Citizen And Subject

Author: Mahmood Mamdani
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691180423
File Size: 45,26 MB
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In analyzing the obstacles to democratization in post- independence Africa, Mahmood Mamdani offers a bold, insightful account of colonialism's legacy--a bifurcated power that mediated racial domination through tribally organized local authorities, reproducing racial identity in citizens and ethnic identity in subjects. Many writers have understood colonial rule as either "direct" (French) or "indirect" (British), with a third variant--apartheid--as exceptional. This benign terminology, Mamdani shows, masks the fact that these were actually variants of a despotism. While direct rule denied rights to subjects on racial grounds, indirect rule incorporated them into a "customary" mode of rule, with state-appointed Native Authorities defining custom. By tapping authoritarian possibilities in culture, and by giving culture an authoritarian bent, indirect rule (decentralized despotism) set the pace for Africa; the French followed suit by changing from direct to indirect administration, while apartheid emerged relatively later. Apartheid, Mamdani shows, was actually the generic form of the colonial state in Africa. Through case studies of rural (Uganda) and urban (South Africa) resistance movements, we learn how these institutional features fragment resistance and how states tend to play off reform in one sector against repression in the other. The result is a groundbreaking reassessment of colonial rule in Africa and its enduring aftereffects. Reforming a power that institutionally enforces tension between town and country, and between ethnicities, is the key challenge for anyone interested in democratic reform in Africa.

Subjects And Citizens

Author: Cathy N. Davidson
Editor: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822382393
File Size: 49,81 MB
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Focusing on intersecting issues of nation, race, and gender, this volume inaugurates new models for American literary and cultural history. Subjects and Citizens reveals the many ways in which a wide range of canonical and non-canonical writing contends with the most crucial social, political, and literary issues of our past and present. Defining the landscape of the New American literary history, these essays are united by three interrelated concerns: ideas of origin (where does "American literature" begin?), ideas of nation (what does "American literature" mean?), and ideas of race and gender (what does "American literature" include and exclude and how?). Work by writers as diverse as Aphra Behn, James Fenimore Cooper, Edgar Allan Poe, Frances Harper, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Herman Melville, William Faulkner, Harriet Jacobs, Frederick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln, Bharati Mukherjee, Booker T. Washington, Mark Twain, Kate Chopin, Américo Paredes, and Toni Morrison are discussed from several theoretical perspectives, using a variety of methodologies. Issues of the "frontier" and the "border" as well as those of coloniality and postcoloniality are explored. In each case, these essays emphasize the ideological nature of national identity and, more specifically, the centrality of race and gender to our concept of nationhood. Collected from recent issues of American Literature, with three new essays added, Subjects and Citizens charts the new directions being taken in American literary studies. Contributors. Daniel Cooper Alarcón, Lori Askeland, Stephanie Athey, Nancy Bentley, Lauren Berlant, Michele A. Birnbaum, Kristin Carter-Sanborn, Russ Castronovo, Joan Dayan, Julie Ellison, Sander L. Gilman, Karla F. C. Holloway, Annette Kolodny, Barbara Ladd, Lora Romero, Ramón Saldívar, Maggie Sale, Siobhan Senier, Timothy Sweet, Maurice Wallace, Elizabeth Young

Hertslet S Commercial Treaties

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A collection of treaties and conventions, between Great Britain and foreign powers, and of the laws, decrees, orders in council, &c., concerning the same, so far as they relate to commerce and navigation, slavery, extradition, nationality, copyright, postal matters, &c., and to the privileges and interests of the subjects of the high contracting parties.

British And Foreign State Papers

Author: Great Britain. Foreign and Commonwealth Office
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Serial Set No 0 3099

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Congressional Serial Set

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Reports, Documents, and Journals of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives.

Subjects Or Citizens

Author: Adolf Ens
Editor: University of Ottawa Press
ISBN: 0776603906
File Size: 27,77 MB
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"During the 1870s, 7,000 Mennonites - descendants of Dutch and German Anabaptists - arrived in Canada to settle in the newly created province of Manitoba. While in Europe, they had steadily moved eastward under pressure of persecution and governmental restrictions until they settled in "foreign colonies" in New Russia (Ukraine) in 1789. Generations of living as non-citizen settlers under special arrangements with the ruler had reinforced their separatist understanding of what it meant to live in nonconformity with the world." "Adolf Ens's volume traces the tensions of Mennonites becoming full citizens in the participatory democracy of Canada through the crucial steps of immigration, settlement and naturalization, implementing local municipal government, and becoming part of the public school system. This process was greatly complicated by the outbreak of the First World War and the intolerance it produced toward those who were pacifist, German, and different." "Almost 8,000 of the descendants of this immigrant group left for Latin America in the aftermath of the war, becoming subjects once again. The rest gradually accommodated themselves to being full Canadian citizens."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

From Subjects To Citizens

Author: Lyn Parker
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135303746
File Size: 44,67 MB
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This book analyses the processes by which conservative and introverted Balinese villagers have been incorporated into the Indonesian nation-state.

