The Health Gap

Autore: Michael Marmot
Editore: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1408857987
Grandezza: 48,62 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 9594
Download

'Splendid and necessary' - Henry Marsh, author of Do No Harm, New Statesman There are dramatic differences in health between countries and within countries. But this is not a simple matter of rich and poor. A poor man in Glasgow is rich compared to the average Indian, but the Glaswegian's life expectancy is 8 years shorter. The Indian is dying of infectious disease linked to his poverty; the Glaswegian of violent death, suicide, heart disease linked to a rich country's version of disadvantage. In all countries, people at relative social disadvantage suffer health disadvantage, dramatically so. Within countries, the higher the social status of individuals the better is their health. These health inequalities defy usual explanations. Conventional approaches to improving health have emphasised access to technical solutions – improved medical care, sanitation, and control of disease vectors; or behaviours – smoking, drinking – obesity, linked to diabetes, heart disease and cancer. These approaches only go so far. Creating the conditions for people to lead flourishing lives, and thus empowering individuals and communities, is key to reduction of health inequalities. In addition to the scale of material success, your position in the social hierarchy also directly affects your health, the higher you are on the social scale, the longer you will live and the better your health will be. As people change rank, so their health risk changes. What makes these health inequalities unjust is that evidence from round the world shows we know what to do to make them smaller. This new evidence is compelling. It has the potential to change radically the way we think about health, and indeed society.

The Health Gap

Autore: Jennifer Kitts
Editore: IDRC
ISBN: 9780889367722
Grandezza: 20,97 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 927
Download

Women and AIDS, tropical diseases, women and the work environment, barriers to quality health care for women, and the health of adolescents and older women are some of the issues addressed in this book. The Health Gap identifies and addresses key gaps in gender and health research, identifies new and emerging themes in women's health, and sets priorities for future action.

Closing The Health Gap Of Veterans In Rural Areas

Autore: United States House of Representatives
Editore:
ISBN: 9781691269549
Grandezza: 42,62 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 480
Download

Closing the health gap of veterans in rural areas: discussion of funding and resource coordination: hearing before the Subcommittee on Health of the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, first session, March 19, 2009.

Global Health Disparities Closing The Gap Through Good Governance

Autore: Assistant Professor Tufts University Medical School Boston Massachusetts Enku Kebede-Francis
Editore: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449619347
Grandezza: 64,21 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 7397
Download

One hundred countries more than half of the world s population have made significant strides in the last 30 years, improving life expectancy and the health of their populations. Despite socioeconomic limitations, extended wars, embargos, and geographic limitations, these countries managed to provide basic health care, primary education, and clean water for their populations. In this unique book, the author puts these, and many other countries, under the microscope through a detailed examination of best practices and best outcomes. Anchored on landmark UN declarations, and based on numerous indices including the World Development Index, Global Health Disparities: Closing the Gap Through Good Governance covers relevant policies and laws in international health and offers many data, tables, and figures. Discussion questions are included in each chapter to be used as assignments, debate topics, and to facilitate classroom learning. Ideal for graduate level global/international public health courses as well as courses in international relations and international policy."

Closing The Gap In A Generation

Autore: WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health
Editore: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241563702
Grandezza: 72,35 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 159
Download

Social justice is a matter of life and death. It affects the way people live, their consequent chance of illness, and their risk of premature death. We watch in wonder as life expectancy and good health continue to increase in parts of the world and in alarm as they fail to improve in others.

The Health Disparities Myth

Autore: Jonathan Klick
Editore: A E I Press
ISBN:
Grandezza: 11,67 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 1610
Download

The authors of this book conclude that differences in treatment vary by race but not because of it.

Closing The Health Gap Of Veterans In Rural Areas

Autore: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Veterans' Affairs. Subcommittee on Health
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 29,78 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 8884
Download


Reducing Inequalities In Health

Autore: Martijntje Bakker
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1134511329
Grandezza: 12,78 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 1909
Download

Socio-economic inequalities in health are present to a greater or lesser extent in all European countries and the available data suggests that the health gap is increasing. Many studies have been conducted to explain inequalities in health and from them much has been learnt about the different contributory factors. However, in practice it seems hard to translate the knowledge of causes into effective interventions and policies. Reducing Inequalities in Health: a European Perspective: * brings together an unrivalled collection of contemporary data on successful policies and interventions * compares differences in approach in several European countries * includes recent evaluation studies * discusses conceptual issues for research * provides examples of good and bad practice in Europe * draws out the policy and research implications for the future With contributions from leading researchers in 14 different European countries, this book provides a comprehensive source of reference for the reader interested in what really works in the field of health promotion and what sort of policies reduce the health gap.

