Social Group Utility Maximization

Author: Xiaowen Gong
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 331912322X
File Size: 68,88 MB
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This SpringerBrief explains how to leverage mobile users' social relationships to improve the interactions of mobile devices in mobile networks. It develops a social group utility maximization (SGUM) framework that captures diverse social ties of mobile users and diverse physical coupling of mobile devices. Key topics include random access control, power control, spectrum access, and location privacy. This brief also investigates SGUM-based power control game and random access control game, for which it establishes the socially-aware Nash equilibrium (SNE). It then examines the critical SGUM-based spectrum access game, and pseudonym change game for personalized location privacy. The authors propose future work on extending the SGUM framework to negative social ties, to demonstrate relevance to security applications and span the continuum between zero-sum game (ZSG) and non-cooperative game (NCG). Social Group Utility Maximization targets researchers and professionals working on mobile networks and social networks. Advanced-level students in electrical engineering and computer science will also find this material useful for their related courses.

The Oxford Handbook Of Public Choice

Author: Roger D. Congleton
Editor: Oxford Handbooks
ISBN: 0190469773
File Size: 59,47 MB
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"This two-volume collection provides a comprehensive overview of the past seventy years of public choice research, written by experts in the fields surveyed. The individual chapters are more than simple surveys, but provide readers with both a sense of the progress made and puzzles that remain. Most are written with upper level undergraduate and graduate students in economics and political science in mind, but many are completely accessible to non-expert readers who are interested in Public Choice research. The two-volume set will be of broad interest to social scientists, policy analysts, and historians"--

Modern Social Contract Theory

Author: Albert Weale
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198853548
File Size: 70,49 MB
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Modern Social Contract Theory provides an exposition and evaluation of major work in social contract theory from 1950 to the present. It locates the central themes of that theory in the intellectual legacy of utilitarianism, particularly the problems of defining principles of justice and of showing the grounds of moral obligation. It demonstrates how theorists responded in a novel way to the dilemmas articulated in utilitarianism, developing in their different approaches a constructivist method in ethics, a method that aimed to vindicate a liberal, democratic and just political order. A distinctive feature of the book is its comparative approach. By placing the works of Barry, Buchanan and Tullock, Harsanyi, Gauthier, Grice, Rawls, and Scanlon alongside one another, similarities and differences are brought out, most notably in the way in which principles are derived by each author from the contractual construction as well as the extent to which the obligation to adopt those principles can be rationally grounded. Each theory is placed in its particular intellectual context. Special attention is paid to the contrasting theories of rationality adopted by the different authors, whether that be utility theory or a deliberative conception of rationality, with the intention of assessing how far the principles advanced can be justified by reference to the hypothetical choices of rational contracting agents. The book concludes with a discussion of some principal objections to the enterprise of contract theory, and offers its own programme for the future of that theory taking the form of the empirical method.

The Fragmented World Of The Social

Author: Axel Honneth
Editor: Suny Press
ISBN:
File Size: 37,91 MB
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The essays in this book weave together insights and arguments from such diverse traditions as German critical theory, French philosophy and social theory, and recent Anglo-American moral and political theory, offering a unique approach to the political and theoretical consequences of the modernism/postmodernism discussion. Through an analysis of central themes in classical Marxism and early critical theory, the author shows how recent work in a variety of traditions converges on the need to question familiar distinctions between material production and culture, the public and the private, and the political and the social, and to reconsider the conceptions of agency and power that have informed them.

Formal Modeling In Social Science

Author: Carol Mershon
Editor: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472054236
File Size: 50,35 MB
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A formal model in the social sciences builds explanations when it structures the reasoning underlying a theoretical argument, opens venues for controlled experimentation, and can lead to hypotheses. Yet more importantly, models evaluate theory, build theory, and enhance conjectures. Formal Modeling in Social Science addresses the varied helpful roles of formal models and goes further to take up more fundamental considerations of epistemology and methodology. The authors integrate the exposition of the epistemology and the methodology of modeling and argue that these two reinforce each other. They illustrate the process of designing an original model suited to the puzzle at hand, using multiple methods in diverse substantive areas of inquiry. The authors also emphasize the crucial, though underappreciated, role of a narrative in the progression from theory to model. Transparency of assumptions and steps in a model means that any analyst will reach equivalent predictions whenever she replicates the argument. Hence, models enable theoretical replication, essential in the accumulation of knowledge. Formal Modeling in Social Science speaks to scholars in different career stages and disciplines and with varying expertise in modeling.

Social Comparison Judgment And Behavior

Author: Jerry Suls
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190629118
File Size: 17,16 MB
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Comparison with other people, a core element of social life, influences self-concept, attitudes, conformity, psychological and physical well-being, achievement, educational outcomes, and social movements. Social comparison has become particularly salient as social and income inequalities have been increasingly recognized in the United States and elsewhere globally. This volume presents classic and state-of-the-science chapters by leading experts that survey the major areas of social comparison theory and research. Authored by noted experts, the volume is divided into three sections: Basic Comparison Processes, Neighboring Fields, and Applications. The first section is comprised of chapters that update classic theories and present contemporary advances, such as the dominating effect of local versus global comparisons, an analysis of the psychology of competition, how comparisons across different domains influence self-concept and achievement, and the integral connections between stereotyping and comparison. The second section introduces perspectives from related fields, such as the decision and network sciences, that shed new light on social comparison. The third section focuses on practical applications of comparison, including relative deprivation, health psychology, the effects of income inequality on well-being, and the relationship of power to comparison. This volume is a must-read for anyone interested in the field of social comparison and its implications for everyday life.

