The Trb West Group

Author: Jan Albert Bakker
Editor: Sidestone Press
ISBN: 908890023X
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A classic study of the pottery of the TRB West group, originally published in 1979. Bakker deals with the research history and typochronology of the TRB pottery. Also he gives a detailed account of the other TRB finds such as flint and stone artefacts and of course the most important TRB sites. Over the years this book has become a standard-work for anyone who is interested in hunebeds and their makers. The author has written a new introduction to this reprint in which he describes how the book of 1979 came together and the research that has been carried out since then.

Megalithic Research In The Netherlands 1547 1911

Author: Jan Albert Bakker
Editor: Sidestone Press
ISBN: 9088900345
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The impressive megalithic tombs in the northeastern Netherlands are called 'hunebedden', meaning 'Giants' graves'. These enigmatic Neolithic structures date to around 3000 BC and were built by the Funnelbeaker, or TRB, people. The current interpretation of these monuments, however, is the result of over 400 years of megalithic research, the history of which is recorded in this book. The medieval idea that only giants could have put the huge boulders of which they were made into position was still defended in 1660. Others did not venture to explain how hunebeds could have been constructed, but ascribed them to the most ancient, normally sized inhabitants. 16th-century writings speculated that Tacitus was referring to hunebeds when he wrote about the 'Pillars of Hercules' in Germania. Titia Brongersma is the first person recorded to do excavations in a hunebed, in 1685. The human bones she excavated were from normally sized men and suggested that such men, not giants, had constructed the hunebeds. Other haphazard diggings followed, but much worse was the invention of stone covered dikes which required large amounts of stone. This launched a widespread collection of erratic boulders, which included the hunebeds. Boundary stones were stole and several hunebeds were seriously damaged or they vanished completely. Such actions were forbidden in 1734, by one of the earliest laws protecting prehistoric monuments in the world. From the mid 18th century onwards a variety of eminent but relatively unknown researchers studied the hunebeds, including Van Lier (1760), Camper and son (1768-1808), Westendorp (1815), Lukis and Dryden (1878) and Pleytet (1877-1902). This intriguing history of ancient hunebed research ends in 1912, when the modern, systematic excavations of complete hunebeds began and continued until 1985. In the Introduction, a brief general review is given of the present knowledge and ideas about the Hunebed Builders, who lived some 5000 years ago during the Stone Age. The book is illustrated with a large number of drawing and prints from the 16th to the 20th century. An extensive summary in German is included. A brief description of all 53 existing hunebeds and 21-24 excavated demolished ones is included in the appendices.

Persistent Traditions

Author: Luc W.S.W. Amkreutz
Editor: Sidestone Press
ISBN: 9088902038
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The adoption of agriculture is one of the major developments in human history. Archaeological studies have demonstrated that the trajectories of Neolithisation in Northwest Europe were diverse. This book presents a study into the archaeology of the communities involved in the process of Neolithisation in the Lower Rhine Area (5500-2500 cal BC). It elucidates the role played by the indigenous communities in relation to their environmental context and in view of the changes that becoming Neolithic brought about. This work brings together a comprehensive array of excavated archaeological sites in the Lower Rhine Area. Their analysis shows that the succession of Late Mesolithic, Swifterbant culture, Hazendonk group and Vlaardingen culture societies represents a continuous long-term tradition of inhabitation of the wetlands and wetland margins of this area, forming a culturally continuous record of communities in the transition to agriculture. After demonstrating the diversity of the Mesolithic, the subsequent developments regarding Neolithisation are studied from an indigenous perspective. Foregrounding the relationship between local communities and the dynamic wetland landscape, the study shows that the archaeological evidence of regional inhabitation points to long-term flexible behaviour and pragmatic decisions being made concerning livelihood, food economy and mobility. This disposition also influenced how the novel elements of Neolithisation were incorporated. Animal husbandry, crop cultivation and sedentism were an addition to the existing broad spectrum economy but were incorporated within a set of integrative strategies. For the interpretation of Neolithisation this study offers a complementary approach to existing research. Instead of arguing for a short transition based on the economic importance of domesticates and cultigens at sites, this study emphasises the persistent traditions of the communities involved. New elements, instead of bringing about radical changes, are shown to be attuned to existing hunter-gatherer practices. By documenting indications of the mentalité of the inhabitants of the wetlands, it is demonstrated that their mindset remained essentially ‘Mesolithic’ for millennia. This book is accompanied by a separate 422 page volume containing the appendices. These constitute a comprehensive inventory of 159, mostly excavated archaeological sites in the Lower Rhine Area.