Crown Powers Subjects And Citizens

Author: Christopher Vincenzi
Editor: A&C Black
ISBN: 9781855675391
File Size: 74,81 MB
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Crucial decisions are often made under the royal prerogative in relation to defence, foreign policy, immigration, the secret services and the management of the Civil Service without prior Parliamentary approval, adequate political accountability or effective judicial review. On this basis, ministers withhold passports, override statutes and legislate in the Council of Ministers of the European Community. This text examines the historical development and the legal and political scope of prerogative powers and Crown immunities as they affect the exercise of rights by citizens and non-citizens. It traces the changing relationship between individual and state, from subjecthood and allegiance to the Crown in a secretive state, to participating in legal and political citizenship in an open society and a widening British and European context. It addresses issues of key importance in the current constitutional debate about political and legal accountability, citizenship and human rights.

From Subjects To Citizens

Author: Taylor C. Sherman
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107064279
File Size: 64,43 MB
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The book offers a fresh and timely perspective on the broader field of early postcolonial South Asian history.

Subjects Citizens Aliens And Others

Author: Ann Dummett
Editor: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
ISBN: 9780297820260
File Size: 11,77 MB
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Rights Cultures Subjects And Citizens

Author: Susanne Brandtstädter
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317980999
File Size: 68,42 MB
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This book questions the political logic of foregrounding cultural collectives in a world shaped by globalization and neoliberalization. Throughout the world, it is no longer only individuals, but increasingly collective "cultures" who are made responsible for their own regulation, welfare and enterprise. This appears as a surprising shift from the tenets of classical liberalism which defined the ideal subject of politics as the "unencumbered self"- the free, equal and self-governing individual. The increasing promotion and recognition of cultural rights in international legislation, multiculturalism, and public debates on "culture" as a political problem more generally indicate that culture has become a more central terrain for governance and struggles around rights and citizenship. On the basis of case studies from China, Latin America, and North America, the contributors of this book explore the links between culture, civility, and the politics of citizenship. They argue that official reifications of "culture" in relation to citizenship, and even the recognition of cultural rights, may obey strategies of governance and control, but that citizens may still use new cultural rights and networks, and the legal mechanisms that have been created to protect them, in order to pursue their own agendas of empowerment. This book was originally published as a special issue of Economy and Society.

From Subjects To Citizens

Author: Pierre Boyer
Editor: University of Ottawa Press
ISBN: 0776605534
File Size: 71,34 MB
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A century ago, the legal concept of Canadian and Australian Citizenship as we understand it today did not exist. It was not until 1946 and 1948, respectively, that Canada and Australia adopted national citizenship, a move that allowed each country to define its own distinct character, and emphasize its independence from Britain and the Commonwealth. In this collection of essays, Canadian and Australian scholars examine the history, present, and future of citizenship in both countries. The book opens with two essays that examine the meaning and concept of citizenship, in both historical and contemporary contexts, and its relation to the state. The second section explores the early politics of citizenshipincluding examinations of civic debate, democracy, women as citizens, and culture. The third section includes essays on the challenges that traditional British notions of citizenship have faced in both countries, including aboriginal rights and multiculturalism. The collection ends with a look to the future of citizenship, including discussions of identity, governance, nation-building, and globalization. By contrasting and comparing similar issues in two similar countries, these erudite and thought-provoking essays show how much each country has to gain through discussion and collaboration.

United States Congressional Serial Set

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From Subjects To Citizens

Author: Sarah C. Chambers
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271042575
File Size: 14,82 MB
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Offering a corrective to previous views of Spanish-American independence, this book shows how political culture in Peru was dramatically transformed in this period of transition and how the popular classes as well as elites played crucial roles in this process. Honor, underpinning the legitimacy of Spanish rule and a social hierarchy based on race and class during the colonial era, came to be an important source of resistance by ordinary citizens to repressive action by republican authorities fearful of disorder. Claiming the protection of their civil liberties as guaranteed by the constitution, these &"honorable&" citizens cited their hard work and respectable conduct in justification of their rights, in this way contributing to the shaping of republican discourse. Prominent politicians from Arequipa, familiar with these arguments made in courtrooms where they served as jurists, promoted at the national level a form of liberalism that emphasized not only discipline but also individual liberties and praise for the honest working man. But the protection of men's public reputations and their patriarchal authority, the author argues, came at the expense of women, who suffered further oppression from increasing public scrutiny of their sexual behavior through the definition of female virtue as private morality, which also justified their exclusion from politics. The advent of political liberalism was thus not associated with greater freedom, social or political, for women.

The Works Of Alexander Hamilton Political Essays Etc 1792 1804 Contents Index

Author: Alexander Hamilton
Editor:
ISBN:
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Political Essays Etc 1792 1804 Contents Index

Author: Alexander Hamilton
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 23,55 MB
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