Trustworthy Cyber Physical Systems Engineering

Author: Alexander Romanovsky
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315352095
File Size: 58,41 MB
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From the Foreword "Getting CPS dependability right is essential to forming a solid foundation for a world that increasingly depends on such systems. This book represents the cutting edge of what we know about rigorous ways to ensure that our CPS designs are trustworthy. I recommend it to anyone who wants to get a deep look at these concepts that will form a cornerstone for future CPS designs." --Phil Koopman, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Trustworthy Cyber-Physical Systems Engineering provides practitioners and researchers with a comprehensive introduction to the area of trustworthy Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) engineering. Topics in this book cover questions such as What does having a trustworthy CPS actually mean for something as pervasive as a global-scale CPS? How does CPS trustworthiness map onto existing knowledge, and where do we need to know more? How can we mathematically prove timeliness, correctness, and other essential properties for systems that may be adaptive and even self-healing? How can we better represent the physical reality underlying real-world numeric quantities in the computing system? How can we establish, reason about, and ensure trust between CPS components that are designed, installed, maintained, and operated by different organizations, and which may never have really been intended to work together? ? Featuring contributions from leading international experts, the book contains sixteen self-contained chapters that analyze the challenges in developing trustworthy CPS, and identify important issues in developing engineering methods for CPS. The book addresses various issues contributing to trustworthiness complemented by contributions on TCSP roadmapping, taxonomy, and standardization, as well as experience in deploying advanced system engineering methods in industry. Specific approaches to ensuring trustworthiness, namely, proof and refinement, are covered, as well as engineering methods for dealing with hybrid aspects.

Trustworthy Cyber Physical Systems

Author: Nazila Gol Mohammadi
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3658274883
File Size: 50,91 MB
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Trustworthiness is a key success factor in the acceptance and adoption of cyber-physical systems. The author first discusses various existing definitions of trust and trustworthiness and extends them to cyber-physical systems. A comprehensive framework is proposed, including methods that cover all phases of development: requirements engineering, system design, trustworthiness evaluation, run-time maintenance, and evidence-based assurance. To support a smooth integration of the methods into development projects, these methods are provided in the form of so-called capability patterns. A running example from the ambient assisted living domain is used to demonstrate the application of the methods. About the Author: Nazila Gol Mohammadi is currently working as an associate researcher at paluno – The Ruhr Institute for Software Technology in Essen, Germany. Her research interests include software engineering, requirements engineering, digitalization, cloud computing, cyber-physical systems, and trustworthiness of software systems.

Secure And Trustworthy Cyberphysical Microfluidic Biochips

Author: Jack Tang
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030181634
File Size: 53,37 MB
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This book describes novel hardware security and microfluidic biochip design methodologies to protect against tampering attacks in cyberphysical microfluidic biochips (CPMBs). It also provides a general overview of this nascent area of research, which will prove to be a vital resource for practitioners in the field.This book shows how hardware-based countermeasures and design innovations can be a simple and effective last line of defense, demonstrating that it is no longer justifiable to ignore security and trust in the design phase of biochips.

Secure And Trustworthy Transportation Cyber Physical Systems

Author: Yunchuan Sun
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9811038929
File Size: 30,86 MB
Format: PDF
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This book comprehensively reviews the cyber security and privacy issues in transportation cyber-physical systems (TCPSs). It examines theories and various state-of-the-art technologies and methodologies. Starting with a survey of the latest solutions in TCPSs, it introduces a smart-transport-system architecture design based on cyber-physical systems. It then discusses in detail the principles and metrics of evaluating safety and privacy in TCPSs and elaborates the verification and analysis of secure, robust and trustworthy TCPSs. Moreover, it demonstrates the advanced and novel tools commonly used in practice by several researchers. Lastly it provides an exhaustive case study on the authentication and attestation in TCPSs. This book is of interest not only to readers in the field of TCPSs, but also to those in interdisciplinary fields, such as energy, healthcare, bio-engineering etc.