Challenging Inequities In Health

Autore: Timothy Evans
Editore: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199747917
Grandezza: 38,22 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 2671
Download

There is a growing sense that the "health gap" between socioeconomic groups is getting worse in many countries. To address this gap, conceptual clarity and empirical evidence are needed along with a greater focus on equity in policy-making. This book is designed to present cutting-edge research and policy analysis to a wide non-specialist readership of students, professionals and policy-makers. It brings together in one volume new perspectives on the conceptual foundations of health equity, empirical evidence on the scale and nature of he inequities in health in twelve countries around the world, and assessments of the associated policy developments and their implications for the future. It aims to help build global capacity to measure, monitor and interpret developments in health equity at a national and international level. The in-depth country analyses draw on epidemiology, demography, economics and other fields to approach health inequalities from several different angles. The topics covered range from adolescent livelihoods in Tanzania to the health burden of indigenous peoples in Mexico, from health equity in Japan to the gender gap in life expectancy in Russia. The book is a unique demonstration of global cooperation in bringing together and giving equal weight to work on health equity carried out in the southern and northern hemispheres.

Mental Health Gap U2013 Intervention Guide Training In Brazil Building Integrated Primary Mental Health Care

Autore: Carolina Manso
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 15,63 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 5700
Download

Objectives: To analyze trainings with Mental Health Gap Intervention Guide (MHGap-IG-version 1) for depression care in Brazil. To discuss the use of the MHGap-IG in organizing an Integrated Mental Health Network based on primary mental health care. Background: Primary Mental Health Care is the most effective way of overcoming the mental health treatment gap. Building up providersu00b4 capacity within an integrated network is a key aspect. Methods: The modules of Introduction, Depression, Suicide and Others from MHGap-IG Version 1.0 in Portuguese were used. Activities to develop integrated mental health care and teach the use of active methodologies were included. The training lasted two and a half days. Evaluation was held in the last hour of each meeting with an one hour activity using the questions: u201cso good; u201cso bad, so whatu201d as ice-breakers.Results: Trainings were held in 2017 in seven states, organized by PAHO-Brazil, LIPAPS/UERJ and State Health Secretaries. A total of 285 professionals participated, mainly mental health professionals(50%) but also general practitioners (13%), nurses (22%) and managers, students or university professors. The biggest problems were the duration and the lack of discussion on alcohol and drugs abuse. Guaranteeing the continuity of the training, both through database materials or collaborative care, with joint consultations, were proposed. Conclusion: The training was considered positive. However, continuous training through practical activities for the development of skills and help the integration between professionals of different categories were considered necessary. MHGap-IG version 2 has included supervision as a strategy for continuous education.

Poverty Income Inequality And Health In Canada

Autore:
Editore:
ISBN: 0968853986
Grandezza: 14,42 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 4426
Download


Review Of Social Determinants And The Health Divide In The Who European Region

Autore: Michael Marmot
Editore: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789289000307
Grandezza: 54,31 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 8219
Download

The WHO European Region has seen remarkable health gains, though inequities persist both between and within countries. Much more is understood now about the extent and social causes of these inequities, particularly since the 2008 report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health. This review of inequities in health across the 53 Member States of the Region was commissioned to support the development of the new European policy framework for health and well-being, Health 2020. It builds on the global evidence and recommends policies to reduce health inequities and the health divide across all countries, including those with low incomes. The report is presented in four parts. Part I provides the context and background to the review, and sets out the key principles underpinning the recommendations and the rationale for grouping them into four broad themes: life-course stages, wider society, the broader macro-level context, and governance, delivery and monitoring systems. Part II summarizes current evidence on the magnitude of the health divide among European Region countries, describing the inequities in health and their social determinants. Part III focuses on the four themes, making recommendations with supporting evidence. Part IV outlines the implementation issues, summarizes the framework for action, discusses reasons for failure, provides guidance on good practice and summarizes the review's conclusions and recommendations. The review is a wake-up call to political and professional leaders alike, an opportunity for them to facilitate the work of those dedicated to improving health outcomes and narrow the health gap between and within the countries of the Region.

The Ethics Of Health Care Rationing

Autore: John Butler
Editore: SAGE
ISBN: 9780304705825
Grandezza: 67,50 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 3470
Download

This volume explains why, and in what ways, health care is being rationed in the late-1990s health service. It examines the ethical questions which arise from this rationing and includes personal case studies, from surgeons to geriatric advisors.

