The Ecological Detective

Author: Ray Hilborn
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400847311
File Size: 42,82 MB
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The modern ecologist usually works in both the field and laboratory, uses statistics and computers, and often works with ecological concepts that are model-based, if not model-driven. How do we make the field and laboratory coherent? How do we link models and data? How do we use statistics to help experimentation? How do we integrate modeling and statistics? How do we confront multiple hypotheses with data and assign degrees of belief to different hypotheses? How do we deal with time series (in which data are linked from one measurement to the next) or put multiple sources of data into one inferential framework? These are the kinds of questions asked and answered by The Ecological Detective. Ray Hilborn and Marc Mangel investigate ecological data much as a detective would investigate a crime scene by trying different hypotheses until a coherent picture emerges. The book is not a set of pat statistical procedures but rather an approach. The Ecological Detective makes liberal use of computer programming for the generation of hypotheses, exploration of data, and the comparison of different models. The authors' attitude is one of exploration, both statistical and graphical. The background required is minimal, so that students with an undergraduate course in statistics and ecology can profitably add this work to their tool-kit for solving ecological problems.

Introduction To Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling For Ecological Data

Author: Eric Parent
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1584889209
File Size: 37,50 MB
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Making statistical modeling and inference more accessible to ecologists and related scientists, Introduction to Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling for Ecological Data gives readers a flexible and effective framework to learn about complex ecological processes from various sources of data. It also helps readers get started on building their own statisti

Ecological Models And Data In R

Author: Benjamin M. Bolker
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691125228
File Size: 38,17 MB
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Introduction and background; Exploratory data analysis and graphics; Deterministic functions for ecological modeling; Probability and stochastic distributions for ecological modeling; Stochatsic simulation and power analysis; Likelihood and all that; Optimization and all that; Likelihood examples; Standar statistics revisited; Modeling variance; Dynamic models.

Ecological Statistics

Author: Gordon A. Fox
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191652881
File Size: 58,51 MB
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The application and interpretation of statistics are central to ecological study and practice. Ecologists are now asking more sophisticated questions than in the past. These new questions, together with the continued growth of computing power and the availability of new software, have created a new generation of statistical techniques. These have resulted in major recent developments in both our understanding and practice of ecological statistics. This novel book synthesizes a number of these changes, addressing key approaches and issues that tend to be overlooked in other books such as missing/censored data, correlation structure of data, heterogeneous data, and complex causal relationships. These issues characterize a large proportion of ecological data, but most ecologists' training in traditional statistics simply does not provide them with adequate preparation to handle the associated challenges. Uniquely, Ecological Statistics highlights the underlying links among many statistical approaches that attempt to tackle these issues. In particular, it gives readers an introduction to approaches to inference, likelihoods, generalized linear (mixed) models, spatially or phylogenetically-structured data, and data synthesis, with a strong emphasis on conceptual understanding and subsequent application to data analysis. Written by a team of practicing ecologists, mathematical explanations have been kept to the minimum necessary. This user-friendly textbook will be suitable for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in the fields of ecology, evolution, environmental studies, and computational biology who are interested in updating their statistical tool kits. A companion web site provides example data sets and commented code in the R language.

The Careless Animal

Author: Ada Graham
Editor: Doubleday Books
ISBN: 9780385018289
File Size: 47,60 MB
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Discusses nine cases throughout the world where man's careless actions have had unexpected results on his environment.

Scaling Relations In Experimental Ecology

Author: Robert H. Gardner
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023152904X
File Size: 79,21 MB
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-- Ecology

