The Chemistry Of Organophosphorus Pesticides

Autore: C. Fest
Editore: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642684416
Grandezza: 35,21 MB
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Rapid progress in the field of organophosphate compounds has made this new edition necessary. Particular attention has been paid to new developments in biologically active products as this is probably of greatest interest to practical chemists. I have therefore updated the chapter on chemistry and, in connection with this, rewritten the chapter on metabolism. I should especially like to thank Professor Dr. HELLMUT HOFFMANN for his constant encouragement and interest in my work and for many fruitful discus sions. The co-author to the 1st edition, Dr. KARL-JULIUS SCHMIDT, died suddenly on November 21, 1980. I treasure the memory of a valued colleague of many years standing. Elberfeld, January 1982 CHRISTA FEST VII Preface to the First Edition Our intention has been to provide a short introduction to the chemistry and mode of action of insecticidal phosphoric acid compounds, with particular ref erence to the relationship between structure and activity. The yearly produc tion of these pesticides is now approaching 100,000 tons and thus offers an im portant example of applied research. If, however, one examines the historical development of these compounds, it is apparent that this was preceded by a hundred years of pure chemistry of phosphorus.

Organophosphorus Pesticides

Autore: Morifusa Eto
Editore: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351092200
Grandezza: 73,14 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 7472
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In order to get a general concept of organophosphorus pesticides with such a variety in structure and biological activities, consideration of each aspect of chemistry, biochemistry, and the applied sciences is necessary. This book consists of these three main parts. After the presentation of the background of phosphorus chemistry in Chapter 1, stress was put on the chemical and biochemical reactions of organophosphorus pesticides, including synthesis, analysis, metabolism mode of action, and other interesting aspects in Chapter 2 to 4, and on the structure-pesticidal activity relationship in Chapter 5.

Chemistry And Fate Of Organophosphorus Compounds

Autore: E. Merian
Editore: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9782881242151
Grandezza: 16,58 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 3560
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First published in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Organophosphates Chemistry Fate And Effects

Autore: Janice E. Chambers
Editore: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080917267
Grandezza: 52,71 MB
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Vista: 2928
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This volume pulls together a wealth of up-to-date information on the toxicology of this diverse and ubiquitous class of insecticides. Leading experts review the reactivity of organophosphorus compounds with cholinesterase, as well as their metabolism and biological effects on humans and other nontarget organisms. The book not only covers the anticholinesterase actions of organophosphates, but also other, presumably independent, effects, such as teratogenicity, delayed neuropathy, immunotoxicity, and behavioral toxicity. Offers crucial overviews of chemical and biochemical reactivity and biological responsiveness of mainly nontarget organisms Reviews new developments in assessment of metabolism and disposition of organophosphorus compounds Examines organophosphorus compound-induced toxicity mediated by mechanisms other than inhibition of acetylcholinesterase Covers new research on differences in toxicity induced by the variety of organophosphorus Analyzes current controversies on the relevance of certain biochemical parameters in actual organophosphate toxicity in vivo

Qsar Analysis Of The Chemical Hydrolysis Of Organophosphorus Pesticides In Natural Waters

Autore: Kenneth K. Tanji
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 33,85 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 3138
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Basic And Clinical Toxicology Of Organophosphorus Compounds

Autore: Mahdi Balali-Mood
Editore: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447156250
Grandezza: 47,70 MB
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Vista: 8762
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This book explains the chemistry of Organophosphorus compounds (OPs), their mechanism of toxicity and the history of OPs from their initial discovery to the development of new compounds such as Novichoks. It details the harmful effects to human health both as a result of acute and chronic OP exposure and the necessary clinical management of affected patients to reduce their toxic side effects. The book also explains the detrimental effect that OPs have had on the environment and the efforts being made to prevent this in the future. Finally, the book looks at the incidents where OPs have been used as chemical warfare agents. Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Organophosphorus Compounds aims to act as a comprehensive guide to all aspects of OPs and is a key resource for clinical toxicologists and related health professionals involved in the prevention, diagnosis and clinical management of OP patients, toxicologists and other scientists involved in research on OPs including regulatory issues and postgraduate students in Toxicology and related fields.