Advances In Mechatronics Automation And Applied Information Technologies

Author: Q. Lu
Editor: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
ISBN: 3038263206
File Size: 58,76 MB
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Mechatronics and Semiconductor Materials (ICMSCM 2013), September 28-29, 2013, Xi’an, China. The 428 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Mechatronics, Automation and Control; Chapter 2: Industrial Electronics, Communication, Sensors and Measurements; Chapter 3: Signal and Data Processing, Data Mining, Applied and Computational Mathematics; Chapter 4: Information Technology Applications in Industry and Engineering; Chapter 5: Semiconductors and Other Materials for Electronic Industry

Cyber Physical Systems Security

Author: Çetin Kaya Koç
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319989359
File Size: 15,64 MB
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The chapters in this book present the work of researchers, scientists, engineers, and teachers engaged with developing unified foundations, principles, and technologies for cyber-physical security. They adopt a multidisciplinary approach to solving related problems in next-generation systems, representing views from academia, government bodies, and industrial partners, and their contributions discuss current work on modeling, analyzing, and understanding cyber-physical systems.

A Framework For Detecting Anomalous Behaviors In Smart Cyber Physical Systems

Author: Sandeep Nair Narayanan
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 50,50 MB
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This dissertation makes significant contributions to automatic, scalable, and data-driven approaches for securing smart cyber-physical systems (CPS). Smart CPS are increasingly embedded in our everyday life. Security incidents involving them are often high-profile because of their ability to control critical infrastructure. Stuxnet and the Ukrainian power-grid attack are some notorious attacks reported against CPS which impacted governmental programs to ordinary users. In addition to the deliberate attacks, device malfunction and human error can also result in incidents with grave consequences. Hence the detection and mitigation of abnormal behaviors resulting from security incidents is imperative for the trustworthiness and broader acceptance of smart cyber-physical systems. In this dissertation, we study the behavior of smart cyber-physical systems and develop techniques to abstract the typical behaviors in such systems using the data generated from their components and detect various abnormalities. Our initial research developed a knowledge-graph based approach which uses semantic technologies to infer complex contexts for detecting a wide range of anomalies. We also propose an automatic behavioral abstraction technique, ABATe, which automatically learns their typical behavior by finding the latent "context'" space using available operational data. The learned latent space is then used to discern anomalies. We evaluate our technique using two real-world datasets to demonstrate the multi-domain adaptability and efficacy of our approach. As a part of this dissertation, we also generated an automotive dataset to support future research in the related fields.

Optimization Of Trustworthy Biomolecular Quantitative Analysis Using Cyber Physical Microfluidic Platforms

Author: Mohamed Ibrahim
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000082660
File Size: 66,86 MB
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A microfluidic biochip is an engineered fluidic device that controls the flow of analytes, thereby enabling a variety of useful applications. According to recent studies, the fields that are best set to benefit from the microfluidics technology, also known as lab-on-chip technology, include forensic identification, clinical chemistry, point-of-care (PoC) diagnostics, and drug discovery. The growth in such fields has significantly amplified the impact of microfluidics technology, whose market value is forecast to grow from $4 billion in 2017 to $13.2 billion by 2023. The rapid evolution of lab-on-chip technologies opens up opportunities for new biological or chemical science areas that can be directly facilitated by sensor-based microfluidics control. For example, the digital microfluidics-based ePlex system from GenMarkDx enables automated disease diagnosis and can bring syndromic testing near patients everywhere. However, as the applications of molecular biology grow, the adoption of microfluidics in many applications has not grown at the same pace, despite the concerted effort of microfluidic systems engineers. Recent studies suggest that state-of-the-art design techniques for microfluidics have two major drawbacks that need to be addressed appropriately: (1) current lab-on-chip systems were only optimized as auxiliary components and are only suitable for sample-limited analyses; therefore, their capabilities may not cope with the requirements of contemporary molecular biology applications; (2) the integrity of these automated lab-on-chip systems and their biochemical operations are still an open question since no protection schemes were developed against adversarial contamination or result-manipulation attacks. Optimization of Trustworthy Biomolecular Quantitative Analysis Using Cyber-Physical Microfluidic Platforms provides solutions to these challenges by introducing a new design flow based on the realistic modeling of contemporary molecular biology protocols. It also presents a microfluidic security flow that provides a high-level of confidence in the integrity of such protocols. In summary, this book creates a new research field as it bridges the technical skills gap between microfluidic systems and molecular biology protocols but it is viewed from the perspective of an electronic/systems engineer.

