The Metaphysics

Author: Aristotle
Editor: Courier Dover Publications
ISBN: 0486827410
File Size: 64,85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 5809
Download

The ancient Greek thinker refutes skepticism, demonstrates God's existence, compares metaphysics to the other sciences, elucidates the nature of the infinite, and explores other major philosophical issues.

The Metaphysics Of The Material World

Author: Tad M. Schmaltz
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190070226
File Size: 36,52 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 8684
Download

In The Metaphysics of the Material World, Tad M. Schmaltz traces a particular development of the metaphysics of the material world in early modern thought. The route Schmaltz follows derives from a critique of Spinoza in the work of Pierre Bayle. Bayle charged in particular that Spinoza's monistic conception of the material world founders on the account of extension and its "modes" and parts that he inherited from Descartes, and that Descartes in turn inherited from late scholasticism, and ultimately from Aristotle. After an initial discussion of Bayle's critique of Spinoza and its relation to Aristotle's distinction between substance and accident, this study starts with the original re-conceptualization of Aristotle's metaphysics of the material world that we find in the work of the early modern scholastic Su�rez. What receives particular attention is Su�rez's introduction of the "modal distinction" and his distinctive account of the Aristotelian accident of "continuous quantity." This examination of Su�rez is followed by a treatment of the connections of his particular version of the scholastic conception of the material world to the very different conception that Descartes offered. Especially important is Descartes's view of the relation of extended substance both to its modes and to the parts that compose it. Finally, there is a consideration of what these developments in Su�rez and Descartes have to teach us about Spinoza's monistic conception of the material world. Of special concern here is to draw on this historical narrative to provide a re-assessment of Bayle's critique of Spinoza.

Groundwork For The Metaphysics Of Morals

Author: Immanuel Kant
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198786190
File Size: 50,91 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 2335
Download

[T]he present groundwork is nothing more than the identification and vindication of the supreme principle of morality.' In the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785), Immanuel Kant makes clear his two central intentions: first, to uncover the principle that underpins morality, and secondly to defend its applicability to human beings. The result is one of the most significant texts in the history of ethics, and a masterpiece of Enlightenment thinking. Kant argues that moral law tells us to act only in ways that others could also act, thereby treating them as ends in themselves and not merely as means. Kant contends that despite apparent threats to our freedom from science, and to ethics from our self-interest, we can nonetheless take ourselves to be free rational agents, who as such have a motivation to act on this moral law, and thus the ability to act as moral beings. One of the most studied works of moral philosophy, this new translation by Robert Stern, Joe Saunders, and Christopher Bennett illuminates this famous text for modern readers.

The Metaphysics Of Representation

Author: J. Robert G. Williams
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198850204
File Size: 73,22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 1447
Download

Representing the world is a puzzling thing. How can it be that mundane events such as processing a thought - and from there putting those thoughts into words - acquire this property of "aboutness"? How can expressions, which depend on anything from the most fundamental regularities in theuniverse to trivial matters of gossip, be either true or false? In The Metaphysics of Representation, J. Robert G. Williams tells a story about how representational properties arise out of a fundamentally non-representational world. The representational properties of language are reduced, viaconvention, to the representational properties of thoughts. The representational properties of thoughts are reduced, via principles of rationalization, to the representational properties of perception and intention. And this most fundamental layer of representation is explained in terms of thefunctions they have to communicate. Williams integrates work from rival traditions to present a combined perspective in the metaphysics of representation, give new predictions and explanations of representational phenomena, and offer new solutions to long-standing problems.

The Metaphysics Of Quantities

Author: J. E. Wolff
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198837089
File Size: 29,22 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 5630
Download

What are physical quantities, and in particular, what makes them quantitative? This book articulates and defends an original answer to this important, insufficiently understood question through the novel position of substantival structuralism. This position argues that quantitativeness is an irreducible feature of attributes, and quantitative attributes are best understood as substantival structured spaces. The book first explores what it means for an attribute to be quantitative, and what metaphysical implications a commitment to quantitative attributes has. It then sets the stage to address the metaphysical and ontological consequences of the existence of quantitative attributes.