Discontinuities In Ecosystems And Other Complex Systems

Author: Craig R. Allen
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231516827
File Size: 54,70 MB
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Following the publication of C. S. Holling's seminal work on the relationship between animal body mass patterns and scale-specific landscape structure, ecologists began to explore the theoretical and applied consequences of discontinuities in ecosystems and other complex systems. Are ecosystems and their components continuously distributed and do they adhere to scaling laws, or are they discontinuous and more complex than early models would have us believe? The resulting propositions over the structure of complex systems sparked an ongoing debate regarding the mechanisms generating discontinuities and the statistical methods used for their detection. This volume takes the view that ecosystems and other complex systems are inherently discontinuous and that such fields as ecology, economics, and urban studies greatly benefit from this paradigm shift. Contributors present evidence of the ubiquity of discontinuous distributions in ecological and social systems and how their analysis provides insight into complex phenomena. The book is divided into three sections. The first focuses on background material and contrasting views concerning the discontinuous organization of complex systems. The second discusses discontinuous patterns detected in a number of different systems and methods for detecting them, and the third touches on the potential significance of discontinuities in complex systems. Science is still dominated by a focus on power laws, but the contributors to this volume are convinced power laws often mask the interesting dynamics of systems and that those dynamics are best revealed by investigating deviations from assumed power law distributions. In 2008, a grand conference on resilience was held in Stockholm, hosting 600 participants from around the world. There are now three big centers established with resilience, the most recent one being the Stockholm Resilience Center, with others in Australia (an international coral reef center), Arizona State University's new sustainability center focusing on anthropology, and Canada's emerging social sciences and resilience center. Activity continues to flourish in Alaska, South Africa, and the Untied Kingdom, and a new center is forming in Uruguay.

Bird Ecology And Conservation

Author: William J. Sutherland
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191036986
File Size: 38,53 MB
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The aim of this book is to outline the main methods and techniques available to ornithologists. A general shortage of information about available techniques is greatly hindering progress in avian ecology and conservation. Currently this sort of information is disparate and difficult to locate with much of it widely dispersed in books, journals and grey literature. Sutherland and his editorial team bring together in a single authoritative source all the ornithological techniques the avian community will ever need. For use by graduate students, researchers and practising conservationists worldwide. Bird Ecology and Conservation is the first title in a new series of practical handbooks which include titles focusing on specific taxonomic groups as well as those describing broader themes and subjects. The series editor is William J Sutherland.

The Wildlife Techniques Manual

Author: Nova J. Silvy
Editor: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421406977
File Size: 57,22 MB
Format: PDF
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Since its original publication in 1960, The Wildlife Techniques Manual has remained the cornerstone text for the professional wildlife biologist. Now fully revised and updated, this seventh edition promises to be the most comprehensive resource on wildlife biology, conservation, and management for years to come. Superbly edited by Nova J. Silvy, the thirty-seven authoritative chapters included in this work provide a full synthesis of methods used in the field and laboratory. Chapter authors, all leading wildlife professionals, explain and critique traditional and new methodologies and offer thorough discussions of a wide range of relevant topics, including: • experimental design • wildlife health and disease • capture techniques • population estimation • telemetry • vegetation analysis • conservation genetics • wildlife damage management • urban wildlife management • habitat conservation planning A standard text in a variety of courses, the Techniques Manual, as it is commonly called, covers every aspect of modern wildlife management and provides practical information for applying the hundreds of methods described in its pages. To effectively incorporate the explosion of new information in the wildlife profession, this latest edition is logically organized into a two-volume set: Volume 1 is devoted to research techniques and Volume 2 focuses on management methodologies. The Wildlife Techniques Manual is a resource that professionals and students in wildlife biology, conservation, and management simply cannot do without. Published in association with The Wildlife Society

Northwest Science

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ISBN:
File Size: 29,24 MB
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Stop Working Start Thinking

Author: Jack Cohen
Editor: Garland Science
ISBN: 9780415368308
File Size: 12,38 MB
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This book aims to encourage young researchers to think more clearly about their experiments, from experimental design to data interpretation. This new edition has new material throughout and a new chapter on measurement interpretation, including an examination of cryptic assumptions.

Methods In Comparative Plant Population Ecology

Author: David Gibson
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191651230
File Size: 48,13 MB
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The field of plant population ecology has advanced considerably in the last decade since the first edition was published. In particular there have been substantial and ongoing advances in statistics and modelling applications in population ecology, as well as an explosion of new techniques reflecting the availability of new technologies (e.g. affordable and accurate Global Positioning Systems) and advances in molecular biology. This new edition has been updated and revised with more recent examples replacing older ones where appropriate. The book's trademark question-driven approach has been maintained and some important topics such as the metapopulation concept which are missing entirely from the current edition are now included throughout the text.