Best Synthetic Methods

Autore: Chris Timperley
Editore: Newnes
ISBN: 0080982247
Grandezza: 10,34 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 5378
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Best Synthetic Methods: Organophosphorus (V) Chemistry provides systematic coverage of the most common classes of pentavalent organophosphorus compounds and reagents (including phosphonyl, phosphoryl, and organophosphates), and allows researchers an easy point of entry into this complex and economically important field. The book follows the Best Synthetic Methods format, containing practical methods, synthetic tips, and shortcuts. Where relevant, articles include toxicity data and historical context for the reactions. Typical analytical and spectroscopic data are also presented to enable scientists to identify key compound characteristics. The book is a valuable companion to research chemists in both academia and industry, summarizing the best practical methods (often originating in difficult-to-access, foreign-language primary literature) in one place. It is ideally suited for those working on industrial applications of these compounds, including insecticides, herbicides, flame retardants, and plasticizers. Includes a mixture of tried and tested, historical methods that are proven to work, alongside new methods to provide scientists with a quick, time-saving resource of reliable methods Includes tips and tricks to get reactions to work; important information often missing from other sources Includes key analytical data for compounds, so scientists have one handy resource to select, perform, and analyze the best reaction

Pesticide Chemistry And Toxicology

Autore: Dileep K. Singh
Editore: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 1608051374
Grandezza: 23,64 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 6608
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Pesticide control involves killing pest organisms or otherwise preventing them from destructive behavior. Pesticides are either natural or synthetic and are applied to target pests in a myriad of formulations (EC,WP, SP, FP, G etc.) and application technology systems (sprays, baits, slow-release diffusion, dust, etc.). In recent years, the bacterial genes coding for insecticidal proteins have been incorporated into various crops that dealt with the mortality of the pests feeding on them. Many other eco-friendly methods for insect pest control such as Integrated Pest Management (IPM), use of bio-pesticides etc., are becoming popular. Bio-pesticides and IPM should show good growth in the future, as there is growing concern for the eco-friendly organic agriculture and could be achieved through Good Agriculture Practices (GAP). Use of pesticides requires a proper understanding of the chemistry, their handling and their use in crop protection or hygiene. These are toxic chemicals and require a good understanding of therapy and antidotes at the time of poisoning. This e-book covers pesticide chemistry, metabolic/degradation pathways, biochemical toxicology, therapy and antidotes, nano-pesticides and terminologies associated with pesticide toxicology. the book should serve as a text book for academia, or as a reference work for agriculturists, environmentalists and industry professionals.

The Chemistry Of Organophosphorus Compounds Volume 1

Autore: Frank R. Hartley
Editore: Cranfield Press
ISBN:
Grandezza: 79,84 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 4430
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The first volume in a series of books which propose to cover the extensive subject area of the chemistry of functional groups. This volume concentrates on organophosphorus compounds as a functional group, and the effects that group exerts on the behaviour of the whole molecule.

Screening Methods For Organophosphorus Pesticides Using Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry

Autore: Mark Richard Bauer
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 48,61 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 4543
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Bibliography Of Agriculture

Autore:
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 22,93 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 3052
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Analysis Of Dialkyl Phosphate Transformation Products Of Organophosphorus Pesticides In Biological And Environmental Samples

Autore: Carol Pilz Weisskopf
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 16,93 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 2189
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Organophosphorus Chemistry

Autore: D. W. Allen
Editore: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 0854043195
Grandezza: 27,16 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 8443
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A concise but comprehensive annual survey of a vast field of study enabling the reader to rapidly keep abreast of the latest developments in this specialist area.