The Tools Of Metaphysics And The Metaphysics Of Science

Author: Theodore Sider
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019881156X
File Size: 57,29 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 9120
Download

Metaphysics is sensitive to the conceptual tools we choose to articulate metaphysical problems. Those tools are a lens through which we view metaphysical problems, and the same problems will look different when we change the lens. In this book, Theodore Sider identifies how the shift from modal to "postmodal" conceptual tools in recent years has affected the metaphysics of science and mathematics. He highlights, for instance, how the increased consideration of concepts of ground, essence, and fundamentality has transformed the debate over structuralism in many ways. Sider then examines three structuralist positions through a postmodal lens. First, nomic essentialism, which says that scientific properties are secondary and lawlike relationships among them are primary. Second, structuralism about individuals, a general position of which mathematical structuralism and structural realism are instances, which says that scientific and mathematical objects are secondary and the pattern of relations among them is primary. And third, comparativism about quantities, which says that particular values of scientific quantities, such as having exactly 1000g mass, are secondary, and quantitative relations, such as being-twice-as-massive-as, are primary. Sider concludes these discussions by considering the meta-question of when theories are equivalent and how that impacts the debate over structuralism.

The Metaphysics Of Love

Author: Frederick D. Wilhelmsen
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 44,98 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 3898
Download

Donated by Sydney Harris.

The Anatomy Of Scepticism And The Metaphysics Of Science

Author: Richard Wildman
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 49,72 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 8882
Download


The Metaphysics Of The School Pt 1 Book 5 Cont D Causes Of Being

Author: Thomas Harper
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 23,40 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 4197
Download


The Metaphysics Of Death

Author: John Martin Fischer
Editor: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804721042
File Size: 14,41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 2268
Download

This collection of seventeen essays deals with the metaphysical, as opposed to the moral issues pertaining to death. For example, the authors investigate (among other things) the issue of what makes death a bad thing for an individual, if indeed death is a bad thing. This issue is more basic and abstract than such moral questions as the particular conditions under which euthanasia is justified, if it is ever justified. Though there are important connections between the more abstract questions addressed in this book and many contemporary moral issues, such as euthanasia, suicide, and abortion, the primary focus of this book is on metaphysical issues concerning the nature of death: What is the nature of the harm or bad involved in death? (If it is not pain, wha is it, and how can it be bad?) Who is the subject of the harm or bad? (if the person is no longer alive, how can he be the subject of the bad? An if he is not the subject, who is? Can one have harm with no subject?) When does the harm take place? (Can a harm take place after its subject ceases to exist? If death harms a person, can the harm take place before the death occurs?) If death can be a bad thing, would immorality be a desirable alternative? This family of questions helps to fram ethe puzzle of why--and how--death is bad. Other subjects addressed include the Epicurean view othat death is not a misfortune (for the person who dies); the nature of misfortune and benefit; the meaningulness and value of life; and the distinction between the life of a person and the life of a living creature who is not a person. There is an extensive bibiography that includes science-fiction treatments of death and immorality.

Kant The Metaphysics Of Morals

Author: Immanuel Kant
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107268486
File Size: 35,28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 986
Download

The Metaphysics of Morals is Kant's major work in applied moral philosophy in which he deals with the basic principles of rights and of virtues. It comprises two parts: the 'Doctrine of Right', which deals with the rights which people have or can acquire, and the 'Doctrine of Virtue', which deals with the virtues they ought to acquire. Mary Gregor's translation, revised for publication in the Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy series, is the only complete translation of the whole text, and includes extensive annotation on Kant's difficult and sometimes unfamiliar vocabulary. A new introduction by Roger Sullivan sets the work in its historical and philosophical context. This volume will be of wide interest to students of ethics and of legal and political philosophy.

Metaphysical Elements Of Justice

Author: Immanuel Kant
Editor: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9780872204188
File Size: 66,79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 401
Download

German philosopher Kant's (1724-1804) Metaphysische Angangsgrunde der Rechtslehre has been given several English titles, including the Philosophy of Law and the Doctrine of Right. It discusses contracts, marriage, and family. Ladd (philosophy, Brown U.) revises his translation from some 40 years ago based on secondary scholarship since then, and new German editions, especially those reinstating material abridged in earlier ones. Paper edition (unseen), $9.95. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Kant Groundwork Of The Metaphysics Of Morals

Author: Immanuel Kant
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521626958
File Size: 44,55 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 1774
Download

A new edition of one of the most influential works in moral philosophy ever written.

