The Performance Cortex

Author: Zach Schonbrun
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1101986344
File Size: 12,69 MB
Format: PDF
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“A must-read for the cerebral sports fan…like Moneyball except nerdier. Much nerdier.” --Sports Illustrated Why couldn't Michael Jordan, master athlete that he was, crush a baseball? Why can't modern robotics come close to replicating the dexterity of a five-year-old? Why do good quarterbacks always seem to know where their receivers are? On a quest to discover what actually drives human movement and its spectacular potential, journalist, sports writer, and fan Zach Schonbrun interviewed experts on motor control around the world. The trail begins with the groundbreaking work of two neuroscientists in Major League Baseball who are upending the traditional ways scouts evaluate the speed with which great players read a pitch. Across all sports, new theories and revolutionary technology are revealing how the brain's motor control system works in extraordinary talented athletes like Stephen Curry, Tom Brady, Serena Williams, and Lionel Messi; as well as musical virtuosos, dancers, rock climbers, race-car drivers, and more. Whether it is timing a 95 mph fastball or reaching for a coffee mug, movement requires a complex suite of computations that many take for granted--until they read The Performance Cortex. Zach Schonbrun ushers in a new way of thinking about the athletic gifts we marvel over and seek to develop in our own lives. It's not about the million-dollar arm anymore. It's about the million-dollar brain.

The Definitive Guide To The Arm Cortex M0

Author: Joseph Yiu
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780123854780
File Size: 65,40 MB
Format: PDF
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The Definitive Guide to the ARM Cortex-M0 is a guide for users of ARM Cortex-M0 microcontrollers. It presents many examples to make it easy for novice embedded-software developers to use the full 32-bit ARM Cortex-M0 processor. It provides an overview of ARM and ARM processors and discusses the benefits of ARM Cortex-M0 over 8-bit or 16-bit devices in terms of energy efficiency, code density, and ease of use, as well as their features and applications. The book describes the architecture of the Cortex-M0 processor and the programmers model, as well as Cortex-M0 programming and instruction set and how these instructions are used to carry out various operations. Furthermore, it considers how the memory architecture of the Cortex-M0 processor affects software development; Nested Vectored Interrupt Controller (NVIC) and the features it supports, including flexible interrupt management, nested interrupt support, vectored exception entry, and interrupt masking; and Cortex-M0 features that target the embedded operating system. It also explains how to develop simple applications on the Cortex-M0, how to program the Cortex-M0 microcontrollers in assembly and mixed-assembly languages, and how the low-power features of the Cortex-M0 processor are used in programming. Finally, it describes a number of ARM Cortex-M0 products, such as microcontrollers, development boards, starter kits, and development suites. This book will be useful to both new and advanced users of ARM Cortex devices, from students and hobbyists to researchers, professional embedded- software developers, electronic enthusiasts, and even semiconductor product designers. The first and definitive book on the new ARM Cortex-M0 architecture targeting the large 8-bit and 16-bit microcontroller market Explains the Cortex-M0 architecture and how to program it using practical examples Written by an engineer at ARM who was heavily involved in its development

The Prefrontal Cortex

Author: Joaquin Fuster
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080887982
File Size: 36,98 MB
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This is the fourth edition of the undisputed classic on the prefrontal cortex, the principal "executive" structure of the brain. Because of its role in such cognitive functions as working memory, planning, and decision-making, the prefrontal cortex is critically involved in the organization of behavior, language, and reasoning. Prefrontal dysfunction lies at the foundation of several psychotic and neurodegenerative disorders, including schizophrenia and dementia. * Written by an award-winning author who discovered "memory cells"-the physiological substrate of working memory * Provides an in-depth examination of the contributions of every relevant methodology, from comparative anatomy to modern imaging * Well-referenced with more than 2000 references

The Definitive Guide To The Arm Cortex M3

Author: Joseph Yiu
Editor: Newnes
ISBN: 9781856179645
File Size: 11,29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This user's guide does far more than simply outline the ARM Cortex-M3 CPU features; it explains step-by-step how to program and implement the processor in real-world designs. It teaches readers how to utilize the complete and thumb instruction sets in order to obtain the best functionality, efficiency, and reuseability. The author, an ARM engineer who helped develop the core, provides many examples and diagrams that aid understanding. Quick reference appendices make locating specific details a snap! Whole chapters are dedicated to: Debugging using the new CoreSight technology Migrating effectively from the ARM7 The Memory Protection Unit Interfaces, Exceptions,Interrupts ...and much more! The only available guide to programming and using the groundbreaking ARM Cortex-M3 processor Easy-to-understand examples, diagrams, quick reference appendices, full instruction and Thumb-2 instruction sets are included T teaches end users how to start from the ground up with the M3, and how to migrate from the ARM7