A 21st Century Cyber Physical Systems Education

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309451639
File Size: 18,91 MB
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Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are "engineered systems that are built from, and depend upon, the seamless integration of computational algorithms and physical components." CPS can be small and closed, such as an artificial pancreas, or very large, complex, and interconnected, such as a regional energy grid. CPS engineering focuses on managing inter- dependencies and impact of physical aspects on cyber aspects, and vice versa. With the development of low-cost sensing, powerful embedded system hardware, and widely deployed communication networks, the reliance on CPS for system functionality has dramatically increased. These technical developments in combination with the creation of a workforce skilled in engineering CPS will allow the deployment of increasingly capable, adaptable, and trustworthy systems. Engineers responsible for developing CPS but lacking the appropriate education or training may not fully understand at an appropriate depth, on the one hand, the technical issues associated with the CPS software and hardware or, on the other hand, techniques for physical system modeling, energy and power, actuation, signal processing, and control. In addition, these engineers may be designing and implementing life-critical systems without appropriate formal training in CPS methods needed for verification and to assure safety, reliability, and security. A workforce with the appropriate education, training, and skills will be better positioned to create and manage the next generation of CPS solutions. A 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education examines the intellectual content of the emerging field of CPS and its implications for engineering and computer science education. This report is intended to inform those who might support efforts to develop curricula and materials; faculty and university administrators; industries with needs for CPS workers; and current and potential students about intellectual foundations, workforce requirements, employment opportunities, and curricular needs.

Vehicular Cyber Physical Systems

Author: Danda B. Rawat
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319444948
File Size: 62,20 MB
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This book provides probabilistic, deterministic and geolocation-aware approaches for adaptive connectivity, robust security and privacy-aware communications for vehicular cyber physical systems (CPS). It presents mathematical models and numerical results obtained from experiments and simulations, and a trade-off between connectivity, security and privacy for vehicular communications. Connectivity between vehicles is crucial for vehicular CPS. Intelligent vehicular CPS provides not only road safety and traffic efficiency by exchanging information among vehicles, but also offers infotainment services to passengers using a variety of wireless technologies to forward the traffic/trajectory information with Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V), vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), and Vehicle-to-Roadside-to-Vehicle (V2R2V) communications. The book covers how to ensure that the message received from other vehicles is secure and trustworthy, rather than malicious. Further, it reveals how to make sure that the privacy of participants is not revealed while validating the received message. Researchers and professionals working with vehicular networks, smart systems, cyber physical systems, and mobile privacy will find this book valuable.

Concur 2012 Concurrency Theory

Author: Maciej Koutny
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642329403
File Size: 44,35 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Concurrency Theory, CONCUR 2012, held in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, September 4-7, 2012. The 35 revised full papers presented together with 4 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 97 submissions. The papers are organized in topics such as reachability analysis; qualitative and timed systems; behavioural equivalences; temporal logics; session types; abstraction; mobility and space in process algebras; stochastic systems; probabilistic systems; Petri nets and non-sequential semantics; verification; decidability.

