Where Is The Empire State Building

Author: Janet Pascal
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 0698412176
Size: 13,42 MB
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New York City boasts one of the most famous skylines in the world, and the Empire State Building is undeniably the focal point of this incredible view. At 102 stories, the structure was no small feat. In fact, its construction coincided with the onset of the Great Depression, and so progress was met with numerous setbacks. Still, because of the efficiency that went into the building's development, it only took a year and forty-five days to complete! In this informative, easy-to-read account, Janet B. Pascal describes the rise of skyscrapers in the United States, the intricacies of the groundbreaking construction process, and the effect the iconic Empire State Building continues to have today.

The Empire State Building

Author: John S. Berman
Editor: Barnes & Noble Publishing
ISBN: 9780760738894
Size: 20,17 MB
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It is the world's most famous skyscraper, a gleaming Art Deco tower of steel, concrete and marble that is the enduring symbol of New York. Conceived by Governor Alfred E. Smith, the project commenced on January 22, 1930, less than two months after the Black Tuesday stock market crash, as America entered the beginnings of the Great Depression. Along with the revealing text, a wealth of archival photographs taken before, during and after construction illustrate the mammoth undertaking. Every image pays tribute to the steelworkers, riveters, stone masons and the thousands of other unsung heroes whose fearlessness and skill enabled the tower to rise in little more than a year's time, and gave birth to a legendary icon of American vision and ingenuity.

Power Elites And State Building

Author: Professor Emeritus of Modern History Wolfgang Reinhard
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198205470
Size: 14,90 MB
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The 'Origins of the Modern State in Europe' series arises from an important international research programme sponsored by the European Science Foundation. The aim of the series, which comprises seven volumes, is to bring together specialists from different countries, who reinterpret from a comparative European perspective different aspects of the formation of the state over the long period from the beginning of the thirteenth to the end of the eighteenth century. One of the main achievements of the research programme has been to overcome the long-established historiographical tendency to regard states mainly from the viewpoint of their twentieth-century borders. The modern European state, defined by a continuous territory with a distinct borderline and complete external sovereignty, by the monopoly of every kind of legitimate use of force, and by a homogeneous mass of subjects each of whom has the same rights ad duties, is the outcome of a thousand years of shifting political power and developing notions of the state. This major study sets out to examine the processes of state formation and the creation of power elites. A team of leading European historians explores the dominant institutions and ideologies of the past, and their role in the creation of the contemporary nation state.

Empire State Building

Author: Sheryl Peterson
Editor: The Creative Company
ISBN: 9781583414392
Size: 15,52 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A tour of the greatest man-made wonders on earth

The Three Yugoslavias

Author: Sabrina P. Ramet
Editor: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253346568
Size: 11,44 MB
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Yugoslavia exploded onto the front pages of world newspapers in the early 1990s. The War of Yugoslav Succession of 1991–1995 convinced many that interethnic violence was endemic to politics in Yugoslavia and that the Yugoslav meltdown had occurred because of ancient hatreds. In this thematic history of Yugoslavia in the 20th century, Sabrina P. Ramet demonstrates that, on the contrary, the instability of the three 20th-century Yugoslav states—the interwar kingdom (1918–41), socialist Yugoslavia (1945–91), and the rump Yugoslav state created in 1992, consisting of Serbia and Montenegro—can be attributed to the failure of succeeding governments to establish the rule of law and political legitimacy. Ramet places emphasis on the failure of the state-building project and the absence of political legitimation, rather than on ineluctable or abstract historical forces. Based on extensive archival research and fieldwork and the culmination of more than two decades of study, The Three Yugoslavias is a major contribution to an understanding of Yugoslavia and its successor states.

State Building

Author: Verena Fritz
Editor: Central European University Press
ISBN: 9789637326998
Size: 13,62 MB
Format: PDF
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An analysis of post-Soviet state-building and of post-communist transition in Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus and Russia.