Neuroscience Of Rule Guided Behavior

Author: Silvia A. Bunge
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198042877
File Size: 77,35 MB
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Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior brings together, for the first time, the experiments and theories that have created the new science of rules. Rules are central to human behavior, but until now the field of neuroscience lacked a synthetic approach to understanding them. How are rules learned, retrieved from memory, maintained in consciousness and implemented? How are they used to solve problems and select among actions and activities? How are the various levels of rules represented in the brain, ranging from simple conditional ones if a traffic light turns red, then stop to rules and strategies of such sophistication that they defy description? And how do brain regions interact to produce rule-guided behavior? These are among the most fundamental questions facing neuroscience, but until recently there was relatively little progress in answering them. It was difficult to probe brain mechanisms in humans, and expert opinion held that animals lacked the capacity for such high-level behavior. However, rapid progress in neuroimaging technology has allowed investigators to explore brain mechanisms in humans, while increasingly sophisticated behavioral methods have revealed that animals can and do use high-level rules to control their behavior. The resulting explosion of information has led to a new science of rules, but it has also produced a plethora of overlapping ideas and terminology and a field sorely in need of synthesis. In this book, Silvia Bunge and Jonathan Wallis bring together the worlds leading cognitive and systems neuroscientists to explain the most recent research on rule-guided behavior. Their work covers a wide range of disciplines and methods, including neuropsychology, functional magnetic resonance imaging, neurophysiology, electroencephalography, neuropharmacology, near-infrared spectroscopy, and transcranial magnetic stimulation. This unprecedented synthesis is a must-read for anyone interested in how complex behavior is controlled and organized by the brain.

The Designer S Guide To The Cortex M Processor Family

Author: Trevor Martin
Editor: Newnes
ISBN: 0080982999
File Size: 73,48 MB
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The Designer’s Guide to the Cortex-M Family is a tutorial-based book giving the key concepts required to develop programs in C with a Cortex M- based processor. The book begins with an overview of the Cortex- M family, giving architectural descriptions supported with practical examples, enabling the engineer to easily develop basic C programs to run on the Cortex- M0/M0+/M3 and M4. It then examines the more advanced features of the Cortex architecture such as memory protection, operating modes and dual stack operation. Once a firm grounding in the Cortex M processor has been established the book introduces the use of a small footprint RTOS and the CMSIS DSP library. With this book you will learn: The key differences between the Cortex M0/M0+/M3 and M4 How to write C programs to run on Cortex-M based processors How to make best use of the Coresight debug system How to do RTOS development The Cortex-M operating modes and memory protection Advanced software techniques that can be used on Cortex-M microcontrollers How to optimise DSP code for the cortex M4 and how to build real time DSP systems An Introduction to the Cortex microcontroller software interface standard (CMSIS), a common framework for all Cortex M- based microcontrollers Coverage of the CMSIS DSP library for Cortex M3 and M4 An evaluation tool chain IDE and debugger which allows the accompanying example projects to be run in simulation on the PC or on low cost hardware

The Auditory Cortex

Author: Peter Heil
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135613362
File Size: 37,17 MB
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Understanding human hearing is not only a scientific challenge but also a problem of growing social and political importance, given the steadily increasing numbers of people with hearing deficits or even deafness. This book is about the highest level of hearing in humans and other mammals. It brings together studies of both humans and animals thereby giving a more profound understanding of the concepts, approaches, techniques, and knowledge of the auditory cortex. All of the most up-to-date procedures of non-invasive imaging are employed in the research that is described.