Engineering Trustworthy Systems Get Cybersecurity Design Right The First Time

Author: O. Sami Saydjari
Editor: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 1260118185
File Size: 75,55 MB
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Cutting-edge cybersecurity solutions to defend against the most sophisticated attacks This professional guide shows, step by step, how to design and deploy highly secure systems on time and within budget. The book offers comprehensive examples, objectives, and best practices and shows how to build and maintain powerful, cost-effective cybersecurity systems. Readers will learn to think strategically, identify the highest priority risks, and apply advanced countermeasures that address the entire attack space. Engineering Trustworthy Systems: Get Cybersecurity Design Right the First Time showcases 35 years of practical engineering experience from an expert whose persuasive vision has advanced national cybersecurity policy and practices. Readers of this book will be prepared to navigate the tumultuous and uncertain future of cyberspace and move the cybersecurity discipline forward by adopting timeless engineering principles, including: •Defining the fundamental nature and full breadth of the cybersecurity problem•Adopting an essential perspective that considers attacks, failures, and attacker mindsets •Developing and implementing risk-mitigating, systems-based solutions•Transforming sound cybersecurity principles into effective architecture and evaluation strategies that holistically address the entire complex attack space

Engineering Trustworthy Software Systems

Author: Jonathan P. Bowen
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030550893
File Size: 48,71 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International School on Engineering Trustworthy Software Systems, SETSS 2019, held in Chongqing, China, in April 2019. The five chapters in this volume provide lectures on leading-edge research in methods and tools for use in computer system engineering. The topics covered in these chapters include Seamless Model-based System Development: Foundations; From Bounded Reachability Analysis of Linear Hybrid Automata to Verification of Industrial CPS and IoT; Weakest Preexpectation Semantics for Bayesian Inference: Conditioning, Continuous Distributions and Divergence; K - A Semantic Framework for Programming Languages and Formal Analysis Tools; and Software Abstractions and Human-Cyber-Physical Systems Architecture Modelling.

Trustworthy Reconfigurable Systems

Author: Thomas Feller
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3658070056
File Size: 48,97 MB
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​Thomas Feller sheds some light on trust anchor architectures for trustworthy reconfigurable systems. He is presenting novel concepts enhancing the security capabilities of reconfigurable hardware. Almost invisible to the user, many computer systems are embedded into everyday artifacts, such as cars, ATMs, and pacemakers. The significant growth of this market segment within the recent years enforced a rethinking with respect to the security properties and the trustworthiness of these systems. The trustworthiness of a system in general equates to the integrity of its system components. Hardware-based trust anchors provide measures to compare the system configuration to reference measurements. Reconfigurable architectures represent a special case in this regard, as in addition to the software implementation, the underlying hardware architecture may be exchanged, even during runtime.

Engineering Trustworthy Software Systems

Author: Zhiming Liu
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319296280
File Size: 25,47 MB
Format: PDF
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This volume contains the lecture notes of the five courses and one seminar given at the School on Engineering Trustworthy Software Systems (SETSS 2014), held in September 2014 at Southwest University in Chongqing, China. The material is useful for postgraduate students, researchers, academics and industrial engineers who are interested in the theory and practice of methods and tools for the design and programming of trustworthy software systems. The common themes of the courses include the design and use of theories, techniques and tools for software specification and modeling, analysis and verification. The courses cover sequential programming, component- and object software, hybrid systems and cyber-physical systems with challenges of termination, security, safety, security, fault-tolerance and real-time requirements. The techniques include model checking, correctness by construction through refinement and model transformations, synthesis and computer algebra.

Advances In Computer Science And Its Applications

Author: Hwa Young Jeong
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642416748
File Size: 19,38 MB
Format: PDF
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These proceedings focus on various aspects of computer science and its applications, thus providing an opportunity for academic and industry professionals to discuss the latest issues and progress in this and related areas. The book includes theory and applications alike.

Theoretical Aspects Of Computing Ictac 2013

Author: Zhiming Liu
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642397182
File Size: 16,77 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Colloquium on Theoretical Aspects of Computing, ICTAC 2013 held in Macau, China, in September 2013. The 22 revised full papers presented together with three keynote talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 64 submissions. The papers cover various topics related to both theoretical aspects of computing and the exploitation of theory through methods and tools for system development.