Palaeohistoria

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Palaeohistoria 47 48

Author: P. a J. Attema
Editor: Barkhuis
ISBN: 9077922180
File Size: 58,30 MB
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The annual journal Palaeohistoria is edited by the staff of the Groningen Institute of Archaeology, and carries detailed articles on material culture, analysis of radiocarbon data and the results of excavations, surveys and coring campaigns.

Bar International Series

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Fontes Archaeologici Pragenses

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The Dutch Hunebedden

Author: Jan Albert Bakker
Editor: International Monographs in Press
ISBN:
File Size: 26,37 MB
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Hunebedden are the megalithic tombs of the Neolithic Funnel Beaker Culture in the Netherlands. Jan Albert Bakker is one of the few archaeologists in Holland to have excavated a Dutch megalithic tomb, and here he not only draws on and presents the knowledge acquired through excavations, but gives also an overview of the history of Dutch megalithic tomb investigations and an abundantly illustrated compendium of data on all the known megalithic tombs in Holland.

Proceedings Of The Prehistoric Society For

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Gedenkschrift F R J Rgen Driehaus

Author: Jürgen Driehaus
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Trb Culture

Author: Magdalena S. Midgley
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File Size: 20,52 MB
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"This is the first major synthesis of the TRB (Trichterrandbecher - funnel-necked beaker) culture, one of the most extensive cultural patterns in the European prehistory of the 4th and 3rd millennia BC. The TRB culture covers a vast geographical area stretching from South East Poland to the Netherlands, and from Southern Scandinavia to Bohemia and Moravia. Consequently, it presents enormous difficulties to scholars trying to build an overall picture of the culture and its significance: difficulties of language, of the scale of the subject and of the amount of material to be assimilated and assessed. In this book, Magdalena Midgley manages the impressive task of bringing together evidence from the whole North European Plain, including new material published in German, Danish, Dutch, Polish and Russian. It gives the student and the professional archaeologist an up-to-date guide to the basic subject matter from an international perspective, as well as offering an evaluation of the views of other scholars whose findings are not available in English."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Megalithic Quarrying

Author: International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences
Editor: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN:
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This book contains papers in both English and French. Proceedings of the XV World Congress UISPP (Lisbon, 4-9 September 2006) Series editor: Luiz Oosterbeek Volume 31 Session WS02

Archaeoastronomy In Archaeology And Ethnography

Author: European Society for Astronomy in Culture. Meeting
Editor: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN:
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Papers from the annual meeting of SEAC (European Society for Astronomy in Culture) held in Kecskemet in Hungary in 2004. The essays are concerned with the influence which celestial phonemena have had on ancient cultures. Papers range from the chronology of the Exodus period of the Bible to the orientation of Greek temples, burial mounds and megaliths. The ethography section includes several essays on eastern European folk traditions.

Jagen Und Sammeln

Author: Rudolf Fellmann
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Megalithic Graves And Ritual

Author: Glyn Daniel
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File Size: 72,18 MB
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Makot Asy A Trb Site In Bohemia

Author: Emilie Pleslová-Štiková
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Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia

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Archaeologia Polona

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File Size: 69,36 MB
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Prehistoric Pottery

Author: Alex M. Gibson
Editor: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN:
File Size: 16,80 MB
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The `people behind the pots' are never far away from these thirteen papers which cover many aspects of the use and manufacture of prehistoric pottery. The papers, which are all in English, form the proceedings of a conference jointly organised by the Prehistoric Ceramics Research Group and the Ceramics Petrology Group, held in Bradford in 2002. Subjects include: the introduction of pottery in the Somerset Levels during the early Neolithic; the use of ceramics in the Upper Palaeolithic; the potential role of ceramics for recognising evidence for the exploitation of fish; the use of pottery in Dutch Hunebedden; the technological evidence for continuity and change in the late Neolithic in southern France; Proto-Common Ware from Pompeii; Iron Age pottery from Little Paxton near Bedford; the provenance of prehistoric pottery in the East Midlands; new pots or new people? La Tene pottery from Celtic Germany; late prehistoric material from Iberia; organic residues in storage vessels from the Toumba Thessalonikis; new dates for Scottish Bronze Age cinerary urns.