Human Movement

Author: Tony Everett
Editor: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 070204413X
File Size: 79,79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The sixth edition of this popular text introducing human movement to a range of readers, offers the building blocks, signposts and opportunities to think about the application and integration of basic Human Movement theory. It confirms basic knowledge which is then applied to specific areas. Drawing on the expertise of a range of authors from the healthcare professions, the new edition has adopted a themed approach that links chapters in context. The strength of this current edition is the explicit chapter integration which attempts to mimic the realities of human movement. The themed approach explores the psychosocial influences on movement. Integration is further facilitated by increased cross-referencing between the chapters and the innovative use of one themed case study throughout. Framed about a family unit, this case study enables chapter authors to explicitly apply the content of their chapters to the real world of human movement. Taken as a whole, this more integrated format will enable readers to see the reality and complexity of human movement.

Control Of Cognitive Processes

Author: International Symposium on Attention and Performance
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262133678
File Size: 34,54 MB
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The thirty-two contributions discuss evidence from psychological experiments with healthy and brain-damaged subjects, functional imaging, electrophysiology, and computational modeling.

The Auditory Cortex

Author: Jeffery A. Winer
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441900746
File Size: 25,50 MB
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There has been substantial progress in understanding the contributions of the auditory forebrain to hearing, sound localization, communication, emotive behavior, and cognition. The Auditory Cortex covers the latest knowledge about the auditory forebrain, including the auditory cortex as well as the medial geniculate body in the thalamus. This book will cover all important aspects of the auditory forebrain organization and function, integrating the auditory thalamus and cortex into a smooth, coherent whole. Volume One covers basic auditory neuroscience. It complements The Auditory Cortex, Volume 2: Integrative Neuroscience, which takes a more applied/clinical perspective.

Somesthesis And The Neurobiology Of The Somatosensory Cortex

Author: O. Franzen
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764353223
File Size: 67,50 MB
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This volume is a compilation of current research on somatosensation and its underlying mechanisms written by international experts from a broad range of disciplines. It is divided into six sections: structural basis of information processing and neocortical neurotransmitters, psychophysics of somatosensation, cortical representation of somatosensation, sensory-motor interface, neuronal population behavior, and cortical neurocomputation and modelling. It highlights not only important new findings but also novel methods and technologies applied to major unresolved issues in the field of neuroscience. The number of methods for investigating the neural mechanisms of somatosensory perception has grown substantially in the last decade. The book encompasses levels of inquiry from ionic channels, single unit recordings of neural activity, and functional brain imaging of the coordinated activity of large neuronal ensembles to human psychophysics of controlled natural somatic stimulation. This work is of great value for researchers and students interested in the dynamic neuronal mechanisms involved in the complex processes of sensory perception and provides a picture of our present understanding of the neural representation of the external world relayed through the somatosensory system.

Excitatory Amino Acids And The Cerebral Cortex

Author: Fiorenzo Conti
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262032384
File Size: 34,61 MB
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The 30 contributions in this volume present an account of research activity in excitatory amino acid transmitters, particularly glutamate and aspartate, in the context of the structure and function of the cerebal cortex in health and in disease.

High Performance Computing In Science And Engineering Munich 2002

Author: Siegfried Wagner
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540004745
File Size: 36,22 MB
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High-Performance Computers (HPC) have initiated a revolutionary develop ment in research and technology since many complex and challenging prob lems in this area can only be solved by HPC and a network in modeling, algo rithms and software. In 1998 the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Association) recommended to install an additional Federal High Performance Computer followed by the one in Stuttgart. In January 1999 the Wissenschaftsrat (German Science Council) decided that the Leibniz Rechenzentrum (Computing Center) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Munich should run the second Federal High-Performance Computer in Ger many. The investment cost of this Hochstleistungsrechner in Bayern (HLRB) was borne by the Federal Government of Germany and the Free State of Bavaria whereas the operating cost was at the expense of the Bavarian Gov ernment only. The operation of the HLRB is organized in combination with the - Leibniz-Rechenzentrum (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences as the operating authority of the HLRB - Steering Committee of the HLRB - Competence Network for Technical/Scientific High-Performance Comp- ing in Bavaria (KONWIHR). In 2000 a Hitachi SR8000-Fl was installed. It was the first Teraflops Com puter in Germany and reached a peak performance of two Teraflops after an extension at the end of 2001. The goal of HLRB is to provide computer facil ities necessary to solve challenging scientific and technological problems that cannot be solved on big servers but require large (storage) high-performance (very fast) computers and efficient software.

