Why Are There So Many Banking Crises

Author: Jean-Charles Rochet
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400828317
File Size: 42,87 MB
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Almost every country in the world has sophisticated systems to prevent banking crises. Yet such crises--and the massive financial and social damage they can cause--remain common throughout the world. Does deposit insurance encourage depositors and bankers to take excessive risks? Are banking regulations poorly designed? Or are banking regulators incompetent? Jean-Charles Rochet, one of the world's leading authorities on banking regulation, argues that the answer in each case is "no." In Why Are There So Many Banking Crises?, he makes the case that, although many banking crises are precipitated by financial deregulation and globalization, political interference often causes--and almost always exacerbates--banking crises. If, for example, political authorities are allowed to pressure banking regulators into bailing out banks that should be allowed to fail, then regulation will lack credibility and market discipline won't work. Only by insuring the independence of banking regulators, Rochet says, can market forces work and banking crises be prevented and minimized. In this important collection of essays, Rochet examines the causes of banking crises around the world in recent decades, focusing on the lender of last resort; prudential regulation and the management of risk; and solvency regulations. His proposals for reforms that could limit the frequency and severity of banking crises should interest a wide range of academic economists and those working for central and private banks and financial services authorities.

Fragile By Design

Author: Charles W. Calomiris
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691168350
File Size: 12,15 MB
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"Why are banking systems unstable in so many countries--but not in others? The United States has had twelve systemic banking crises since 1840, while Canada has had none. The banking systems of Mexico and Brazil have not only been crisis prone but have provided miniscule amounts of credit to business enterprises and households. Analyzing the political and banking history of the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Brazil through several centuries, Fragile by Design demonstrates that chronic banking crises and scarce credit are not accidents due to unforeseen circumstances. Rather, these fluctuations result from the complex bargains made between politicians, bankers, bank shareholders, depositors, debtors, and taxpayers. The well-being of banking systems depends on the abilities of political institutions to balance and limit how coalitions of these various groups influence government regulations. Fragile by Design is a revealing exploration of the ways that politics inevitably intrudes into bank regulation. Charles Calomiris and Stephen Haber combine political history and economics to examine how coalitions of politicians, bankers, and other interest groups form, why some endure while others are undermined, and how they generate policies that determine who gets to be a banker, who has access to credit, and who pays for bank bailouts and rescues."--Publisher's description.

Learning From The Past Lessons From The Banking Crises Of The 20th Century S Hrg 111 18 March 19 2009 111 1 Hearing

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Macroeconomic Stability And Financial Regulation Key Issues For The G20

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Editor: CEPR
ISBN: 1907142002
File Size: 28,63 MB
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Update On The Costs Of The Thrift And Commercial Bank Crises And Banking Reform Issues

Author: United States
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 10,64 MB
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Managing The Real And Fiscal Effects Of Banking Crises

Author: Daniela Klingebiel
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821350560
File Size: 24,61 MB
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This volume provides two recent analyses of government responses to financial crises; they have been developed in the light of the recent East Asian crisis, but also draw on experiences from other regions. Issues discussed relate to: the tradeoffs involved in public policies for systemic financial and corporate sector restructuring; and the use of cross-country evidence to determine whether specific crisis containment and resolution policies effect the fiscal costs of resolving a crisis. The book also presents information on 113 systemic banking crises that have occurred in 93 countries since the 1970s, as well as 50 borderline or non-systemic banking crises in 44 countries during the same period.

Banking Crises In Latin America

Author: Ricardo Hausmann
Editor: IDB
ISBN: 9781886938120
File Size: 40,11 MB
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Banking crises occur in both industrial and developing countries, but in Latin America they last longer, affect a larger segment of the banking industry and cost the public more. In Banking Crises in Latin America, distinguished policymakers, academicians and bankers examine the main causes of such crises, how governments can manage them more effectively, and how they can be prevented. The six sections of the book focus on the salient features of Latin American banking systems, the macroeconomic causes of banking crises, the microeconomic factors leading to bank difficulties, and the particular constraints that make the management of banking crises more complicated in Latin America than in industrial countries. Policy recommendations at both the macro- and microeconomic level aim to improve the resilience of banking systems to unanticipated shocks. The last section of the book turns the focus to experiences of individual countries. Contributors include Eduardo Aninat, Guillermo Calvo, Michel Camdessus, Sebastian Edwards, Enrique Iglesias, Lawrence Summers and Paul Volcker.

Preventing Bank Crises

Author: Gerard Caprio
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821342022
File Size: 54,38 MB
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Trata de como prevenir a crise nos bancos, estudando vários casos de bancos que quebraram no mundo.

