Vertebrates

Author: S. M. Kisia
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439840520
Size: 17,30 MB
Format: PDF
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Describing the diversity and features of various vertebrate groups, ranging from the oldest living fishes to the relatively more recent evolution of mammals, this book covers anatomical systems including organs and tissues, as well as their function and differentiation in various vertebrate groups. The authors also discuss the evolution of vertebrate groups from the earliest extinct ancestors to current living vertebrates. The book contains illustrations to clarify various issues as well as discussions of vertebrate features that enable adaptation to aquatic and terrestrial environments.

Renal Structure And Function In Vertebrates

Author: Hans Ditrich
Editor: Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781578083053
Size: 19,65 MB
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An account of the different morphologies of vertebrate respiratory organs and structures. It explains the essence of different functional designs and strategies that have adaptively developed for the acquisition of molecular oxygen and elimination of carbon dioxide. The origins of the various respiratory systems are presented and debated from evolutionary, phylogenetic, behavioural and ecological perspectives. The book carefully outlines the interactions between the environment (the physical realm) and evolution and adaptation (the biological domain) that have set the composition and patterning of extant animal life.

Phylogeny And Development Of Catecholamine Systems In The Cns Of Vertebrates

Author: Wilhelmus J. A. Smeets
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521442510
Size: 16,44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In this book, the structure, function, and development of brain systems using the catecholamines are comprehensively described for members of all living vertebrate classes. The first part of the book deals with comparative morphology and consists of an introductory chapter on methodology and limitations of catecholamine research followed by surveys of the anatomy and function of catecholamine systems for each vertebrate class. These chapters provide information on the distribution of catecholamines and their synthetic enzymes and on their relationships with specific functional systems and other neurotransmitter systems. In the second part of the book, special attention is paid to the first appearance of enzyme- and catecholamine-immunoreactivity in specific brain regions, to the maturation of catecholaminergic cells and fibers, and to relationships with other developmental events. In the final chapter, the morphological and developmental information is synthesized and major evolution implications and basic principles of organization and function are pointed out. The contributors provide an excellent overview of the current knowledge on organization and evolution of the catecholoaminergic systems of the brain and emphasize that brain catecholamine systems are very ancient and appear to be one of the backbones of the brain.

Int Std Ed General Biology

Author: Peter Russell
Editor: Cengage Learning EMEA
ISBN: 9780495114550
Size: 19,55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Biology

Author: Eldra Solomon
Editor: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1133170323
Size: 14,92 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Solomon/Berg/Martin, BIOLOGY -- often described as the best majors text for LEARNING biology -- is also a complete teaching program. The superbly integrated, inquiry-based learning system guides students through every chapter. Key concepts appear clearly at the beginning of each chapter and learning objectives start each section. Students then review the key points at the end of each section before moving on to the next one. At the end of the chapter, a specially focused Summary provides further reinforcement of the learning objectives. The ninth edition offers expanded integration of the text's three guiding themes of biology (evolution, information transfer, and energy for life) and innovative online and multimedia resources for students and instructors Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Biology

Author: Sandra Alters
Editor: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 0763708372
Size: 11,14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Designed for a one or two semester non-majors course in introductory biology taught at most two and four-year colleges. This course typically fulfills a general education requirement, and rather than emphasizing mastery of technical topics, it focuses on the understanding of biological ideas and concepts, how they relate to real life, and appreciating the scientific methods and thought processes. Given the authors' work in and dedication to science education, this text's writing style, pedagogy, and integrated support package are all based on classroom-tested teaching strategies and learning theory. The result is a learning program that enhances the effectiveness & efficiency of the teaching and learning experience in the introductory biology course like no other before it.

Hyman S Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Author: Libbie Henrietta Hyman
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226870137
Size: 18,45 MB
Format: PDF
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The purpose of this book, now in its third edition, is to introduce the morphology of vertebrates in a context that emphasizes a comparison of structire and of the function of structural units. The comparative method involves the analysis of the history of structure in both developmental and evolutionary frameworks. The nature of adaptation is the key to this analysis. Adaptation of a species to its environment, as revealed by its structure, function, and reproductive success, is the product of mutation and natural selection–the process of evolution. The evolution of structure and function, then, is the theme of this book which presents, system by system, the evolution of structure and function of vertebrates. Each chapter presents the major evolutionary trends of an organ system, with instructions for laboratory exploration of these trends included so the student can integrate concept with example.

Cell And Molecular Biology Of Vertebrate Hard Tissues

Author: David Evered
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470513640
Size: 14,45 MB
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Brings together the latest research in the cellular and molecular biology of bones and teeth, including applications to medical and dental practice. An interdisciplinary group of contributors addresses control of bone formation, resorption and remodelling, osteoblast differentiation and osteoclast activity, factors influencing dental extracellular matrix biomineralization, non-collagen proteins in bone and their function, hormonal regulation of bone growth, and more.

The Mcat Biology Book

Author: Nancy Morvillo
Editor: Nova Press
ISBN: 1889057444
Size: 16,71 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Comprehensive, Rigorous Prep for MCAT Biology. REVISED FOR MCAT 2015. The MCAT Biology Book provides a comprehensive overview of MCAT biology appropriate for all pre-med students preparing for the MCAT exam. In twenty-one chapters, the basics of biology are described in easy-to-understand text. Illustrations help emphasize relevant topics and clarify difficult concepts. Each chapter concludes with a set of problems modeled after the MCAT exam, with complete explanation of the answers. Also, includes a thorough analysis of the MCAT verbal section. Authors Nancy Morvillo and Matthew Schmidt both obtained their Ph.D. in genetics from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Recent Advances In Transthyretin Evolution Structure And Biological Functions

Author: Samantha J. Richardson
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642006463
Size: 13,37 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Since its ?rst description in 1942 in both serum and cerebrospinal ?uid, transthyretin (TTR) has had an eventful history, including changes in name from “prealbumin” to “thyroxine-binding prealbumin” to “transthyretin” as knowledge increased about its functions. TTR is synthesised in a wide range of tissues in humans and other eutherian mammals: the liver, choroid plexus (blood- cerebrospinal ?uid barrier), retinal pigment epithelium of the eye, pancreas, intestine and meninges. However, its sites of synthesis are more restricted in other vertebrates. This implies that the number of tissues synthesising TTR during vertebrate evolution has increased, and raises questions about the selection pressures governing TTR synthesis. TTR is most widely known as a distributor of thyroid hormones. In addition, TTR binds retinol-binding protein, which binds retinol. In this way, TTR is also involved with retinoid distribution. More recently, TTR has been demonstrated to bind a wide variety of endocrine disruptors including drugs, pollutants, industrial compounds, heavy metals, and some naturally occurring plant ?avonoids. These not only interfere with thyroid hormone delivery in the body, but also transport such endocrine disruptors into the brain, where they have the potential to accumulate.