Resilient And Safe Control Of Cyber Physical Systems Under Uncertainties And Adversaries

Author: Aquib Mustafa
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 74,62 MB
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The recent growth of cyber-physical systems with a wide range of applications such as smart grids, healthcare, search and rescue and traffic monitoring, to name a few, brings new challenges to control systems due to the presence of significant uncertainties and undesired signals (i.e., disturbances and cyber-physical attacks). Thus, it is of vital importance to design resilient and safe control approaches that can adapt to the situation and mitigate adversaries to ensure an acceptable level of functionality and autonomy despite uncertainties and cyber-physical attacks.This dissertation begins with the analysis of adversaries and design of resilient distributed control mechanisms for multi-agent cyber-physical systems with guaranteed performance and consensus under mild assumptions. More specifically, the adverse effects of cyber-physical attacks are first analyzed on the synchronization of the multi-agent cyber-physical systems. Then, information-theoretic based detection and mitigation methods are presented by equipping agents with self-belief about the trustworthiness of their own information and trust about their neighbors. Then, the effectiveness of the developed approach is certified by applying it to distributed frequency and voltage synchronization of AC microgrids under data manipulation attacks. In the next step, to relax some connectivity assumptions in the network for the resilient control design, a distributed adaptive attack compensator is developed by estimating the normal expected behavior of agents. The adaptive attack compensator is augmented with the controller and it is shown that the proposed controller achieves resilient synchronization in the presence of the attacks on sensors and actuators. Moreover, this approach recovers compromised agents under actuator attacks and avoids propagation of attacks on sensors without discarding information from the compromised agents. Then, the problem of secure state estimation for distributed sensor networks is considered. More specifically, the adverse effects of cyber-physical attacks on distributed sensor networks are analyzed and attack mitigation mechanism for the event-triggered distributed Kalman filter is presented. It is shown that although event-triggered mechanisms are highly desirable, the attacker can leverage the event-triggered mechanism to cause triggering misbehaviors which significantly harms the network connectivity and performance. Then, an entropy estimation-based attack detection and mitigation mechanisms are designed.Finally, the safe reinforcement learning framework for autonomous control systems under constraints is developed. Reinforcement learning agents with pre-specified reward functions cannot provide guaranteed safety across variety of circumstances that an uncertain system might encounter. To guarantee performance while assuring the satisfaction of safety constraints across variety of circumstances, an assured autonomous control framework is designed by empowering reinforcement learning algorithms with meta-cognitive learning capabilities. More specifically, adapting the reward function parameters of the reinforcement learning agent is performed in a meta-cognitive decision-making layer to assure the feasibility of the reinforcement learning agent.

Cyber Physical Systems Approach To Smart Electric Power Grid

Author: Siddhartha Kumar Khaitan
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3662459280
File Size: 56,26 MB
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This book documents recent advances in the field of modeling, simulation, control, security and reliability of Cyber- Physical Systems (CPS) in power grids. The aim of this book is to help the reader gain insights into working of CPSs and understand their potential in transforming the power grids of tomorrow. This book will be useful for all those who are interested in design of cyber-physical systems, be they students or researchers in power systems, CPS modeling software developers, technical marketing professionals and business policy-makers.

Software Quality Engineering

Author: Witold Suryn
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118830180
File Size: 23,58 MB
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A concise, engineering-oriented resource that provides practical support to IT professionals and those responsible for the quality of the software or systems they develop Software quality stems from two distinctive, but associated, topics in software engineering: software functional quality and software structural quality. This book studies the tenets of both of these notions, which focus on the efficiency and value of a design, respectively. It addresses engineering quality on both the application and system levels with attention to information systems (IS) and embedded systems (ES) as well as recent developments. Software Quality Engineering introduces the basic concepts of quality engineering like the nature of the engineering process, quality models and measurements, and evaluation quality, and provides a step-by-step overview of the application of software quality engineering in commonly recognized phases of the software development process. It also discusses management of software quality engineering processes, with special attention to budget, planning, conflict resolution, and traceability of quality requirements. Targeted at graduate engineering students and software quality specialists, Software Quality Engineering: Provides an analysis of interdependence between software functionality and its quality Includes a list of software quality engineering “to-dos” and models of software quality requirements traceability Covers the practical use of related ISO/IEC JTCI/SC7 standards