Yale Journal Of Law The Humanities

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Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 69,84 MB
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Individual Motivation Its Nature Determinants And Consequences For Within Group Behaviour

Author: Sabina Alkire
Editor:
ISBN: 9789524550581
File Size: 24,88 MB
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Normative Control And The Constitution Of Social Bonds

Author: Brian Hugh Colwell
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 63,18 MB
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Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 21,10 MB
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Canadian Cities In Transition

Author: Trudi E. Bunting
Editor: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press
ISBN:
File Size: 25,67 MB
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This third edition of Canadian Cities in Transition has been completely revised and updated. Examining the uneven development and uncertain future of Canadian cities, 41 specialists in the field - urban geographers, political scientists, urban planners, civil engineers - offer state-of-the-art understanding of everything from the evolution of the Canadian urban system to site-specific design, problems of transportation and infrastructure, the containment of urban sprawl, the impacts of immigration and gentrification, and the sustainability of cities - both environmentally and economically.

Political Science The Theory And Practice Of Political Science

Author: William J. Crotty
Editor:
ISBN: 9780810109223
File Size: 34,83 MB
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In this volume, the study of legislatures has traditionally been a central preoccupation of political scientists. Legislatures provide good laboratories for testing theories and methodologies of significance in the discipline and, more broadly, for contributing to an understanding of how representative government works.

Mcgeorge Law Review

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ISBN:
File Size: 68,42 MB
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Economic Papers

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ISBN:
File Size: 66,72 MB
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Social Choice Theory

Author: Charles K. Rowley
Editor: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN:
File Size: 15,75 MB
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This major reference collection presents in three volumes the key articles and papers on social choice theory.Volume One centres attention on key aspects of the debate on Arrow's impossibility theorem, carefully counter-poising differing viewpoints and embracing competing methodologies. In a field prone to the excessive use of mathematics and of arcane high theory, Charles Rowley skilfully presents a literature which is accessible to non-mathematicians and yet which offers full coverage of all the major debates. Volumes two and three extend the coverage of social choice theory to review the attempts of leading scholars to resolve the ageless problems of determining social goals and reconciling apparent inconsistencies among such goals. Professor Rowley carefully guides the reader through a litany of approaches, both methodological individualist and social engineering, ends-related and process-related in nature. Volume two reprints leading contributions to the utilitarian and contractarian ethics while volume three completes this exercise with material on the social justice and contractarian ethics. Professor Rowley's own introductory essay exposes the social choice research programme to his own Virginian critique, while integrating a large, diffuse literature into a unified whole.

Social Choice Theory Social Justice And Classical Liberal Goals

Author: Charles Kershaw Rowley
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 73,85 MB
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The Journal Of Social Studies

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 34,87 MB
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Proceedings Annual Conference Of The American Council On Consumer Interests

Author: American Council on Consumer Interests. Conference
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 24,39 MB
Format: PDF
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An Institutional Interpretation Of The Major Six Business Groups In Japan

Author: Mariko Suzuki
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 36,59 MB
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The Limits And Merits Of Participation

Author: Paulo Vieira da Cunha
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 47,31 MB
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Once a shout from the radical fringe, the call for participation has resurfaced as a dominant voice in development thinking. But the new truth may be flawed. The goal of economic development is to increase growth and eliminate poverty. Recently, the goal has been broadened to include promoting participatory governance. Arguably, participation-for example, in community water committees-produces two desirable outcomes: democratic processes and better-targeted, more efficiently delivered public services. Participation is desirable as an end in itself, as a means of sharing resources, control, and responsibility within the social group. Yet participation is not always related to democracy. Fascism was a participatory, grassroots political movement. Participation is as much a problem as it is a solution, as much a goal as a tool. It is a problem when it is disorderly and if it is assumed to be a substitute for democratic representation. It is a solution when it changes conflict into negotiated losses. Participation can make development assistance more effective, but it works best for groups that are already participatory; for groups that can already help themselves. The recent literature on the effectiveness of foreign aid to developing countries presents an interesting analogy. Most foreign aid is useless. The only part that really helps development is that which follows rather than precedes policy change. Similarly, participation seems to work well only when the institutions of participation are in place before the need they address arises and when the institutions are compatible with the needÕs objectives. These conditions are not easily met. Discussions of participation cannot ignore issues of political power, local power, populism, and representation. They cannot ignore issues of moral pluralism (the variety of ways in which people value their lives) or cultural diversity. They cannot dismiss the ways in which people can be blocked from better lives by the beliefs of their cultures. They cannot avoid the pressure that a dominant group may exert to forge solutions that are morally unacceptable. These problems are not irrelevant or unimportant. Efforts to promote participation would seem strikingly banal were the history of development efforts not replete with failures to achieve participation where it would have made a difference. It has typically been assumed that people, especially poor people, lack the competence to decide for themselves. Similarly, the failures of participation would seem strikingly banal if people, especially those we are interested in, behaved the way we expected them to. But people do not behave as expected. Their interests may not be in the collective interest, and their goals may not coincide with broader social goals. This paper is a product of the Office of the Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, Development Economics.