Synaptic Self

Author: Joseph LeDoux
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 9781440650420
Size: 15,36 MB
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In 1996 Joseph LeDoux's The Emotional Brain presented a revelatory examination of the biological bases of our emotions and memories. Now, the world-renowned expert on the brain has produced with a groundbreaking work that tells a more profound story: how the little spaces between the neurons—the brain's synapses—are the channels through which we think, act, imagine, feel, and remember. Synapses encode the essence of personality, enabling each of us to function as a distinctive, integrated individual from moment to moment. Exploring the functioning of memory, the synaptic basis of mental illness and drug addiction, and the mechanism of self-awareness, Synaptic Self is a provocative and mind-expanding work that is destined to become a classic.

Fear And Anxiety

Author: Jack M. Gorman
Editor: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 9781585626946
Size: 15,46 MB
Format: PDF
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Animals, like people, experience fear and avoidance, which can be reliably observed, quantified, and manipulated in almost all species. Remarkably, as this volume demonstrates, the neural circuits responsible for the acquisition and expression of fear are conserved throughout phylogeny from rodents through nonhuman primates to humans. Thus, what is discovered about the neuroanatomy and physiology of fear in a mouse can be usefully "translated" to a human with an anxiety disorder. This breakthrough in both neuroscience and mental health research is detailed in 14 fascinating chapters that cover Conditioned fear -- Many scientists have convincingly documented that the amygdala is the essential brain structure in an animal's exhibition of conditioned fear, with the hippocampus required for contextual memory of conditioned fear. Though debate continues, other studies show that the anatomic and physiological findings about conditioned fear are robustly applicable to other forms of fear. The brain structures involved in fear -- The data clearly show that the amygdala is the one area most consistently energized in fear responses of nonhuman and human primates. Patients with anxiety disorders have a lower threshold for amygdala activation than do control subjects; thus, fear cues that do not register an amygdala response in most individuals will do so in anxious patients. Stress effects on brain structure -- It is possible that, based on both animal studies and clinical studies of children and adults, chronic exposure to fear may have deleterious effects on the structural integrity of the brain. The hippocampus appears to be particularly vulnerable, though stress damage may also occur in regions of the prefrontal cortex, such as the anterior cingulate. The results of translational research can raise concerns that observed negative changes in animal brains might apply to humans, but they can also suggest advantageous interventions, with both psychosocial and psychopharmacology approaches proving effective in reversing not only anxiety disorders but even some changes in the brain. Best of all, using these scientific models of brain function, we can now see psychotherapy and medication as complementary rather than antagonistic, with each addressing different parts of the same fear circuitry. The synthesis of knowledge in this groundbreaking work will appeal to practitioners and students alike, and justifies the optimism of its distinguished contributors that psychiatric research is at last in an era in which unprecedented insights will be gained and progress made toward better treatments.

Self And Emotional Life

Author: Adrian Johnston
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023153518X
Size: 18,99 MB
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Adrian Johnston and Catherine Malabou defy theoretical humanities' deeply-entrenched resistance to engagements with the life sciences. Rather than treat biology and its branches as hopelessly reductive and politically suspect, they view recent advances in neurobiology and its adjacent scientific fields as providing crucial catalysts to a radical rethinking of subjectivity. Merging three distinct disciplines—European philosophy from Descartes to the present, Freudian-Lacanian psychoanalysis, and affective neuroscience—Johnston and Malabou triangulate the emotional life of affective subjects as conceptualized in philosophy and psychoanalysis with neuroscience. Their experiments yield different outcomes. Johnston finds psychoanalysis and neurobiology have the potential to enrich each other, though affective neuroscience demands a reconsideration of whether affects can be unconscious. Investigating this vexed issue has profound implications for theoretical and practical analysis, as well as philosophical understandings of the emotions. Malabou believes scientific explorations of the brain seriously problematize established notions of affective subjectivity in Continental philosophy and Freudian-Lacanian analysis. She confronts philosophy and psychoanalysis with something neither field has seriously considered: the concept of wonder and the cold, disturbing visage of those who have been affected by disease or injury, such that they are no longer affected emotionally. At stake in this exchange are some of philosophy's most important claims concerning the relationship between the subjective mind and the objective body, the structures and dynamics of the unconscious dimensions of mental life, the role emotion plays in making us human, and the functional differences between philosophy and science.

Asleep In The Helix Survival The Science Of Self Realization

Author: M.A. Carrano
Editor: Lulu.com
ISBN: 0557377226
Size: 19,17 MB
Format: PDF
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Brain Framing

Author: Dr. Linda Karges-Bone
Editor: Lorenz Educational Press
ISBN: 0787787078
Size: 11,84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Brain Framing is a book of ideas for ?thinking about thinking? in the classroom, ideas to help us frame the brains of students in ways that are productive, powerful, and personal. This book will help teachers to engage brains in three fresh ways: framing student learning into more personalized experiences that utilize new research on the brain, the body, and the spirit; creating brain-friendly classroom environments that link sensory and cognitive experiences in ways that reduce stress for both the teacher and the student; and organizing content into meaningful ?chunks and layers? that fit into the unique frames of students? brains. Filled with a variety of new teaching strategies, curriculum-enhancing ideas, lesson-planning samples and reproducible templates based on current scientific research, Brain Framing is the perfect resource for any teacher who wants to begin ?planning with the brain in mind.?