Facets And Practices Of State Building

Author: Julia Raue
Editor: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004174036
Size: 10,90 MB
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Drawing on a mix of international academic and field expert work, this book presents and analyses contemporary state-building efforts. It offers studies on the theoretical and practical foundations and causes of state-building, identifies the role and responsibilities of key actors and points to vital issues which merit specific attention in state-building undertakings. The book offers lessons for the future of state-building relevant to both practitioners and the academic community.

State Building In Putin S Russia

Author: Brian D. Taylor
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496441
Size: 16,24 MB
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This book argues that Putin's strategy for rebuilding the state was fundamentally flawed. Taylor demonstrates that a disregard for the way state officials behave toward citizens - state quality - had a negative impact on what the state could do - state capacity. Focusing on those organizations that control state coercion, what Russians call the 'power ministries', Taylor shows that many of the weaknesses of the Russian state that existed under Boris Yeltsin persisted under Putin. Drawing on extensive field research and interviews, as well as a wide range of comparative data, the book reveals the practices and norms that guide the behavior of Russian power ministry officials (the so-called siloviki), especially law enforcement personnel. By examining siloviki behavior from the Kremlin down to the street level, State Building in Putin's Russia uncovers the who, where and how of Russian state building after communism.

State Building And Late Development

Author: David Waldner
Editor: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801485756
Size: 19,76 MB
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Why does state building sometimes promote economic growth and in other cases impede it? Through an analysis of political and economic development in four countries--Turkey, Syria, Korea, and Taiwan--this book explores the origins of political-economic institutions and the mechanisms connecting them to economic outcomes. David Waldner extends our understanding of the political underpinnings of economic development by examining the origins of political coalitions on which states and their institutions depend. He first provides a political model of institutional change to analyze how elites build either cross-class or narrow coalitions, and he examines how these arrangements shape specific institutions: state-society relations, the nature of bureaucracy, fiscal structures, and patterns of economic intervention. He then links these institutions to economic outcomes through a bargaining model to explain why countries such as Korea and Taiwan have more effectively overcome the collective dilemmas that plague economic development than have others such as Turkey and Syria. The latter countries, he shows, lack institutional solutions to the problems that surround productivity growth. The first book to compare political and economic development in these two regions, State Building and Late Development draws on, and contributes to, arguments from political sociology and political economy. Based on a rigorous research design, the work offers both a finely drawn comparison of development and a compellingly argued analysis of the character and consequences of "precocious Keynesianism," the implementation of Keynesian demand-stimulus policies in largely pre-industrial economies.

Political Struggle Ideology And State Building

Author: Jeffrey C. Mosher
Editor: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803232471
Size: 12,11 MB
Format: PDF
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The collapse of the Portuguese empire in the Americas in the early nineteenth century did not immediately or easily translate into the formation of the independent nation-state of Brazil. While ?Brazil? had geographic meaning, it did not constitute a cohesive political identity that could draw on basic loyalties. The tumultuous struggle to nationhood in Brazil was marked by the interplay of differing social groups, political parties, and regions. A series of violent revolts in Pernambuco, a large slaveholding, sugar-producing province in northeastern Brazil, exposed the tensions accompanying state and nation building. Political Struggle, Ideology, and State Building delves into the complex and engaging history of the contested province of Pernambuco, providing better understanding of the interplay between local and provincial social and political struggles and the construction of the nation-state. ø Jeffrey C. Mosher reevaluates political parties, institutions long assumed to be mere facades for elite factions with identical interests. He demonstrates the importance of both formal political institutions and ideology, as well as the efforts of the lower classes to assert their own visions and values. Resentment of the Portuguese provided common ground for some elite factions and lower-class groups and figured importantly in defining the nation. Mosher?s analysis clarifies how the lower class?s assertiveness?in a society sharply divided by slavery, race, and class?frightened various elite groups into embracing both exclusionary discourses on race and the need for authoritarian, centralized political institutions, a development that proved to be an enduring legacy of the period.