Cerebral Cortex

Author: Philip S. Ulinski
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306457272
File Size: 11,97 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Attention

Author: Anna C. Nobre
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191662607
File Size: 42,35 MB
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During the last three decades there have been enormous advances in our understanding of the neural mechanisms of selective attention at the network as well as the cellular level. The Oxford Handbook of Attention brings together the different research areas that constitute contemporary attention research into one comprehensive and authoritative volume. In 40 chapters, it covers the most important aspects of attention research from the areas of cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, human and animal neuroscience, and computational modelling. The book is divided into six main sections. Following an introduction from Michael Posner, The Oxford Handbook of Attention begins by looking at theoretical models of attention. The next two sections are dedicated to spatial attention and non-spatial attention respectively. Within section 4, the authors consider the interactions between attention and other psychological domains. The last two sections focus on attention related disorders and on computational models of attention. A final epilogue chapter written by Nobre and Kastner summarizes the questions, methods, findings, and emerging principles of contemporary attention research. For both scholars and students, The Oxford Handbook of Attention provides a concise and state-of-the-art review of the current literature in this field.

Physiology

Author: John Bullock
Editor: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 9780683306033
File Size: 18,82 MB
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The fourth edition of NMS Physiology, a well respected and heavily used text, is written in an outline format useful to medical students who require a physiology course review and a comprehensive study tool for USMLE preparation. This one-volume, portable text contains 300 USMLE-style questions with answers and explanations. New to the edition are more questions, updated case studies in clinical decision making, concise outlines, and expanded diagrams. Sections devoted to endocrinology, acid-base, and pathophysiology also are especially helpful to students.

Conditioning

Author: Charles Woody
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475707010
File Size: 24,78 MB
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I would like to thank all those who contributed to the success of this symposium and its proceedings by providing the material herein. The purpose of the symposium was to examine current know ledge of the brain's function in supporting conditioned behavior. The research of those assembled has led to much of this knowledge. It is a pleasure to acknowledge the organizational help of Drs. D. Alkon, D. Cohen, J. Disterhoft, T. Thach, R. Thompson, and L. Voronin, and also the UCLA Brain Research Institute, the UCLA Mental Re tardation Research Center, and Dolores Squires, who assisted faith fully in the administrative organization of the symposium. Special thanks are also due the publisher and publishing editor, James Busis, for lending us their expertise in the preparation of camera-ready material and its rapid publication. C. D. Woody CONTENTS THE ROLE OF THE HIPPOCAMPUS IN THE ACQUISITION OF LEARNED BEHAVIOR Role of the Hippocampus in Reversal Learning of the Rabbit Nictitating Membrane Response 1 Theodore W. Berger and William B. Orr Long Term Modulation of Intrinsic Membrane Prop- ties of Hippocampal Neurons". . . • . . . . . . . . . . . 13 L. S. Benardo and D. A. Prince Visual and Auditory Cues Support Place Field Ac- vity of Hippocampal Units in the Rat . . . . . . . 37 Phillip J. Best and Alvin J. Hill Hippocampal Plasticity and Excitatory Neurotrans mitters . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Carl W. Cotman, Graham E. Fagg, and Thomas H.

Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors

Author: Jean-Pierre Changeux
Editor: ODILE JACOB PUBLISHING CORP
ISBN: 0976890801
File Size: 10,10 MB
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Richly illustrated and lucidly written, this book provides an exceptional opportunity for scientists and students to follow a historic advance in our knowledge of molecular mechanisms and the workings of the brain.

Touch And Blindness

Author: Morton A. Heller
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135619301
File Size: 30,70 MB
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Research on touch and blindness has undergone rapid transformation in recent years, with dramatic developments in technology designed to provide assistance to those who are blind, and advancements in robotics that demand haptic interfaces. Touch and Blindness approaches the study of the topic from the perspectives of psychological methodology and the most sophisticated, state-of-the-art techniques in neuroscience. This book, edited by well-known leaders in the field, is derived from the discussions presented by speakers at a conference held in 2002, and presents current research in the field. The book is arranged in a logical, disciplinary fashion, first discussing touch and blindness from a psychological perspective, followed by an examination from the perspective of neuroscience. Some specific topics include: *processing spatial information from touch and movement; *form, projection, and pictures for the blind; *neural substrate and visual and tactile object representations; and *the role of visual cortex in tactile processing. Touch and Blindness is ideal for researchers in psychology and neuroscience, medicine, and special education.