Image Analysis And Recognition

Author: Aurélio Campilho
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540448918
Size: 10,71 MB
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ICIAR 2006, the International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition, was the third ICIAR conference, and was held in P ́ ovoa de Varzim, Portugal. ICIARisorganizedannually,andalternatesbetweenEuropeandNorthAmerica. ICIAR 2004 was held in Porto, Portugal and ICIAR 2005 in Toronto, Canada. The idea of o?ering these conferences came as a result of discussion between researchers in Portugal and Canada to encourage collaboration and exchange, mainlybetweenthesetwocountries,butalsowiththeopenparticipationofother countries, addressing recent advances in theory, methodology and applications. The response to the call for papers for ICIAR 2006 was higher than the two previous editions. From 389 full papers submitted, 163 were ?nally accepted (71 oral presentations, and 92 posters). The review process was carried out by the Program Committee members and other reviewers; all are experts in various image analysis and recognition areas. Each paper was reviewed by at least two reviewers, and also checked by the conference Co-chairs. The high quality of the papers in these proceedings is attributed ?rst to the authors, and second to the quality of the reviews provided by the experts. We would like to thank the authors for responding to our call, and we wholeheartedly thank the reviewers for their excellent work and for their timely response. It is this collective e?ort that resulted in the strong conference program and high-quality proceedings in your hands.

Topics In Functional Differential And Difference Equations

Author: Teresa Faria
Editor: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821871355
Size: 17,83 MB
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Resonant Leadership

Author: Richard Boyatzis
Editor: Harvard Business Press
ISBN: 1422163482
Size: 14,94 MB
Format: PDF
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The blockbuster best seller Primal Leadership introduced us to "resonant" leaders--individuals who manage their own and others' emotions in ways that drive success. Leaders everywhere recognized the validity of resonant leadership, but struggled with how to achieve and sustain resonance amid the relentless demands of work and life. Now, Richard Boyatzis and Annie McKee provide an indispensable guide to overcoming the vicious cycle of stress, sacrifice, and dissonance that afflicts many leaders. Drawing from extensive multidisciplinary research and real-life stories, Resonant Leadership offers a field-tested framework for creating the resonance that fuels great leadership. Rather than constantly sacrificing themselves to workplace demands, leaders can manage the cycle using specific techniques to combat stress, avoid burnout, and renew themselves physically, mentally, and emotionally. The book reveals that the path to resonance is through mindfulness, hope, and compassion and shows how intentionally employing these qualities creates effective and enduring leadership. Great leaders are resonant leaders. Resonant Leadership offers the inspiration--and tools--to spark and sustain resonance in ourselves and in those we lead.

Brain Body And Mind

Author: Walter Glannon
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199875894
Size: 20,57 MB
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This book is a discussion of the most timely and contentious issues in the two branches of neuroethics: the neuroscience of ethics; and the ethics of neuroscience. Drawing upon recent work in psychiatry, neurology, and neurosurgery, it develops a phenomenologically inspired theory of neuroscience to explain the brain-mind relation. The idea that the mind is shaped not just by the brain but also by the body and how the human subject interacts with the environment has significant implications for free will, moral responsibility, and moral justification of actions. It also provides a better understanding of how different interventions in the brain can benefit or harm us. In addition, the book discusses brain imaging techniques to diagnose altered states of consciousness, deep-brain stimulation to treat neuropsychiatric disorders, and restorative neurosurgery for neurodegenerative diseases. It examines the medical and ethical trade-offs of these interventions in the brain when they produce both positive and negative physical and psychological effects, and how these trade-offs shape decisions by physicians and patients about whether to provide and undergo them.

The Neuroscience Of Adult Learning

Author: Sandra Johnson
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118216512
Size: 20,66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This timely volume examines links between the emergingneurobiological research on adult learning and the adult educators'practice. Now that it is possible to trace the pathways of the braininvolved in various learning tasks, we can also explore whichlearning environments are likely to be most effective. Topicsexplored in The Neuroscience of Adult Learning include: basic brain architecture and "executive" functions of thebrain how learning can "repair" the effects of psychological traumaon the brain effects of stress and emotions on learning the centrality of experience to learning and construction ofknowledge the mentor-learner relationship intersections between best practices in adult learning andcurrent neurobiological discoveries Volume contributors include neurobiologists, educators, andclinical psychologists who have illuminated connections between howthe brain functions and how to enhance learning. Although the immediate goal of this volume is to expand thediscourse on adult teaching and learning practices, the overarchinggoal is to encourage adult learners toward more complex ways ofknowing. This is the 110th volume of New Directions forAdult and Continuing Education, a quarterly publicationpublished by Jossey-Bass.