Asian Financial Crises

Author: USGPO Staff
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 26,58 MB
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British Financial Crises Since 1825

Author: Nicholas Dimsdale
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199688664
File Size: 74,79 MB
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A history of British financial crises since the Napoleonic wars, providing an account of the main crises from 1825 until the credit crunch of 2007-8. The book examines role of the Bank of England as lender of last resort and the successes and failures of crisis management. The scope for reducing the risk of future systemic crises is assessed. The book will be of interest to students, market practitioners, policymakers, and general readers interested in the debate over banking reform.

The Japanese Banking Crisis

Author: Ryozo Himino
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811595984
File Size: 43,54 MB
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The Determinants Of Banking Crises Evidence From Developing And Developed Countries

Author: Asli Demirgüç-Kunt
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
File Size: 72,11 MB
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The paper studies the factors associated with the emergence of systemic banking crises in a large sample of developed and developing countries in 1980–94, using a multivariate logit econometric model. the results suggest that crises tend to erupt when the macroeconomic environment is weak, particularly when growth is low and inflation is high. Also, high real interest rates are clearly associated with systemic banking sector problems, and there is some evidence that vulnerability to balance of payments crises has played a role. Countries with an explicit deposit insurance scheme were particularly at risk, as were countries with weak law enforcement.

Bankers Magazine

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A Blueprint For Better Banking

Author: Niels Kroner
Editor: Harriman House Limited
ISBN: 0857190970
File Size: 45,40 MB
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'A Blueprint for Better Banking' takes a fresh look at the financial crisis. It sets out to answer specifically what the mistakes were that banks made and how this could have been avoided. What is unique about this book is a detailed description of a large bank that operates very differently from its peers and that has, as a result, steered clear of the areas that have brought many other banks into trouble. This provides a number of insights into how a more resilient, post-credit crunch banking system should look. The first section begins with an overview of existing explanations of the crisis and why they remain partly unsatisfactory. It then sets out an alternative framework based around seven behavioural patterns of imprudent banking. These 'Seven Deadly Sins' have caused most banking crises, including the current one, and while they come in different shapes and forms they remain essentially the same. This book examines why they remain extremely tempting to bankers, often with the enthusiastic support of their shareholders and no meaningful objection by regulators. The second and main part of the book is a new and extensive description of the management practices at Svenska Handelsbanken, one of the top 25 banks in Europe. It not only survived the Swedish banking crisis in the 1990s without asking for support, but it has also remained stable during the latest crisis. Handelsbanken did not have to raise capital or ask for government support and its shares have been the best performing European bank stock by a wide margin. The bank has traditionally been run by management practices that are diametrically opposed to so-called 'best practice' in the industry. The book investigates how Handelsbanken operates without bonuses and examines their unique organisation, strategy discussion, risk management and capital markets communication. In effect, the book describes how Handelsbanken ensures that it does not fall for any of the Seven Deadly Sins. Niels Kroner has conducted over fifty interviews with Handelsbanken executives and competitors, and also draws on his inside experience of many other institutions to bring out the important differences between the 'Handelsbanken way' and common practices at other banks. The final part summarises what other banks and financial institutions can learn from Handelsbanken and how its model may offer a solution that other potential regulatory changes may not.

Banking Crises Liquidity And Credit Lines

Author: Gurbachan Singh
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0415682207
File Size: 67,65 MB
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The banking crisis in 2007-10 was one amongst many such crises in the past. This book provides a fresh approach to liquidity. It starts from basics and gradually builds up analysis of credit lines with few technicalities. Though the analysis is theoretical, the book provides a historical background, a macroeconomic perspective, and policy implications. An integrated view of the pre-1983 and the post-1983 literature is provided. A solution to the related problem of sudden outflow of funds from emerging economies is also suggested.

The Real Effect Of Banking Crises Epub

Author: Mr. Giovanni Dell'Ariccia
Editor: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1452797595
File Size: 76,25 MB
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Banking crises are usually followed by a decline in credit and growth. Is this because crises tend to take place during economic downturns, or do banking sector problems have independent negative effects on the economy? To answer this question we examine industrial sectors with differing needs for financing. If banking crises have an exogenous detrimental effect on real activity, then sectors more dependent on external finance should perform relatively worse during banking crises. The evidence in this paper supports this view. Additional support comes from the fact that sectors that predominantly have small firms, and thus are typically bank-dependent, also perform relatively worse during banking crises. The differential effects across sectors are stronger in developing countries, in countries with less access to foreign finance, and where banking crises have been more severe.

Banking And Currency Speech In The House Of Representatives March 27 1874

Author: Clinton L. MERRIAM
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 42,38 MB
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