The Tradesmen S Tokens Of The Eighteenth Century

Autore: James Atkins
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 46,37 MB
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Vista: 5587
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Tokens Issued In The Seventeenth Eighteenth And Nineteenth Centuries In Yorkshire

Autore: William Boyne
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 51,86 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 9355
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Notes Gleaned From Contemporary Literature C Respecting The Issuers Of The Eighteenth Century Tokens Struck For The County Of Middlesex Arranged

Autore: Arthur W. Waters
Editore: Sagwan Press
ISBN: 9781377171531
Grandezza: 18,87 MB
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Vista: 9747
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

The Transformation Of England

Autore: Peter Mathias
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1136600221
Grandezza: 75,28 MB
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Vista: 863
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Peter Mathias’s subject is the creation in late eighteenth-century England of the industrial system – and thereby the present world. That unique conjuncture poses the sharpest questions about the nature of industrialization, social change and historical explanation, issues that are his principal scholarly concern. For many readers these collected studies will be as indispensable as the author’s general introduction, The First Industrial Nation, whether for the richness of their material or the freedom and subtlety of his analysis. These fascinating essays are divided into two groups: general themes, the ‘uniqueness’ in Europe of the industrial revolution, capital formation, taxation, the growth of skills, science and technical change, leisure and wages, diagnoses of poverty; and topics, the social structure, the industrialization of brewing, coinage, agriculture and the drink industries, advances in public health and the armed forces, British and American public finance in the War of Independence, Dr Johnson and the business world. This book was first published in 1979.

Tradesmen S Tickets And Private Tokens 1785 1819

Autore: Robert Charles Bell
Editore: Newcastle upon Tyne : Corbitt & Hunter
ISBN:
Grandezza: 25,52 MB
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Vista: 9448
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Tokens Traders Of Kent In The Seventeenth Eighteenth Nineteenth Centuries

Autore: David Villanueva
Editore:
ISBN: 9780955032585
Grandezza: 78,38 MB
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Vista: 8384
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The Provincial Token-Coinage Coins traditionally contained the value of the metal they were made from, less a nominal amount for the monarch and mint master and could only be produced by Royal decree. By the sixteenth century the penny and its fractions had been reduced in size by inflation becoming inconveniently small to manufacture and use. The general population resorted to using token coins containing less than their intrinsic value of metal until the monarch provided sufficient usable coinage for the needs of trade. Trade tokens were issued in three distinct periods, the first during the seventeenth century, 1648-1672. The second in the eighteenth century, 1787-1801 and finally the nineteenth century, 1811-15. As well as being collectable, like coins, tokens issued by tradesmen contain personal information such as name, location, trade and even spouse's forename initial in many cases and will be of interest to genealogists as well as family and local historians. Metal detectorists are a large group of regular finders of these tokens, who will also be looking for a means of identifying their metal detecting finds. Available Sources A number of eminent numismatists (including Atkins, Boyne, Conder, Dalton, Davis, Dickinson, Hamer, Pye and Williamson) have studied these tokens and produced extensive catalogues, generally covering the whole of a series. Until now the only solution to identification was to wade through these catalogues, which can be very expensive to buy, new or used. These catalogues can be borrowed free from the Library but there are few copies in circulation and waiting times can be lengthy. Many of the catalogues were compiled in the 19th and early 20th centuries so some have been scanned and are available online. The problem with scanning old texts is that the scanner has no real comprehension of what is written and so records what it perceives and the result can be gobbledegook! A further problem is that genealogical information and full token details have been abandoned in more recent catalogues to keep the printing costs and cover price down. This serves the collector well but disadvantages not only the family and local historian but also the finder of excavated tokens where only parts of the detail may be visible. Tokens and Traders of Kent The nature of tokens is that they circulated very near to their place of issue so that the merchant concerned could exchange or redeem them for regal coins. While 18th and 19th century tokens did travel far and wide, especially those redeemable in several major cities, they remained common in their home county. Seventeenth century tokens, those of London excepted, generally only circulated within a seven mile radius of their place of issue. Seven miles was the typical distance between markets where the tokens would have been accepted. This book is written for the casual finder, family and local historian of Kent. It catalogues all Kent token details available including all genealogical and local information recorded in earlier tomes (details of several taverns, inns, public houses and hotels have been updated). In all some 600 recorded seventeenth and around 50 eighteenth and nineteenth century Kent tokens are included, many of which are illustrated. An illustrated section on popular token designs aids identification and the tokens are listed alphabetically by surname within the alphabetical list of place names. If you need to identify a token, use what you can see on the token to quickly scan the appropriate listings and providing it is a Kent token, you are sure to find it!

The Writing Of Urban Histories In Eighteenth Century England

Autore: Junior Research Fellow in History Rosemary Sweet
Editore: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198206699
Grandezza: 35,21 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 6473
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This text provides an analysis of 18th-century urban culture and local historical scholarship. The author shows how a sense of the past was crucial not only in instilling civic pride and shaping a sense of community, but also in informing contests for power and influence in the local community.

Palgrave S Dictionary Of Political Economy

Autore: John Eatwell
Editore: Springer
ISBN: 1349103586
Grandezza: 74,52 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 5725
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Dictionary Of Political Economy

Autore: R. H. Inglis Palgrave
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108080804
Grandezza: 24,58 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 1138
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Originally published between 1894 and 1899, this landmark three-volume work made economic subjects far more accessible to English readers.

Specious Tokens And Those Struck For General Circulation 1784 1804

Autore: Robert Charles Bell
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 57,46 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 2075
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Commercial Coins 1787 1804

Autore: Robert Charles Bell
Editore: Newcastle upon Tyne, England : Corbitt & Hunter
ISBN:
Grandezza: 28,25 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 2314
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The Numismatist

Autore:
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 38,16 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 3140
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Vols. 24-52 include the Proceedings of the American Numismatic Association Convention, 1911-39.

Copper Mountain

Autore: John Rowlands (M.A.)
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 69,37 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 5917
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Dictionary Catalog

Autore: American Numismatic Society. Library
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 78,98 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 3977
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The Numismatic Circular

Autore:
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 16,45 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 3037
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Seaby Coin Medal Bulletin

Autore:
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 48,72 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 5748
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Widener Library Shelflist Archaeology

Autore: Harvard University. Library
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 16,39 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 3909
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Palace Of History

Autore: Glasgow (Scotland). Scottish Exhibition of National History, Art and Industry
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 23,36 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 5866
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A View Of The Silver Coin And Coinage Of England From The Norman Conquest To The Present Time

Autore: Thomas Snelling
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 47,48 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 2510
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Good Money

Autore: George A. Selgin
Editore: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472116312
Grandezza: 63,26 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 3815
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Good Money tells the fascinating story of British manufacturers' challenge to the Crown's monopoly on coinage. In the 1780s, when the Industrial Revolution was gathering momentum, the Royal Mint failed to produce enough small-denomination coinage for factory owners to pay their workers. As the currency shortage threatened to derail industrial progress, manufacturers began to mint custom-made coins, called "tradesman's tokens." Rapidly gaining wide acceptance, these tokens served as the nation's most popular currency for wages and retail sales until 1821, when the Crown outlawed all moneys except its own. Economist George Selgin presents a lively tale of enterprising manufacturers, technological innovations, alternative currencies, and struggles over the right to coin legal money. George Selgin is Professor of Economics in the Terry College of Business at the University of Georgia and Research Fellow at the Independent Institute in Oakland, California (www.independent.org).