Tree And Forest Measurement

Author: Phil West
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662054361
Size: 19,94 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 725
Download

Everyone who works with forests must measure them, foresters, forestry students, scientists or forest owners. This book summarises modern forest measurement techniques for all those people. It describes how to measure forests, why they are measured and the basis of the science behind the measurements. Trees and forests are large and complex, but even something as difficult as the amount of wood they contain can be measured with quite unsophisticated equipment. This is a book written for all, from professional foresters to the lay person, in fact anyone who needs to measure forests anywhere in the world.

Tree And Forest Measurement

Author: P. W. West
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9783540959656
Size: 20,79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 940
Download

Forests must be measured, if they are to be managed and conserved properly. This book describes the principles of modern forest measurement, whether using simple, hand-held equipment or sophisticated satellite imagery. Written in a straightforward style, it will be understood by everyone who works with forests, from the professional forester to the layperson. It describes how and why forests are measured and the basis of the science behind the measurements taken.

Measuring Trees And Forests

Author: Michael S. Philip
Editor: CABI
ISBN: 9780851988832
Size: 11,33 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 488
Download

Forest growth modelling, forest mensuration, tree biomass.

Forest Measurements

Author: Thomas Eugene Avery
Editor: McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math
ISBN: 9780073661766
Size: 18,79 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 786
Download

This text is intended for introductory courses in forest measurements. Emphasis is on the measurement of timber, with detailed coverage on measuring products cut from tree boles, measuring attributes of standing trees, inventorying volumes of forest stands, and predicting growth of individual trees and stands of trees. Background information on statistial methods, sampling designs, land measurements, and use of aerial photographs is also provided. An introduction to assessing range, wildlife, water, and recreation resources associated with forested lands comprises the last chapter. The measurement principles and techniques discussed apply to any inventory that includes assessment of the tree overstory, regardless of whether the inventory is conducted for timber, range, wildlife, watershed, recreation, or other management objectives.

Forest Measurements

Author: Harold E. Burkhart
Editor: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478638095
Size: 17,55 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 876
Download

Harold Burkhart and Bronson Bullock have updated the quintessential introduction to forest measurements, providing a new generation of forestry students at all levels with the concepts and methods they need for career success. With attention to detail and clear, precise language, the authors present timber measurement techniques applicable to any tree inventory regardless of management objectives. Assuming no more mathematical background than algebra and plane trigonometry, the authors begin with basic statistical concepts to ensure that even introductory students benefit from the book’s concise explanations. Comprehensive coverage of sampling designs, land measurements, tree measurements, forest inventory field methods, and growth projections assures utility for foresters throughout their education and beyond. The new edition includes expanded discussions of information technology and geospatial information systems commonly employed in assessing forest resources. Recognizing the needs of contemporary forest inventories and models, a new chapter on assessing forest carbon builds on the foundations of traditional forest measurements, sampling, and modeling. Abundant photographs and illustrations highlight and clarify important concepts, while many numerical examples allow readers to become comfortable with the quantitative tools employed by foresters.

Forest Mensuration

Author: Anthonie van Laar
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402059914
Size: 10,66 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 321
Download

Van Laar and Akça’s popular text book, Forest Mensuration, was first published in 1997. Like that first edition, this modern update is based on extensive research, teaching and practical experience in both Europe, and the tropics and subtropics. However, it has also been extensively revised, and now includes chapters on remote sensing and the application of aerial photographs and satellite imagery. The book assumes no advanced knowledge of statistical methods, and combines practical techniques with important historical and disciplinary context. The result is a strong balance between a handbook and a valuable reference.

Methods For Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances And Evaluating Mitigation Options In Smallholder Agriculture

Author: Todd S. Rosenstock
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319297945
Size: 10,78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 799
Download

​​This book provides standards and guidelines for quantifying greenhouse gas emissions and removals in smallholder agricultural systems and comparing options for climate change mitigation based on emission reductions and livelihood trade-offs. Globally, agriculture is directly responsible for about 11% of annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and induces an additional 17% through land use change, mostly in developing countries. Farms in the developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia are predominately managed by smallholders, with 80% of land holdings smaller than ten hectares. However, little to no information exists on greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potentials in smallholder agriculture. Greenhouse gas measurements in agriculture are expensive, time consuming, and error prone, challenges only exacerbated by the heterogeneity of smallholder systems and landscapes. Concerns over methodological rigor, measurement costs, and the diversity of approaches, coupled with the demand for robust information suggest it is germane for the scientific community to establish standards of measurements for quantifying GHG emissions from smallholder agriculture. Standard guidelines for use by scientists, development organizations will help generate reliable data on emissions baselines and allow rigorous comparisons of mitigation options. The guidelines described in this book, developed by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) and partners, are intended to inform anyone conducting field measurements of agricultural greenhouse gas sources and sinks, especially to develop IPCC Tier 2 emission factors or to compare mitigation options in smallholder systems.

Routledge Handbook Of Urban Forestry

Author: Francesco Ferrini
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131723703X
Size: 15,23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 550
Download

More than half the world's population now lives in cities. Creating sustainable, healthy and aesthetic urban environments is therefore a major policy goal and research agenda. This comprehensive handbook provides a global overview of the state of the art and science of urban forestry. It describes the multiple roles and benefits of urban green areas in general and the specific role of trees, including for issues such as air quality, human well-being and stormwater management. It reviews the various stresses experienced by trees in cities and tolerance mechanisms, as well as cultural techniques for either pre-conditioning or alleviating stress after planting. It sets out sound planning, design, species selection, establishment and management of urban trees. It shows that close interactions with the local urban communities who benefit from trees are key to success. By drawing upon international state-of-art knowledge on arboriculture and urban forestry, the book provides a definitive overview of the field and is an essential reference text for students, researchers and practitioners.

Forest Mensuration

Author: Bertram Husch
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471018506
Size: 15,21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 353
Download

The new, revised edition of the standard volume on forest measurement The updated edition of this long-standing classic, Forest Mensuration, Fourth Edition, provides new, complete coverage of current measurement practices and technological applications that expand the role of forest mensuration to include monitoring forest resources. This integrated approach takes into account all the resources of a forest, including such nontimber vegetation parameters as regeneration, lesser vegetation, woody detritus, and carbon. Providing solid working knowledge of all concepts and methods, along with guidance for further study, featured material includes: * Applications of personal computers, global positioning, and GIS * Key concepts of tree-stand parameters and principles of measurement * Fundamental concepts of sampling methods * English and metric units Forest Mensuration, Fourth Edition, is a valuable resource for students in forestry and forestry-related studies.

Growing Plantation Forests

Author: Phil West
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540324798
Size: 10,65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 846
Download

In a highly readable fashion, this book describes the scientific principles which are used throughout the world to ensure rapid, healthy plantation growth. It is written for a world-wide audience, from forestry professionals and scientists through to small plantation growers, to describe how plantations may be grown responsibly and profitably. The author has been a forest scientist for over 30 years.