Inequalities In Health In The 1980 S

Autore: Alison J. Elliot
Editore: CTPI (Edinburgh)
ISBN: 1870126041
Grandezza: 38,20 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 6395
Download


Health Inequality

Autore: Yukiko Asada
Editore: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442616695
Grandezza: 49,31 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 4554
Download

In the last decade, there has been an explosion of academic interest in health inequality. Although it is seldom stated explicitly, research into this area is inexorably tied to questions of morality and ethics. In this study, Yukiko Asada seeks to acknowledge the role that morality and theories of justice play in health inequality research, and to articulate the moral philosophy underlying this field of inquiry. Comprised of two distinct parts, Health Inequality first proposes a framework for measuring health inequality reflecting moral concern, then goes on to show how this framework can be applied to quantitative study. Using a specific time period as a case study, Asada questions whether or not health equity improved in the United States between 1990 and 1995. She suggests that the question of whether, and by how much, health inequity changed in the United States is dependent on the morality and accompanying empirical strategy used in the analysis. A unique blend of philosophy and quantitative research, Health Inequality will prove a valuable tool for academics and policymakers alike.

Mhgap Intervention Guide For Mental Neurological And Substance Use Disorders In Non Specialized Health Settings Version 2 0

Autore: World Health Organization
Editore:
ISBN: 9789241549790
Grandezza: 55,19 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 3309
Download

The mhGAP Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) for Mental, Neurological and Substance-use Disorders for Non-specialist Health Settings, is a technical tool developed by WHO to assist in implementation of mhGAP. The Intervention Guide has been developed through a systematic review of evidence followed by an international consultative and participatory process. The mhGAP-IG presents integrated management of priority conditions using protocols for clinical decision-making. The priority conditions included are: depression, psychosis, bipolar disorders, epilepsy, developmental and behavioural disorders in children and adolescents, dementia, alcohol use disorders, drug use disorders, self-harm/suicide and other significant emotional or medically unexplained complaints. The mhGAP-IG is a model guide and has been developed for use by health-care providers working in non-specialized health-care settings after adaptation for national and local needs.

Closing The Gap

Autore: Keith E. Whitfield
Editore:
ISBN: 9780929596075
Grandezza: 38,87 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 7474
Download


Advancing The Human Right To Health

Autore: José M. Zuniga
Editore: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191637645
Grandezza: 64,57 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 3204
Download

Advancing the Human Right to Health offers a prospective on the global response to one of the greatest moral, legal, and public health challenges of the 21st century - achieving the human right to health as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other legal instruments. Featuring writings by global thought-leaders in the world of health human rights, the book brings clarity to many of the complex clinical, ethical, economic, legal, and socio-cultural questions raised by injury, disease, and deeper determinants of health, such as poverty. Much more than a primer on the right to health, this book features an examination of profound inequalities in health, which have resulted in millions of people condemned to unnecessary suffering and hastened deaths. In so doing, it provides a thoughtful account of the right to health's parameters, strategies on ways in which to achieve it, and discussion of why it is so essential in a 21st century context. Country-specific case studies provide context for analysing the right to health and assessing whether, and to what extent, this right has influenced critical decision-making that makes a difference in people's lives. Thematic chapters also look at the specific challenges involved in translating the right to health into action. Advancing the Human Right to Health highlights the urgency to build upon the progress made in securing the right to health for all, offering a timely reminder that all stakeholders must redouble their efforts to advance the human right to health.

Introduction To Public Health E Book

Autore: Mary Louise Fleming
Editore: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0729578909
Grandezza: 41,91 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 5314
Download

This text introduces students to the core concepts and principles of public health: the nature and scope of public health; its history; an introduction to health determinants and epidemiology; evidence-based practice in public health and understanding public health data plus more.

Global Health

Autore: Michael H. Merson
Editore: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449659098
Grandezza: 19,58 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 3179
Download

The Third Edition (formerly titled International Public Health) brings together contributions from the world's leading authorities into a single comprehensive text. It thoroughly examines the wide range of global health challenges facing low and middle income countries today and the various approaches nations adopt to deal with them. These challenges include measurement of health status, infectious and chronic diseases, injuries, nutrition, reproductive health, global environmental health and complex emergencies. This thorough revision also explores emerging health systems, their financing, and management, and the roles of nation states, international agencies, the private sector and nongovernmental organizations in promoting health. Your students will come away with a clear understanding of how globalization is impacting on global health, and of the relationship between health and economic development.