Routledge Philosophy Guidebook To Aristotle And The Metaphysics

Author: Vasilis Politis
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415251488
File Size: 62,10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 8021
Download

This GuideBook looks at the Metaphysics thematically and takes the student through the main arguments found in the text. The book introduces and assesses Aristotle's life and the background to the Metaphysics, its ideas and text.

The Metaphysics Of Aristotle

Author: Aristotle
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 55,71 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 8709
Download


The Metaphysics Of Time

Author: Bradley Harris Dowden
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742560314
File Size: 55,93 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 7712
Download

Seventh in the New Dialogues in Philosophy series, this book discusses the concept of time and shows in the simplest ways how time informs discussions about causality, creation, physics, consciousness of time, and much more. Creating a series of conversations between two fictional characters, Bradley Dowden uses the characters to explore nine metaphysical issues involving time. Through the dialogue between his two protagonists, Dowden offers well-known arguments in the field of metaphysics for positions on such topics as the finite nature of time, absolute versus relational time, and Zeno's paradoxes of motion. The book draws on the theories of numerous philosophers, including Aristotle, Quine, Chrysippus, St. Augustine, Earman, Van Fraassen, Liebniz, and Hawking.

The Metaphysics Of Technology

Author: David Skrbina
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134757352
File Size: 60,86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 486
Download

What is technology? Why does it have such power in our lives? Why does it seemingly progress of its own accord, and without regard to social or environmental well-being? The quest for the essence of technology is an old one, with roots in the pre-Socratic philosophy of ancient Greece. It was then that certain thinkers first joined the ideas of technê and logos into a single worldview. The Greeks saw it as a kind of world-force, present in both the works of men and in nature itself. It was the very creative power of the cosmos. In the 20th century, German thinkers like Dessauer, Juenger, and Heidegger sought the metaphysical basis of technology, with varying success. French theologian Jacques Ellul argued persuasively that technology was an autonomous force of nature that determined all aspects of human existence, but he neglected the metaphysical underpinnings. Recent writers in the philosophy of technology have generally eschewed metaphysics altogether, preferring to concentrate on constructivist models or pragmatic analyses. In the present work, Skrbina returns to a classic metaphysical approach, seeking not so much an essence of technology but rather a deep and penetrating analysis of the entire technological phenomenon. Drawing on the Greeks, he argues for a teleological metaphysics in which increasing order in the universe is itself defined as a technological process. On this reading, all of reality constitutes a technical sphere, a "pantechnikon," of universal scope. This work — the first-ever book-length treatment of the topic — breaks new ground by providing an in-depth and critical study of the metaphysics of technology, as well as drawing out the practical consequences. Technology poses significant risks to humanity and the planet, risks that can be mitigated through a detailed philosophical analysis.

Existence And The Good

Author: Franklin I. Gamwell
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438435940
File Size: 23,73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 4452
Download

Argues that morals and politics require on a metaphysical backing and proposes a neoclassical metaphysics.

Physicalism And Mental Causation

Author: Sven Walter
Editor: Imprint Academic
ISBN: 9780907845461
File Size: 42,93 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 7027
Download

This book presents a range of essays on the conceptual foundations of physicalism, mental causation and human agency, written by established and leading authors in the field

German Political Philosophy

Author: Chris Thornhill
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0203966406
File Size: 15,54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 9323
Download

This book combines philosophical, intellectual-historical and political-theoretical methodologies to provide a new synoptic reading of the history of German political philosophy. Incorporating chapters on the political ideas of Luther and Zwingli, on the politics of the early Enlightenment, on Idealism, on Historicism and Lukács, on early Twentieth-Century political theology, on the Frankfurt School, and on Habermas and Luhmann, the book sets out both a broad and a detailed discussion of German political reflection from the Reformation to the present. In doing so, it explains how the development of German political philosophy is marked by a continual concern with certain unresolved and recurrent problems. It claims that all the major positions address questions relating to the origin of law, that all seek to account for the relation between legal validity and metaphysical and theological superstructures, and that all are centred on the attempt to conceptualise and reconstruct the character of the legal subject.