Progress In Medicinal Chemistry

Autore:
Editore: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 008086256X
Grandezza: 37,37 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 1066
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Progress in Medicinal Chemistry

Chemical Pesticides Mode Of Action And Toxicology

Autore: Jørgen Stenersen
Editore: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203646830
Grandezza: 80,72 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 800
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Environmental-friendliness, issues of public health, and the pros and cons of genetically-modified crops all receive regular coverage in the world's media. This, in turn, has led to increased questioning and investigation of chemical pesticides. Stenersen's concise and timely introduction to chemical pesticides describes these compounds according to their mode of action at the cellular and biochemical level. Chemical Pesticides provides answers to questions such as why pesticides are toxic to the target organism and why pesticides are toxic to some organisms and not others. It describes how various poisons interfere with biochemical processes in organisms. The book also explores how resistance to pesticides develops, how resistance can be used to illustrate the theory of evolution, and how it can be used to produce herbicide-resistant crop plants. Legal matters and potential environmental problems are also discussed. By providing an integrated, yet simple description of modern chemical pesticides, the author provides a relevant text for professionals and students in biological disciplines such as biochemistry, medicine, agriculture, and veterinary science.

Reviews Of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology

Autore: David M. Whitacre
Editore: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441956231
Grandezza: 28,92 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 8503
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Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Chemistry Of Insecticides And Fungicides 3nd Edition

Autore: Sree Ramulu
Editore: Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 9389832047
Grandezza: 16,28 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 9750
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The Chemistry of Insecticides and Fungicides. Information on their nomenclature, glossary of terms and such other related topics that could help a beginner and an extension worker to comprehend the subject without difficulty have also been added. This revision of Chemistry of Insecticides and Fungicides follows the same general pattern as the original edition. However in this edition, information on production, utilisation of pesticides in India and also list of important references have been uptodated. Additional information on integrated pest control, synthetic pyrethroids, and first aid measures in the event of pesticides poisoning have been added in this edition.

Organophosphorus Chemistry

Autore: Gyorgy Keglevich
Editore: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849735840
Grandezza: 38,97 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 5280
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A series of critical reviews and perspectives focusing on how specific aspects of organometallic chemistry interface with other fields of study.

Organophosphorus Chemistry

Autore: D. W. Allen
Editore: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1847550584
Grandezza: 34,45 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 6888
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Organophoshorus Chemistry provides a comprehensive and critical review of the recent literature. Coverage includes phosphines and their chalcogenides, phosphonium salts, low coordination number phosphorus compounds, penta- and hexa- coordinated compounds, tervalent phosphorus acid derivatives, quiquevalent phosphorus acids, nucleotides and nucleic aicds, ylides and related compounds, phosphazenes and the application of physical methods in the study of organophosphorus compounds. This Specialist Periodical Report will be of value to research workers in universities, government and industrial research organisations whose work involves the use of organophosphorus compounds. It provides a concise but comprehensive survey of a vast field of study, with a wide variety of applications, enabling the reader to keep abreast of the latest developments in their specialist fields.

Handbook Of Organophosphorus Chemistry

Autore: Robert Engel
Editore: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824787332
Grandezza: 22,57 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 7253
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This practical work summarizes the development of organophosphorus chemistry in topical areas and details the discipline's current state - providing applications and experimental procedures throughout.;Written by 18 leading authorities in the field, the Handbook of Organophosphorus Chemistry: examines advances in the mechanistic understanding of the Perkow and related organophosphorus reactions; describes methods for the reduction of quinquevalent to trivalent phosphorus and their applications to standard synthetic procedures; emphasizes the preparation of phosphonates bearing hydroxy, amino, and thiol functions at the alpha-position relative to the phosphoryl group; reviews the basics of NMR as it applies to the 31P nucleus, considering the use of the latest measurement techniques in solving structural and mechanistic problems; compares the characteristics of polymer-based and monomeric materials; and presents recent progress in the design of insecticides and covers their chemical and biological characteristics.;Generously referenced with close to 3000 bibliographic citations, the Handbook of Organophosphorus Chemistry is an important volume for organic, medicinal, and agricultural chemists and biochemists; pharmacists; chemical engineers; and graduate-level students in these disciplines.