Chapter 3, "The Associational Interest Groups of American Science" by David Nichols, with a foreword by Robert C. Wood, discusses the range of political interest groups from "establishment" to "radical" existing within the American scientific community. The political attitudes of 320 scientists and engineers from Europe's three largest international laboratories (CERN, ESTEC, and EURATOM/ISPRA) are studied in Chapter 4, "Politics and International Laboratories: A Study of Scientists' Attitudes" by Albert H. Teich, with a foreword by I. I. Rabi. Finally, Chapter 5, "The Politics of Cybernetics in the Soviet Union" by R. David Gillespie, with a foreword by Daniel Lerner, examines the controversy over adoption of this technology in the post-Stalin era. A postface by Eugene B. Skolnikoff, "Science and Public Policy: A View from MIT," traces the history of MIT's program in science and public policy, from which all of the studies in this book emerged. Those interested in either political science or scientific politics will find this a valuable resource.

Radioactive Malevolence

Author: L. Douglas DeNike
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File Size: 67,82 MB
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Science Technology And Public Policy Books Monographs Government Documents And Whole Issues Of Journals

Author: Lynton Keith Caldwell
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File Size: 65,23 MB
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Science Technology And Public Policy Books Monographs Documents And Articles In Journals 1968 Through 1970

Author: Lynton Keith Caldwell
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ISBN:
File Size: 68,27 MB
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Science Public Policy And The Scientist Administrator

Author: National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Committee on Staff-Traing-Extramural Programs
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File Size: 47,80 MB
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The Science Of Public Policy Evolution Of Policy Sciences Pt 1

Author: Tadao Miyakawa
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415195942
File Size: 46,40 MB
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Canadian Annual Review Of Politics And Public Affairs 1995

Author: David Leyton-Brown
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802036735
File Size: 74,62 MB
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Featuring essays on parliament and politics, Ottawa and the provinces, and external affairs, the Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs provides a comprehensive account of the year's events.

Behavioral Science And Public Policy

Author: Cass R. Sunstein
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108972789
File Size: 30,17 MB
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Behavioral science is playing an increasing role in public policy, and it is raising new questions about fundamental issues - the role of government, freedom of choice, paternalism, and human welfare. In diverse nations, public officials are using behavioral findings to combat serious problems - poverty, air pollution, highway safety, COVID-19, discrimination, employment, climate change, and occupational health. Exploring theory and practice, this Element attempts to provide one-stop shopping for those who are new to the area and for those who are familiar with it. With reference to nudges, taxes, mandates, and bans, it offers concrete examples of behaviorally informed policies. It also engages the fundamental questions, include the proper analysis of human welfare in light of behavioral findings. It offers a plea for respecting freedom of choice - so long as people's choices are adequately informed and free from behavioral biases.

The Science Of Public Policy

Author: Tadao Miyakawa
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415231954
File Size: 51,67 MB
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Science Technology And Public Policy Articles In Journals

Author: Lynton Keith Caldwell
Editor:
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File Size: 23,25 MB
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Science For Public Policy

Author: H. Brooks
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483286606
File Size: 31,14 MB
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Since World War II, national and international policy makers have been confronted by a growing number of complex problems the resolution of which hangs, to a significant degree, on scientific knowledge or technical insights. This puts a premium on the quality and clarity of scientific/technical advice they receive. From their vantage points as scientists, policy makers or science advisors from both East and West, the authors of this book examine the issues involved in science for public policy and explore ways to improve the quality and timeliness of the scientific advice available to decision makers. Environmental problems provide much of the focus for the analysis.

Index Of Nlm Serial Titles

Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Editor:
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A keyword listing of serial titles currently received by the National Library of Medicine.

Public Administration And Public Affairs

Author: Nicholas Henry
Editor: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780132222976
File Size: 20,51 MB
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Canadian Annual Review Of Politics And Public Affairs 1993

Author: David Leyton-Brown
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802047014
File Size: 14,14 MB
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Featuring essays on parliament and politics, Ottawa and the provinces, and external affairs, the Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs provides a comprehensive account of the year's events.

Public Affairs And Democratic Ideals

Author: Curtis Ventriss
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438481268
File Size: 35,88 MB
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Argues for refocusing attention on publicness and the critical exploration of underlying assumptions that are foundational to the study and practice of public affairs. We live in an era where many citizens feel increasingly uncertain about their futures, having to deal with stagnant wages, globalization, and wealth and income inequality, while, at the same time, policymakers appear unable or unwilling to reach any viable policy consensus on a wide range of major issues. Public Affairs and Democratic Ideals addresses these vexing conditions and the challenge they pose for public management and administration. Curtis Ventriss argues for reordering intellectual and policy priorities with a focus on publicness and the role of critical democratic thought in public affairs. Too often, the assumptions that underlie the prevailing theory and practice of addressing major political and economic problems remain unquestioned, with economic and political conflicts displaced into issues of administration and leadership. Ventriss calls for a reinvigorated notion of publicness based, in part, on a public social science, civic experimentation, and policies designed and tailored to the unique needs of various publics. As a way to move forward, this book offers ideas for redefining professionalism, promoting civic initiatives, and rethinking professional education for public service. Curtis Ventriss is Professor Emeritus of Public Policy at the University of Vermont.

The Oxford Handbook Of Classics In Public Policy And Administration

Author: Steven J. Balla
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199646139
File Size: 58,48 MB
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This Handbook brings together a collection of leading international authors to reflect on the influence of central contributions, or classics, that have shaped the development of the field of public policy and administration. The Handbook reflects on a wide range of key contributions to the field, selected on the basis of their international and wider disciplinary impact. Focusing on classics that contributed significantly to the field over the second half of the 20th century, it offers insights into works that have explored aspects of the policy process, of particular features of bureaucracy, and of administrative and policy reforms. Each classic is discussed by a leading international scholars. They offer unique insights into the ways in which individual classics have been received in scholarly debates and disciplines, how classics have shaped evolving research agendas, and how the individual classics continue to shape contemporary scholarly debates. In doing so, this volume offers a novel approach towards considering the various central contributions to the field. The Handbook offers students of public policy and administration state-of-the-art insights into the enduring impact of key contributions to the field.

Political Science Government Public Policy Series International Affairs

Author: Universal Reference System
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ISBN:
File Size: 78,16 MB
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Risk And Society The Interaction Of Science Technology And Public Policy

Author: M Waterstone
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401136343
File Size: 16,92 MB
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Life in the last quarter of the twentieth century presents a baffling array of complex issues. The benefits of technology are arrayed against the risks and hazards of those same technological marvels (frequently, though not always, arising as side effects or by-products). This confrontation poses very difficult choices for individuals as well as for those charged with making public policy. Some of the most challenging of these issues result because of the ability of technological innovation and deployment to outpace the capacity of institutions to assess and evaluate implications. In many areas, the rate of technological advance has now far outstripped the capabilities of institutional monitoring and control. While there are many instances in which technological advance occurs without adverse consequences (and in fact, yields tremendous benefits), frequently the advent of a major innovation brings a wide array of unforeseen and (to some) undesirable effects. This problem is exacerbated as the interval between the initial development of a technology and its deployment is shortened, since the opportunity for cautious appraisal is decreased.

Public Policy

Author: R K Sapru
Editor: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd
ISBN: 9788120727038
File Size: 59,87 MB
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