The Ecological Consequences Of Host Density Dependence And Parasitoid Fecundity For Host Parasitoid Population Dynamics

Author: Stephen D. Lane
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 34,44 MB
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Issues In The Ecological Study Of Learning

Author: T. D. Johnston
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 131776840X
File Size: 12,63 MB
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First published in 1985. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Book Review Index

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ISBN:
File Size: 11,88 MB
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A Review Of Ecological Research In Middle America

Author: Charles F. Bennett
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 66,59 MB
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Ecological Restoration

Author: George H. Pardue
Editor: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
File Size: 63,18 MB
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Human exploitation of stream and land ecosystems has created the need to preserve, restore and rehabilitate. This book discusses the scientific basis of restoration for ecological improvement and some key issues associated with overall projects. In addition, some of the challenges and opportunities for further research in river restoration science is explored and the associated fields of ecohydraulics and eco-hydromorphology. An analysis of the effects of river side-arm restoration on ecosystem functions is also included, as well as an experimental approach to assessing marsh restoration as compared to a strict monitoring process. The concept of combinatorial biodiversity auction is discussed in this book, showing that the combinatorial biodiversity auction can allow farmers to benefit from cost complementarities and help to maximise biodiversity outcomes within a given budget. Also included is a presentation of the need for restoration and rehabilitation projects developed according to an ecological theory considering species life history, habitat template and spatio-temporal scope, the bi-directional effect of self-renaturalisation processes on the environment and a study on how different river typologies may alter the evaluations of biological quality.

Scale Heterogeneity And The Structure And Diversity Of Ecological Communities

Author: Mark E. Ritchie
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 63,94 MB
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Understanding and predicting species diversity in ecological communities is one of the great challenges in community ecology. Popular recent theory contends that the traits of species are "neutral" or unimportant to coexistence, yet abundant experimental evidence suggests that multiple species are able to coexist on the same limiting resource precisely because they differ in key traits, such as body size, diet, and resource demand. This book presents a new theory of coexistence that incorporates two important aspects of biodiversity in nature--scale and spatial variation in the supply of limiting resources. Introducing an innovative model that uses fractal geometry to describe the complex physical structure of nature, Mark Ritchie shows how species traits, particularly body size, lead to spatial patterns of resource use that allow species to coexist. He explains how this criterion for coexistence can be converted into a "rule" for how many species can be "packed" into an environment given the supply of resources and their spatial variability. He then demonstrates how this rule can be used to predict a range of patterns in ecological communities, such as body-size distributions, species-abundance distributions, and species-area relations. Ritchie illustrates how the predictions closely match data from many real communities, including those of mammalian herbivores, grasshoppers, dung beetles, and birds. This book offers a compelling alternative to "neutral" theory in community ecology, one that helps us better understand patterns of biodiversity across the Earth.

Ecology

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ISBN:
File Size: 16,56 MB
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Models For Ecological Data

Author: James Samuel Clark
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 50,84 MB
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"Clark brings emerging statistical approaches alive by putting the ecology first. Writing from the perspective of a field ecologist who must confront complex data without suppressing important detail, Clark describes new methods that are well matched to the richness of real ecological data. At last we have a text that makes these tools accessible to ecologists."--Stephen R. Carpenter, University of Wisconsin, Madison "Jim Clark has been able to pitch his message just right; one can see the ecological forest and the statistical, distributional, and computational trees at the same time. By reading this book, statisticians will gain an appreciation for the complexity of models in the ecological and environmental sciences, and ecologists will see the potential for hierarchical statistical modeling in their research arenas. Clark explains his material extremely well, but he is also rigorous in his statistical developments."--Noel Cressie, Ohio State University "Clark's book is monumental--I don't think there is any other source that provides this range of sources and methods. He presents a huge amount of useful material, focusing on the development and application of Bayesian hierarchical models for the analysis of ecological and environmental models. It's hard to imagine finding such a collection of information--the results of extensive experience with recent ecological, environmental, and statistical literature--in one place. And I heartily agree with the author's philosophical stances on simplicity and complexity, statistical pragmatism, and the need for common sense."--Benjamin Bolker, University of Florida "I strongly believe that this is potentially a landmark book in ecology. Its integration of modern statistical methods and ecological theory and data is fundamentally new. The book will train ecologists and other quantitative scientists in the 'new modeling techniques' that are becoming ever more prevalent in their field. In particular, the book describes how one should deal with complicated problems in which there is uncertainty in data, model, and parameters. James Clark does a wonderful job of integrating modern likelihood-based statistical methods as well as describing and demonstrating the advantages of the Bayesian approach."--Christopher K. Wikle, University of Missouri, Columbia